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Low Power Dc-Dc Converters
IntroductionPurposeIntroduction to CUI Inc’s low power dc-dc convertersObjectives  Selection criteria for 1 W-2 W dc-dc c...
Criteria to Consider  Inputs/outputs  Power conversion  Isolation  Regulation  Protections  Package                 ...
Input Voltage Requirements                                                     Vout+                            Vin+  Nom...
Fixed Output                                                      Vout+                                 Vin+ Single / Dua...
Power Conversion                     +5V                                      +12V  +12V                                 +...
Isolation                                              Vout+                     Vin+ Safety            Supply          D...
RegulationTwo categories of devices Regulated & Non-regulatedRegulated  Used where the input voltage is not well regulate...
Protections  Short circuit  Over voltage  Over current / over load  Under voltage                              © 2012 ...
CUI Parts1 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Unregulated             input range                   output voltage             ...
CUI Parts                      (continued)1 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Regulated               input range             ...
CUI Parts                      (continued)2 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Unregulated             input range             ...
CUI Parts                    (continued)2 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Regulated              input range                ...
Summary There are a number of criteria to consider when  selecting a dc-dc converter CUI offers a broad line up of regul...
www.cui.com
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Low Power Dc-Dc Converters

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Introduction to CUI Inc’s low power dc-dc converters and the selection criteria for 1 – 2 Watt converters.

To view CUI's low power dc-dc converter offering visit:
http://www.cui.com/Low_Power_DC-DC_Converters

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  • Welcome to the CUI training module on low power DC-DC converters. We will cover the design criteria in selecting a low power DC-DC converter and the options available from CUI.
  • There are number of design criteria that an engineer must consider when selecting the appropriate low power DC-DC converter for their application. Aside from the general implementation of converting a DC input voltage to a DC output voltage, the engineer must understand the level of isolation required in the design, the tolerable voltage fluctuations the architecture can withstand, and the types of protections that must be available. These variables, when combined with different packaging types, create a broad number of DC-DC converter options that an engineer must select from.
  • The input of a DC-DC converter is tied to the output of an upstream supply in the power system. This will define the required input voltage necessary for the DC-DC converter. There are a number of different input options depending on the stability of the voltage. For example, a fixed input voltage can be used when the voltage rail connected to the input is very stable. If, on the other hand, the DC-DC converter is connected to a fluctuating supply, like a battery, a much wider input range is required to account for the changing input voltage conditions. 2 to 1 and 4 to 1 type inputs are examples of wide input range devices used to address applications with a volatile input voltage. These numbers represent a comparison between the high and low input voltage limits. An example of a 2 to 1 input voltage device would be a DC-DC converter that has a nominal input of 12 volts but can operate anywhere between 9 volts and 18 volts while still maintaining a stable output voltage.
  • The required output voltage is one of the easier decision an engineer must make. The decision on the output voltage will be driven by the load requirements and whether the engineer wants to drive a single load or two loads.
  • A DC-DC converter can be used to step down a voltage, step up a voltage, or even invert a voltage from positive to negative. Which of these solutions is selected will depend on the type of load being driven and the power architecture of the design. The most common application is to step down the DC voltage from a higher voltage to a lower voltage. A distributed power architecture is an example of a power system that steps down DC voltages to create a series of voltage rails that drive different loads.
  • DC-DC converters can be implemented to provide isolation in a system. This electrical separation creates a barrier which can be used for safety protection or noise isolation. Two isolation factors are generally specified: isolation resistance and isolation voltage. The isolation resistance is a function of the material and spacing employed in the DC-DC converter. The isolation voltage is defined as the maximum voltage across the isolation barrier that a device can withstand for a fixed time period. The actual breakdown voltage is typically in excess of 1000 volts higher than the rated isolation voltage. The reason for rating a conservative isolation voltage is to ensure that the isolation testing of supply does not degrade the isolation barrier in any way. The required isolation voltage will depend on the market the device is being used in. Industrial applications will typically accept 1 kilovolt isolation where as medical applications may require up to 6 kilovolts of isolation. The higher isolation required in medical applications is implemented in order to comply with restrictive standards mandated by agencies like UL and TUV.
  • Another key parameter is regulation. Regulation is the ability of the DC-DC converter to maintain the output voltage within a specified range as input conditions change. There are two primary categories of DC-DC converters, regulated and non-regulated devices. Regulated DC-DC converters are used in applications where the input voltage is not well regulated. Fluctuations on the inputs will therefore not affect output voltages and driving subsequent downstream components. Non-regulated devices are used when the upstream signals are well regulated and line changes are minimal. The output voltages will fluctuate with changes in the line or the load. In general, non-regulated devices are generally smaller and less expensive than regulated DC-DC converters.
  • Output protections are implemented in DC-DC converters to prevent damage to the converter or attached loads. One type of protection is for short circuits. Short circuit protection kicks in and shuts down the device when a short circuit condition is created. Typically once the short is removed, the device will recover to normal operation. Over voltage protection similarly shuts down the DC-DC converter when its voltage exceeds a specified range. Over current or over load protection is a feature that limits the output current so the DC-DC converter will not be damaged. Finally, under voltage lock out is a protection where the device shuts downs when the input voltage drops below a certain level. Most DC-DC converters incorporate most if not all of these types of protections.
  • CUI offers a number of different 1 watt unregulated DC-DC converters. The appropriate series will depend on the required size, package type, and isolation needed. Isolation voltages up to 6 kilo volts are available. Supported input voltages include 3.3, 5, 12, 15, and 24 volts in both single and dual output configurations.
  • The 1 watt regulated devices include options for a wider input voltage range. 2 to 1 input support is available in several of the series. These regulated units are generally larger than the comparable unregulated DC-DC converters.
  • CUI’s 2 watt unregulated DC-DC converters have efficiencies up to 87%. All series support common industry standard input and output voltages.
  • CUI’s 2 wattregulated devices are available to support both 2 to 1 and 4 to 1 inputs. These high efficiency converters are suitable for many industrial applications.
  • In summary, there are a number of criteria to consider when selecting a DC-DC converter. These criteria include the required inputs, outputs, power conversion, isolation, regulation, protections, and packaging. Because of the wide variety of options, a vendor needs a broad line up to meet most customers needs. More information on these DC-DC converters and other products are available at www.cui.com.
  • Transcript of "Low Power Dc-Dc Converters"

    1. 1. Low Power Dc-Dc Converters
    2. 2. IntroductionPurposeIntroduction to CUI Inc’s low power dc-dc convertersObjectives  Selection criteria for 1 W-2 W dc-dc converters Content: 13 pages Learning Time: 10 minutes © 2012 CUI Inc
    3. 3. Criteria to Consider  Inputs/outputs  Power conversion  Isolation  Regulation  Protections  Package © 2012 CUI Inc
    4. 4. Input Voltage Requirements Vout+ Vin+  Nominal input Supply Load voltage needs DC DC Vin- Vout-  Input ranges: +/-10% 2:1 Isolation Layer 4:1 © 2012 CUI Inc
    5. 5. Fixed Output Vout+ Vin+ Single / Dual Supply DC DC Load Positive / Negative Vin- Vout- Isolation Layer © 2012 CUI Inc
    6. 6. Power Conversion +5V +12V +12V +5V DC DC DC DC GND GND GND GND Step Down Step Up +5V GND DC DC GND -5V Inversion © 2012 CUI Inc
    7. 7. Isolation Vout+ Vin+ Safety Supply DC DC Load Signal Vin- Vout- Isolation Layer © 2012 CUI Inc
    8. 8. RegulationTwo categories of devices Regulated & Non-regulatedRegulated  Used where the input voltage is not well regulated  Outputs do not fluctuate with changes in line and loadNon-regulated  Where the upstream signal is well regulate and fluctuations will be minimal  Narrow input range  Outputs fluctuate with line and load changes © 2012 CUI Inc
    9. 9. Protections  Short circuit  Over voltage  Over current / over load  Under voltage © 2012 CUI Inc
    10. 10. CUI Parts1 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Unregulated input range output voltage isolation series efficiency package (V dc) (V dc) (V dc)VAT1-SMT 5, 12, 15, 24 5, +/-5, 9, +/-9, 12, +/-12, 15, +/-15 79% 10 pin SMT 1KVBT1-SMT 3.3, 5, 12, 15, 24 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 83% 8 pin SMT 1KVASD1-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, +/-5, 9, +/-9, 12, +/-12, 15, +/-15 81% 7 pin SIP 1KVBSD1-SIP 3.3, 5, 12, 15, 24 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 81% 4 pin SIP 1KVBSD1-DIP 3.3, 5, 12, 15, 24 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 81% 8 pin DIP 1KVASD1-DIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, +/-5, 9, +/-9, 12, +/-12, 15, +/-15 80% 6 pin DIP 1KVEFT1-SMT 5, 12, 15, 24 5, +/-5, 9, +/-9, 12, +/-12, 15, +/-15 80% 12 pin SMT 3KVESD1-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, +/-5, 9, +/-9, 12, +/-12, 15, +/-15 81% 7 pin SIP 3KVFSD1-SIP 3.3, 5, 12, 15, 24 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 81% 7 pin SIP 3K VHS1-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, 9, 12, 15 78% 7 pin SIP 6K © 2012 CUI Inc
    11. 11. CUI Parts (continued)1 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Regulated input range output voltage isolation series efficiency package (V dc) (V dc) (V dc)VIBLSD1-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, 9, 12, 15 73% 7 pin SIP 1KVIBLSD1-DIP 5, 12, 15, 24 5, 9, 12, 15 73% 14 pin DIP 1KVIBLT1-SMT 5, 12, 15, 24 5, 9, 12, 15 72% 14 pin SMT 1K 4.5–9, 9–18, 18–VWRAS1-SIP +/-5, +/-9, +/-12, +/-15 83% 8 pin SIP 1.5 K 36, 36–72 4.5–9, 9–18, 18–VWRBS1-SIP 5, 9, 12, 15 83% 8 pin SIP 1.5 K 36, 36–72 © 2012 CUI Inc
    12. 12. CUI Parts (continued)2 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Unregulated input range output voltage isolation series efficiency package (V dc) (V dc) (V dc)VAT2-SMT 5, 12 +/-5, +/-9, +/-12, +/-15 85% 10 pin SMT 1KVBT2-SMT 5, 12 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 85% 8 pin SMT 1KVASD2-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 +/-5, +/-9, +/-12, +/-15 87% 7 pin SIP 1KVBSD2-SIP 3.3, 5, 12, 15, 24 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 86% 7 pin SIP 1KVESD2-SIP 5, 12, 15, 24 +/-5, +/-9, +/-12, +/-15 87% 7 pin SIP 3KVFSD2-SIP 5, 12, 24 5, 9, 12, 15 86% 7 pin SIP 3K © 2012 CUI Inc
    13. 13. CUI Parts (continued)2 W Isolated Dc-Dc Converters – Regulated input range output voltage isolation series efficiency package (V dc) (V dc) (V dc) 4.5–9, 9–18, 18–VWRAS2-SIP +/-5, +/-9, +/-12, +/-15 80% 8 pin SIP 1.5 K 36, 36–72 4.5–9, 9–18, 18–VWRBS2-SIP 5, 9, 12, 15 83% 8 pin SIP 1.5 K 36, 36–72VWQBS2-SIP 9–36, 18–72 3.3, 5, 9, 12, 15 82% 9 pin SIP 1.5 K © 2012 CUI Inc
    14. 14. Summary There are a number of criteria to consider when selecting a dc-dc converter CUI offers a broad line up of regulated and unregulated, isolated dc-dc convertersLearn More View CUI’s line of lower power dc-dc converters View CUI’s full Power product portfolio © 2012 CUI Inc
    15. 15. www.cui.com
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