Introduction | Brief Analysis | Agriculture | Trade | Recommendations Introduction For more than 25 years, CUTS International pursues research-based advocacy to promote consumer sovereignty with social justice and equality within and across borders. In 2008, CUTS Geneva Resource Centre started functioning to promote a pro-trade, pro-equity credible Southern voice in the Geneva trade and development community. CUTS GRC aims to provide services that would bridge the gap between capitals and Geneva on trade-related issues. At the same time it also launched its flagship three-year project entitled “Fostering Equity and Accountability in the Trading System (FEATS)” .
Introduction | Brief Analysis | Agriculture | Trade | Recommendations Agriculture in LLCs In landlocked Zambia, Malawi and Uganda, the study focused on agricultural productivity, livelihoods, and trade. Zambia, Malawi and Uganda
Introduction | Brief Analysis | Agriculture | Trade | Recommendations Agriculture in Non-LLCs Kenya and Tanzania Both countries face the challenge of Food Insecurity. (Data indicates that Food Insecurity in these countries is linked to poverty.)
Introduction | Brief Analysis | Agriculture | Trade | Recommendations Agriculture in Non-LLCs Trade impacts on food security, either: Kenya and Tanzania Positively Negatively Allows imports of staple food products at affordable prices. Increases livelihood options and hence enhances food security Heavily subsidized food production can depress international food prices, discouraging investment in food production in small countries. Additionally, trade liberalization measures adopted by small developing countries leads to immediate increase in imports, thus worsening balance of payments
The major determinant for trade in the case of LLCs is the cost of transportation, resulting from distance to the sea and inadequate infrastructure. Landlocked LDCs spend almost double the percentage of their export earnings for transport than the average developing country
Due to “price takers” in the international market, high transportation costs reduce producers’ incomes and discourage them from investing and trading.
Ag. products are perishable, requiring faster and efficient transportation