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  • 2. 2
  • 3. Creative Circle Michael and Frederica, Joost Sophie of Mich Stevenson Ar t ael son Art Buchannan Square keeps Gallery IG Prod fighting fit at Cape Town’s Mandy from Orange Films Orange nine Fin most original and ed coolest gym – The vir tually invent Armoury Boxing th e ar t of Inscape Club. Tamsin is sparring here production with Buchanan’s college ne sales agent, Ivo Nanine of Nani a Finewear, brings C ape Town’s East Nestle (021 425 sense of style ... nancial City precinct, 1000). o r Wo o d s t o c k a s locals know it, is set to follow the same global trend seen i n L o n d o n ’s E a s t MCape rTown’s vCBDs ehas initiated, irro ing o er as trends limited space and rising costs INDuSTRIAL ChIC Andrew from Buchanan Studios’ Tiaan Vorster, Chamele ing Futu in immediately fell in love with the a partner in End and New York’s the migration of many SME’s into semi-industrial feel of the building Meatpacking District, Woodstock and the eastern city area. and changed his mind about how he Meyer+Vorster Architects agers L where an expanding No longer just a “destination point”, intended to use the space. The fact landscape of creative the precinct now boasts a number that there are mostly creative tenants, and entrepreneurial of high profile addresses and has another production company in the businesses have boosted inner city development. become part of a strip of services and retail venues that enhance each complex, and Ogilvy over the road, he gets the feeling that this is the Alastair and Antonello of Spanish Theatre other’s trade. “next place to be”. It’s connected La Bottega, a B u c h a n a n The combination of its unique the dots between The Palms Lifestyle Square has been aesthetics, its vibe, its proximity to Centre, The Biscuit Mill and Old Castle delicious Italian er Cera renovated into what town and its superb location, has Brewery. eatery is now R100 million attracted a creative community h Av I N G A F I N e T I M e worth of impressive of tenants who feel that there is a Nanine Finewear, one of the Gary of The Showro sa commercial space, reflecting feeling of excitement here. That it’s original tenants, always loved Showroom know the funky and cosmopolitan out the place to launch an innovative or the old, high ceilings and funky thing or two ab revival of Woodstock. Light Cit upmarket product or service. industrial feel of the building shoes ... Traditionally part of the GOOD STOCk and is naturally excited about the old meat-packing district, Nick from Stockhome, a custom transformation that has taken place. Archite an eclectic mix has been design kitchen company, says the For her, the space is a well-priced, lf created by combining the character of the building was the perfectly conceptualized creative Debbie is one ha original factory feel with key attraction to Buchannan Square. space – a visible and accessible of the creative duo behind The Best Models sexy, minimalist styling and They have noticed an increase in address with well-known landmarks the spaciousness of modern trade from people who choose to nearby Blind Company interiors. The best of the Blind Co pass that way, en route into town, due Inscape Design College feel their buildings’ raw, authentic to the shared profile of businesses new space at Buchanan Square design element s – like in the area. lends itself perfectly to creativity. As e, Nic of Stockhom home Su the steel doors, face brick Box Living furniture company educators in fields such as graphic n exterior and cobblestone were already in the area. Buchanan design, interior design, architectural a custom desig ny p athways – have b e en Square had all the attributes they drafting and interior decorating, their kitchen compa Meyer + retained and enhanced were looking for: great development, position couldn’t be better. to a l l ow m o r e n a t u r a l centrally situated on the Woodstock T h e s y m b i o t i c r e l at i o ns h i p light and capitalize on the W ith space s tar ting f rom a attracted a cluster of creative tenants Archite strip and neighbours whose nature between businesses in Buchanan spectacular views of Table r e a s o n a b l y p r i c e d R 7, 0 0 0/m 2 , who enjoy the community vibe of of business would compliment theirs. Square, and in the area on the Mountain, Signal Hill and compared with similarly renovated the complex. The Armour y, The Tristan from Box Living feels there whole, boosts the district in an For more information on Living Table Bay Harbour. office buildings in the area that are Hills and Buchanan Buildings make is a good energy about the place, unprecedented way. As for everyone re, commanding prices upwards of up Buchanan Square – 19,900m2 of and that it’s more exciting than in Buchanan Square, they just really, Buchanan Squa R10.000/m 2 Buchanan Square has contemporary workspace in total. town, especially from a creative, really like their neighbours. call Ivo Nestle on entrepreneurial aspect. 021 425 1000
  • 4. Design minded Zayd Minty, editor, Creative Cape Town supports and nurtures the Creative Cape Town Annual creative and knowledge Contents economy of the Central City of Cape Town. Its aim is to ensure 2010,The World Design that the Central City becomes a leading centre for knowledge, Capital Bid 2014 Issue innovation, creativity & culture in Africa & the South. In our inaugural Creative Cape Town Annual, of local designers. We also created the space for PUBLISHER & PAGE 08 / 01 WINNING THROUGH DESIGN CREATIVE DIRECTOR Lorelle Bell explains why this is important to all Capetonians published in 2009, we introduced you to our very cultural stakeholders in the Company’s Garden to Brendon Bell-Roberts active and creative Cape Town Central City. We find a common agenda. PAGE 30 / 02 WHAT’S REALLY GOING ON Is Cape Town a future-orientated city? By Edgar Pieterse sketched out Creative Cape Town’s decision to The city centre has seen ongoing growth of creative EDITOR place its key support behind design in the next eventing. Highlights so far this year include the Spier Zayd Minty PAGE 32 / 03 REIMAGINING THE fUTURE Mark Swilling talks about past problems and future choices few years with such lead projects as the East City Contemporary, which radically changed people’s Design Initiative and World Design Capital bid. We perceptions of the City Hall, bringing more than CREATIVE CAPE TOWN PAGE 34 / 04 THE cONTINENTAL cONTExT 10th Floor, Africa is a hotbed of socially responsible design. By Mugendi M’Rithaa recognised in our work the importance of design as 20,000 people to an exhibition of South African The Terraces, 34 Bree Street a cross cutting area of support to reach a wide range contemporary visual culture, over two months. Cape Town, 8001 PAGE 36 / 05 SOcIALLY cONScIOUS DESIGN T +27(0)21 419 1881 Architects are setting new standards in Cape Town of creative industries in the city. We showed too how We also saw the appointment of a dynamic new F +27(0)21 419 0894 this focus on design could build on the gains of the director for the Iziko South African National Gallery, E PAGE 40 / 06 OPEN AccESS cITY Andrew Boraine addresses the developmental challenges of the IRT massive infrastructure developments brought by the Riason Naidoo, and a new CEO for Iziko Museums, 2010 World Cup – not just changing the way we use Rooksana Omar. The wonderful Fugard Theatre PAGE 49 / 07 THE THINGS WE MAkE art southafrica Photographer Guto Bussab presents Cape Town’s flourishing creative economy the city, but also how we position the city to the world. opened in the East City and is the new home for ART SOUTH AFRICA MAGAZINE Importantly we suggested our local distinctiveness the theatre company Isango Portobello. The design P.O.Box 16067, Vlaeberg, 8018 PAGE 60 / 08 WHERE cREATIvE TALENT MEET T +27(0]21 465 9108 The Cape Town International Convention Centre. By Rashid Toefy is the strongest raw material we have in positioning store Church opened in the East City as did the Open f +27[0]86 656 931 us as a creative capital. Innovation Studios. The East City Design Initiative has E PAGE 62 / 09 HOME IS WHERE THE MUSIc IS Rashid Lombard on photography and the Cape Town International Jazz Fetival The response to the annual was brilliant, both from grown in significance and interest. Die Antwoord, a advertisers and readers. A total of 6,000 copies were sub-cultural music group became a global sensation CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE PAGE 66 / 10 cREATIvE cENTRAL No responsibility can be taken for the The East City neighbourhood is home to talented designers and entrepreneurs distributed free to creatives, politicians, the media courtesy of the “interweb” outperforming any South quality and accuracy of the reproductions, and business leaders. Delegates at the 2009 Loerie African band in history internationally. as this is dependent on the quality of the PAGE 68 / 11 INSPIRING INNOvATION material supplied. No responsibility can The Cape Craft & Design Institute and its love of the local. By Erica Elk Awards were the first to receive the annual. We have This year’s edition of the Creative Cape Town Annual be taken for typographical errors. The continued our relationship with this vibrant awards is dedicated to Cape Town’s bid for World Design publishers reserve the right to refuse and PAGE 70 / 12 NETWORkED INTELLIGENcE edit material. All prices and specifications Jenny McKinnell on Cape Town’s networked IT entrepreneurs event by not only launching the 2010 edition during Capital 2014. We launched our bid at this year’s are subject to change without notice. The the Loeries again, but creating a whole new event, Design Indaba, four months before the 2010 World opinions expressed in this publication are PAGE 72 / 13 GOLD REWARD not necessarily those of the publisher. The 32nd annual Loerie Awards. By Andrew Human Creative Week Cape Town, aimed at showcasing the Cup. We continued to work extensively behind the No responsibility will be taken for any creativity in the city. scenes prior to and during the World Cup, recognising decision made by the reader as a result PAGE 74 / 14 IMAGINE cITY HALL of such opinions. COPYRIGHT Creative Makeovers expose how the old City Hal as a vibrant cultural facility Since last year our work has grown in leaps and that the event’s success will spur people to look for Cape Town. All rights reserved. No part bounds. We now have a very popular Facebook more ways to keep inspired and connected in and of this publication may be reproduced PAGE 78 / 15 cREATIvE LEADERSHIP or transmitted in any form or by any Cape Town is a leading destination for creative students presence, a regular e-newsletter, a well-liked for the city. Win or lose, we believe the bid process means without written consent from the publisher. Creative Cape Town does creative clusters programme. Via the special edition itself will be highly beneficial, not just for the creative not accept responsibility for unsolicited PAGE 80 / 16 kNOWLEDGE SHARED IS kNOWLEDGE MULTIPLIED* material. ISSN-2075-5732 Finding a common voice for design in Cape Town. By Mel Hagen of City Views, focussed on Creative Week Cape Town, community but also to the city as a whole. We value we plan to reach many new audiences. Through your engagement with it. our work we helped foster the Cape Town Design Network, an organisation responsive to the needs Zayd Minty
  • 5. SAFE CLEAN CARING INFORMED THE CENTRAL CITY IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT: KEEPING THE CAPE TOWN CENTRAL CITY WHAT DOES THE CCID DO? management and The CCID offers safety and security, quality urban social development services to stakeholders in the Central City. 13% CCID 2009/2010 Budget Security R15,199,909 52% 8% Urban Management R 6,115,526 21% Social Development R 1,763,329 6% 6% Marketing & Events R 2,318,267 8% Operational Costs R 3,838,100 13% CITY VI TOTAL R29,235,131 100% 52% 21% C L EAN | SA F E EWS | CA R I NG CREATIVES Septemb er 2010 erk Straatw on ti habilita has job rects for men proje men. and wo 140 0 lts 021 425 ung adu drug n and yo ven’s Man y childre eets have severe than The Ha t the the str often visio e n is to g ome. living on problems. More from sh on ive h omeles 5 4700 addicti money they rece ir next “fix”. 021 42 not, the used to buy the READ OUR mestea d begging is that requests give The Ho sidential therefore MONTHLY prov ides re family The CCID of the public do not CITY VIEWS d care an r boys. n fo tegratio 461 7470 members handouts directl r y. offering news and views in 021 money o on the central city: Ons Pleal k 50 000 copies distributed sidenti pro vides re ertaking ile und ntral City throughout the city. care wh ation proces s t the Ce Contac ent District’s reunific for girls . rovem ment Imp Develop 4829 ) Social 021 465 (CCID’s nt for further e e. Departm n or assistanc Shop tio rpenters informa The Ca rehabilitation 082 928 386 2 s provide ices and skills | Dean 0113 serv r adults . 19 1881 2 t 021 4 -Rala 082 26 training fo 61 5508 Pa an Sira la 0112 0214 Headm ams 082 262 Willi n Institu te Mark rt nership Salesia Projects peto wnpa Youth , skills on educati on provide nd rehabilitati . ga uth trainin vulnerable yo 50 to 14 021 425
  • 6. Winning 01 through design Cape Town is bidding for World Design Capital 2014. Lorelle Bell explains why this is important to all Capetonians 01/DESIGNING CAPE TOWN When it comes to Cape Town there is a distinct difference between TOP The new Central Terminal Building of the Cape what visitors and even proud residents would choose in a show-and- International Airport opened on November 7, 2009. Rod Stevens of Blueprint Architects working together tell. Invariably it’s the iconic natural landscape that is reflected in the with a dynamic consulting team designed this key images. But it’s the experience of people – their diversity, warmth, gateway to Cape Town for the Airports Company of South Africa. fAcING PAGE An artistically remade generosity, hospitality and ingenuity – that get a mention. Hopefully, one zebra, part of the “Not All is Black and White” project impact of that big 2010 event will be that the world gets to appreciate held during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Each of the this city, this country and, in fact, this continent, not as a combination 33 zebras, placed strategically around the city, was inspired by a quote from Nelson Mandela. of exotic beauty spots, wild life and trouble, but as modern, urban and Photo: Anita van Zyl effective place in which people, rather than the big five, live. 010
  • 7. 01/DESIGNING CAPE TOWN vuvuzelas So the new images are of people – blowing , wearing makarapas, costumed in wigs, flags and oversized sunglasses, celebrating, mingling and enjoying themselves. And they’re doing this in urban spaces, in restaurants, pubs, public squares, whole city roads, using trains and buses. Whatever the impact of the FIFA World Cup, one result has been that citizens of Cape Town have been reintroduced to their city. But Cape Town, home to 3.4 million people, is – like many cities the world over – grappling with meeting the needs of a burgeoning urban population, together with creating an environment for the investment and business development needed to fuel the economic growth that must support them. Cities that work are sustainable ones, that prioritise people – their engagement with the city and their connection and ease of access to opportunities for work, services, education and cultural and leisure activities. Issues of proximity to these opportunities and public transport are therefore key; and densification, intensification of use and vibrant public spaces TOP The Grand Parade was the key are critical aspects of urban design and development. official fan park during the World Cup, with the Cape Town City Hall Apartheid social engineering turned Cape Town into a gaining iconic prominence in the sprawling city where the majority of citizens were (and still are) process. 560 000 people used this fan park to enjoy the soccer and an cut off from each other, from resources and opportunities. A entertainment programme. huge housing backlog, unemployment, poverty and unequal OPPOSITE It’s the fans that make access to education and health services are just some of the a World Cup special. Cape Town showed its party colours with locals challenges facing the city. and international fans turning up in large numbers to make and What, you may wonder, does this have to do with design? experience the vibe in the streets Everything really. Employing design thinking and processes of the city. First time visitors were inspired by the energy and warmth of in addressing Cape Town’s challenges is critical if we want to locals around the country. create a future city that is sustainable and fair. 12
  • 8. 01/WORLD DESIGN CAPITAL A project of the International Council for Societies of Industrial The Cape Town Stadium adds a new quality to the already iconic view of Cape Town with its spectacular location between Table Mountain and the Atlantic Ocean. The stadium was part of an extensive redevelopment of the city including Design (Icsid), a non-profit organisation that protects and the central Cape Town train station, public spaces, promotes the interests of the profession of industrial design, the bicycle lanes, highways, bridges, public art and a new bus rapid transport system. These projects World Design Capital initiative is a “city promotion project” that have left a significant legacy for citizens, making advances the value of design to cities. Recognising that more than the city centre a vibrant stage for future mega- events and positioning it as a must-experience half the world’s population now resides in urban areas, World destination. Photo of stadium on facing page: Bruce Sutherland, Design Capital aims to advance the use of design to address the challenges arising out of this increasing urbanisation. According to the organisers, design is “an increasingly fundamental tool in all levels of public and private development. For cities, design is at their very core and is leveraged in business, with citizens, as well as in government to make cities more attractive, more liveable and more efficient.” The future success of cities, they argue, “lies in the hands of those who plan, design and manage the shared spaces and functions of their city”. One of the mechanisms for acknowledging cities doing this is the conferral of World Design Capital status on a city. A biennial award, World Design Capital status is awarded to cities that are committed to using design in addressing challenges and implementing their vision for a future city. This status allows the designated city to showcase its design achievements and aspirations through a yearlong programme of design-led events and activities. The current recipient of the award is Seoul. World Design Capital is different from other design competitions which focus on specific design sectors in that it is explicitly awarded to cities that use design for their social, economic and cultural development. The bidding process for World Design Capital 2014 opens in the third quarter of 2010. In the first phase, bidding cities are required to submit an application detailing their city’s design assets, as well as their vision and plans for a future city. From these submissions two cities are shortlisted, the finalists then required to expand on their bid proposal. The second round judging process includes a visit by an Icsid panel. The winning city is announced two years before the yearlong programme of events begins. 14 15
  • 9. 01/COMPETITIVE EDGE TOP Cape Town is a major African hub for design, filled with great designers, design events, design education and support institutions, and publications. MIDDLE AND BOTTOM Award Cape Town is bidding for World Design Capital 2014. While winning architect, Carin Smuts has worked on a number of community centres throughout the province, such as the Dawid cities bidding for the prestigious award are not publicly Klaaste Multipurpose Centre (Lainsburg) and Guga S’Thebe announced, it is understood that Bilbao is bidding along with Arts Centre in Langa. fAcING PAGE TOP The Cape Town Klopse Carnival is a unique a number of Chinese cities. Cape Town, which hopes to clinch city festival arising from the period of slavery and the creolized history of the city. It is a well loved working class celebration of the 2014 award, has neither the obvious design assets of a the city with its own unique music, fashion and performance. Photo: Jacques Marais Bilbao nor the budget of China. fAcING PAGE BOTTOM Luyanda Mphalwa’s low cost housing It strengths, however, are numerous and include the city’s design solutions show what’s possible when design meets social responsibility. His beautiful, award winning design proposals for unique locality, set against a national park, and the distinction a more dignified “RDP” home uses sustainable technology. Photo: Guto Bussab of being cupped between two national heritage sites: the iconic Table Mountain frames Cape Town, while Robben Island, symbol of South African political resistance, lies just offshore. Cape Town’s culturally diverse population, a blend of many cultures, including a diverse indigenous population, the progeny of slaves from African colonies, South East Asia, India and European immigrants, gives the city its rich creolised character. The city’s food, music, dance and language reflect this rich variety – as does Cape Town’s wealth of good designers and designs. The CBD alone is home to more than a thousand creative industry enterprises, nearly a half of which are design- related. They include large architecture and urban design practices, advertising agencies and IT companies, as well as smaller enterprises like fashion, jewellery and surface designers. The leading-edge design conference and expo, Design Indaba, has been held annually in Cape Town for the past 14 years and the annual Toffie Popular Culture Festival, launched in 2009, offers workshops on a wide range of design disciplines. Many Cape Town designers have been awarded numerous global design awards, notably the architects Luyanda Mpahlwa, winner of the Curry Stone Design Prize for his 10x10 low-cost housing solution, and Carin Smuts, winner of the 2008 Global Award for Sustainable Architecture; and the team of industrial designer Philip Goodwin, electronics designer Stefan Zwahlen and project leader John Hutchinson, who won the Index Design Award for the Freeplay Fetal Heart Rate Monitor. Local environmental design is also having an impact. The Green Goal programme, which helped offset the World Cup’s carbon footprint, has been widely acclaimed. At the same time a locally designed electric car, the Joule, is ready to go into production. So we do have design to share. But, more importantly, the city has a compelling story to tell, particularly in how it is using design to overcome the huge challenges caused by apartheid. 16 17
  • 10. A series of photos taken in the 1950’s and 60’s hark back to a period when the city centre had an active public culture. District Six was the epitome of energy, culturally rich with a dense cosmopolitan ecosystem 01/THE STORY containing all the elements of a good city: pedestrian friendly, vibrant public spaces and cultural institutions and well used public transport. TOP “Fairyland” by Cloete Breytenbach. Courtesy of the District Six OF CAPE TOWN Museum. BOTTOM “The British Cinema” by Jansjie Wissema. Courtesy of the District Six Museum. fAcING PAGE “Boy on Bus” by Cloete Breytenbach. Courtesy of the District Six Museum 2014 is a landmark year in South Africa’s history, marking two decades of democracy. Apartheid was designed to divide. The story of Cape Town since 1994 has been about learning to reconnect. At the turn of the twentieth century, Cape Town was a relatively contained port city with a diverse population of just over 100,000, mainly residing between Table Mountain and the sea. The Grand Parade – a public space located virtually in the centre of the early city – was the place where Capetonians gathered to celebrate, do business, sometimes even protest. With the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910, huge buildings began to be added to the landscape as the city’s status as provincial and legislative capital grew. In addition, Cape Town’s profile as the country’s cultural centre was reflected in the opening (in 1930) of the South African National Gallery in the Company’s Garden. While racial segregation and discrimination were already promoted by national government, the city remained a relative melting pot. District Six (the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town), perched just above and to the east of the central city, within sight of the docks, symbolised this diversity. Settled in the 1800s by a mixed community of freed slaves, merchants, immigrants and labourers, the area’s population expanded with migrants escaping rural poverty, until it was home to about ten percent of the city’s population. Its dense, vibrant, culturally rich mix of races, languages and religions gave District Six its cosmopolitan character. Cape Town’s own version of jazz – modelled after the musical traditions of Africa rather than America – has its roots here, as do many renowned writers, educationists, political activists and artists. Sports clubs, community centres, places of worship for different religions, schools and many small businesses provided for the needs of this diverse community. As white South Africans grew more affluent, benefiting from the unfair labour policies promoting their interests – in 1947, a local bylaw placed the onus on Cape Town employers to pay for repatriating black South Africans when their work contracts expired, 18
  • 11. fAcING PAGE TOPP19 The school programme at the Lwandle Migrant Museum in Somerset West tells the story of black exclusion in the Cape. fAcING PAGE MIDDLE A public art piece by Berni Searle (2000) speaks to the complex space people of mixed descent inhabited during apartheid. In particular it talks to some of the difficult politics in the Cape, which often sets it apart from other South African provinces. Photo by Nick Aldridge fAcING PAGE BOTTOM A kinetic public art piece by Kevin Brand on the desolate windswept landscape of contemporary District Six, originally part of the District Six Sculpture Festival (1997). The work refers to the extreme loss experienced by former residents, who were forcibly removed to poorly serviced dormitory suburbs outside of the city, while their beloved District Six was reduced to rubble. Courtesy of District Six Museum. THIS PAGE TOP AND BOTTOM LEfT The Athlone Towers, detonated on August 22, 2010, became an alternative icon for people from the Cape Flats. It was this industrial feature, rather than Table Mountain, which gave the area its defining feature. It’s importance for the Cape Flats was recognized in the logo of an important arts festival in 1986, which was banned by apartheid authorities. Design by Gaby Cheminais. THIS PAGE BOTTOM RIGHTAfrikaaps! Afrikaans as claimed back by people of colour has found fresh resonances in Cape Town’s positive brand of Hip Hop. Photo courtesy of Dylan Vally. effectively discouraging their employment in the city – their social status decreased and they started moving out of the crowded, integrated inner-city. Residential segregation became a feature of Cape Town and the city’s solution to its lack of housing was to develop sub-economic housing on the Cape Flats strictly along racial lines. While racial prejudice was already deeply rooted in the colonial-era town planning, the twentieth century saw this prejudice enacted into law. As far back as the 1920s, black South African men were designated guest workers in urban areas. Town planning laws reinforced this system: a 1937 law prevented black South Africans from buying land except from other so-called “Africans”; hostels (as opposed to homes) catering for male workers were erected in the township of Langa in 1948. The net outcome of this programme of discrimination denied black South Africans an opportunity to live and work in the city. Life for non-white families historically resident in Cape Town became equally miserable, residents of mixed-race neighbourhoods like District Six banished to the urban fringe. In 1966 District Six was declared a white neighbourhood in terms of the Group Areas Act. Residents were forced from their homes, their homes bulldozed and their lives all but erased. The reasons provided by government for the removals were that the area was a slum, crime, prostitution, gambling and alcoholism rendering it dangerous. Most residents believed that the reason for their removal was the land’s value, being close to the CBD, the harbour and the mountain. All counted, about 150,000 people, including 60,000 residents of District Six, were forced out of the central city, causing wholesale destruction of areas and communities. Ironically, the area was never developed for whites and remained a stark, empty scar on the landscape for about 30 years. The only development was the contested construction of the Cape Technikon, now the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT). 20 21
  • 12. TOP Until the 1950’s the city was still comfortably connected to the sea. The much- loved boardwalk played an important role in the lives of citizens and the city had a sense of scale and density that made it socially rich and economically viable. MIDDLE In the 1960’s transport planners devised what would later become known as “Solly’s Folly”, building part of a ring road that was planned to go around the city, effectively cutting the city off from the sea. The project was never completed, but it signalled a long period of preference for cars over pedestrians. BOTTOM By the 1970’s a series of modernist buildings, many in the “brutalist” style, often government buildings, were completed. This started a trend that would continue into the 1990’s, of architecture that turned its back on people. Together with underinvestment in public space and with many Capetonians moving to suburbs, the city centre lost much of its earlier vibrancy. fAcING PAGE TOP A historical photo of the connection of city to sea, which was destroyed shortly after this picture was taken. By 1950 the foreshore had been reclaimed from the sea leaving a large empty tract of land on which the foreshore highways would be built. BOTTOM AND RIGHT Today Cape 01/DISCONNECTED CITY Town is reclaiming common ground: new public spaces have been created, or old ones revived, public art commissioned and During high apartheid (1948-1989) segregation became more sidewalks extended. An urban park extreme and municipal housing schemes were located further is in development around the Cape Town stadium. A beautification from white residential areas and separated from those of other project in Long Street has seen storeowners customising newly race groups by industrial areas, railway lines and greenbelts. installed pot plants by the CCID. While these developments decoupled people of different races A new public art piece by Gavin Younge, entitled Olduvai, stands from each other, modernisation and industrialisation were in outside an extension to the CTICC. the process of influencing the city’s development in a way that also disconnected people from the central city. Modern ships being larger, the docks required expansion and plans to reclaim land from the foreshore went ahead, releasing land for development. This land could have helped realise an earlier vision of the urban design of the city – one of the sea being connected visually through wide boulevards to the parliamentary precinct, and Table Mountain beyond. Instead, an increase in the number of motor vehicles and the need for more roads took precedence, and the city’s foreshore area became a mess of car parks, broad roads and overpasses, cutting off the city from the sea and resulting in it being virtually inaccessible to pedestrians. The interpretation of modern architecture – seen in the design of buildings like the Civic Centre and the Reserve Bank, which stood closed off from the streets – served to dehumanise the city further. If well-designed buildings are meant to make a positive impact on their environment and the surrounding community, this trend in architecture achieved the reverse. A once vibrant city, Cape Town closed in on itself, shutting out its citizens and encouraging decay, crime and degeneration. 22
  • 13. 01/RECONNECTING THE CITY Political opposition to apartheid reached its zenith in the 1980s and Cape Town’s streets once again rang to the sounds of voices and footsteps as Capetonians reclaimed the city in political marches, masses and mass meetings. Fitting then, that when Nelson Mandela was released, it was on the Grand Parade that tens of thousands of residents gathered to greet him at his first public appearance. Bounded by the City Hall, the Castle and the Cape Town railway station, the Grand Parade’s significance as the centre of public life 01 in Cape Town had been in decline and the space was used mainly for parking and market stalls trading in a miscellany of goods. This trend continued during the 1990s and it was only recently that the Grand Parade was upgraded and successfully used as Cape Town’s official FIFA Fan Fest during the World Cup. There are now plans to revitalise this public space, restoring it for the use of everyone. For the past decade the inner city itself has been the centre of a major regeneration project, driven and funded by a private/public partnership. While the Cape Town Partnership facilitates strategic collaboration that has brought development and investment to the city, its operational arm, the Central City Improvement fAcING PAGE TOP A historic image of the City Hall, which looks out over the busy Grand Parade, home to the oldest running markets in the country. fAcING PAGE MIDDLE A crowd assembled on Strand Street for the Cape Town Peace March, September 13, 1989. Photo by Eric Miller. This important moment, District, has created a safe, clean environment. led by key civic and religious personalities, brought people of difference together as one, in the face of a crumbling apartheid state. It resulted in similar marches The restoration of District Six to its historic claimants happening throughout the country heralding the beginning of political change in the country. fAcING PAGE BOTTOM 38 Special Café is one of a number of cafes in the planned design and informatics innovation hub in the East City. Cafes and bars provide the meeting place of the new creative class developing in Cape Town. and redevelopment of the area is underway, albeit TOP Nelson Mandela delivers his first public speech in 27 years on the day of his release, City Hall, Grand Parade, Cape Town, February 11, 1990. Photo by Chris Ledochowski BOTTOM LEfT The struggle for rights continues in the new South Africa. Despite massive changes, there are still major challenges to be addressed: painstakingly slowly and beset with political challenges. equal education, housing and massive unemployment are key issues. BOTTOM RIGHT Cape Town has a high population of young people, with more than half the The area linking it to the Central City is, however, population under the age of 30, and 27% under 14 (Census 2001). The role and involvement of young people in the city’s development is thus essential. Here youth commemorate the Soweto uprising during the World Cup. enjoying a rapid reawakening. The East City, as it’s called, is occupied by an increasing number of creative industry enterprises, as well as artists, musicians and writers, and theatres, coffee shops and restaurants – reprising the precinct’s role as the centre of creativity in the city. This is also where the East City Design Initiative is planned, an innovation hub focused on design and ICT that will provide the space and impetus for those in creative industries to benefit from the growing knowledge economy. What was once the Cape Technikon is now a campus of the Cape Peninsula University of Technology where the unique Faculty of Informatics and Design promotes socially conscious design, and staff and students collaborate with communities to find design solutions to social challenges. 24 25
  • 14. 01/RECONNECTING THE CITY The Dignified Spaces programme of the City of Cape Town has created new public spaces in previously under-resourced suburbs (townships) around the city including developments around transit malls, government services buildings and in a number of instances commemorating important historical Woodstock and Salt River were once at the centre of the (now ailing) textile moments in these areas. industry.Photos by Yasser Booley. Today it is the studio and manufacturing spaces Service Centres and Pay of furniture designers like Pedersen and Lennard, fashion designers like Darkie Points in Khayelitsha, (2002), and design stores and galleries like Art South Africa and Blank Projects. by Piet Louw Architects, are part of the dignified spaces programme. For decades the clothing and textile sector, with a base in the suburbs of Salt River and Woodstock, was a robust industry and a major contributor to the Cape Town economy. When this failed, the area degenerated. But, like many cities worldwide that have used design to revive locales, this precinct is experiencing a process of regeneration, led in large part by the presence of designers and design-related businesses. Furniture designers Pedersen+Lennard and Haldane Martin, lighting designers Heath Nash and Brett Murray, fashion design company Darkie Clothing all have studios here. The area has also witnessed a proliferation of art galleries, advertising agencies and design shops. In the old clothing and textile district, a cosmopolitan environment has arisen, where design and lifestyle are key elements of its character. Cape Town is a city with a cosmopolitan offering of art, culture, entertainment and leisure, adding another string to Cape Town’s marketing bow as a destination. Cape Town has also recently benefited from the beginnings of an Integrated Rapid Transport (IRT) system. A network of road, rail, pedestrian walkways and bicycle paths, it has the potential of connecting people and giving them greater access to different areas, resources and opportunities. Through the application of design, the IRT could potentially unleash sustainable, economic development and densification in the nodes surrounding stations. Beyond the central city, there have been other initiatives that reflect Cape Town’s commitment to addressing the fragmentation of its layout. The municipality’s Dignified Places Programme is one example and aims to create positive, inspiring, safe spaces in the most under-resourced areas of the city for people to meet, trade and relax. 26 27
  • 15. 01/WHY IS CAPE TOWN BIDDING? Cape Town needs to get better at communicating its design assets and achievements and sharing its design know-how so that best practices can be replicated. Bidding for World Design Capital can help it communicate design innovations. Cape Town already has an extensive range of great designers and design assets (product and graphic designs, film and television animation, advertisements, THIS PAGE Cape Town is a premier events destination. Some of the highlights in the furniture, jewellery, ceramics, fabrics and clothing). The city also has a calendar last year include The Spier Contemporary 2010, Design Indaba, The Cape Creative of major events such as Design Indaba, the Cape Town International Jazz Festival Exhibition with Fringe Arts, Cape Town and the Loeries, an annual award scheme for the advertising industry. International Jazz Festival, Switching on of the City Lights and The Loerie Awards. A number of winners of international design competitions are from Cape Town. Photos: Anita van Zyl, Jacques Marais, Shaen Adey Organisations like Cape Craft and Design Institute (CCDI) and Bandwidth Barn, fAcING PAGE TOP LEfT A CCDI City and programmes like Creative Cape Town are committed to design thinking that Sculpture piece. Photo Anthea Davison. TOP RIGHT Products from the Fringe unlocks potential. Arts pop-up shop. MIDDLE LEfT Anatomy Design stand, Design Indaba. MIDDLE World Design Capital will provide the city with the opportunity to showcase its RIGHT Cape Town is a hub for music and design assets and design savvy to the world. the performing arts. Die Antwoord is a new international music sensation from the city. Most importantly, the award can assist Cape Town in getting design into the BOTTOM LEfT AND RIGHT The District Six Museum’s Offside exhibition dealt with public domain, and in mobilising the city around using design for social change. racism in soccer. 28
  • 16. fAcING PAGE A street art project by acclaimed artist Faith47 talks to the extreme imbalances in the contemporary South Africa by evoking the 01/ABOUT DESIGN Freedom Charter, a publicly developed manifesto from 1955, against the backdrop of poverty. Photo by Rowan Pybus. BELOW Cape Town’s World Design Capital bid could help the city fast Unfortunately, locally, design has come to be associated almost exclusively with its aesthetic qualities track some of its many forward thinking projects, including the proposed eco-village for Oudemoelen, the innovation hub planned in the East City, and is often equated with elitist, consumerist and expensive, irrelevant things. Instead, it should be the Bellville Science Park, or the cruise liner terminal in the harbour. understood in terms of its solution-finding, problem-solving, transformative potential, and therein lies the heart of Cape Town’s bid. In an emerging society like ours, this potential is critical. Design understanding and skills can help Cape Town to address challenges created by its past and enhance the standard of living for everyone into the future. Design begins with a problem, the interrogation and understanding of this problem, and then proceeds to the development of ideas and processes, as well as evaluation of these, with a view to solving the problem. Take for example some design innovations in the health sector. In South Africa, where cervical cancer is responsible for 25% of cancer deaths among black South African women, Pap smears are expensive. There is also no public Pap smear programme. Professor Lynn Denny, head of the Gynaecological Oncology unit at the University of Cape Town, has designed a cheap, low-tech alternative used to screen for cervical cancer at clinics in under-resourced communities. Nurses use acetic acid swabs, which cause abnormalities in the cervix to show up white, and abnormalities are then treated by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. The alternative is no treatment at all. With a vaccine still several years away, this method saves lives. Another example that draws from knowhow developed in under-resourced communities derives from the high incidence of diseases like TB and HIV in these neighbourhoods. The IT department in CPUT’s Faculty of Informatics and Design has been working with community- and home-based health carers to develop a programme of support for health care workers. Using cell phone technology, the students have developed and tested a programme that helps health practitioners to access support and information to assist them in their work. There is a lesson in this for all forward thinking Capetonians interested in living in a better-designed future. Design is not necessarily an activity confined to the “lifestyle design” disciplines. It is about more than sleek, tactile home products or cleverly conceived buildings. Design is fundamentally about identifying the most effective, efficient, appropriate, and broadly applicable solutions, whether they are products, systems or services. The message is simple: a commitment to design, and design knowledge and training, which the award of World Design Capital offers, will benefit us all. Lorelle Bell is the World Design capital coordinator at cape Town Partnership 30 31
  • 17. What’s 02 really going on Is Cape Town adapted to be a dynamic future-orientated city? Sean O’Toole explains why Edgar Pieterse might just know the answer Earlier this year, bookshops around the country started the city’s residents, who are excluded from the formal displaying a bright yellow hardcover book. To read its title, economy and must rely on substandard public services you had to tilt your head sideways. Counter-Currents, and their own makeshift shelters.” declared the book’s shocking pink lettering. Make no mistake, Pieterse, a former policy advisor in the The first major book to emerge from the African Centre Office of the Premier of the Western Cape (2004-07) and for Cities (ACC), a newly formed inter-disciplinary currently the holder of the NRF South African Research research centre based at the University of Cape Town and Chair in Urban Policy, is no Afro-pessimist. If anything, he focused on the discipline of urban development, Counter- is a philosophical pragmatist with a deep-seated interest Currents was conceived by its editor, Edgar Pieterse, in understanding the mechanics of Cape Town and its as an experimental “catalogue of ideas”. It also treated relationship to other African cities. Unafraid of theory, Cape Town as a laboratory for new thinking about African he is nonetheless motivated to produce scholarship urbanism and showcased a range of “policies, dreams, that will bring about “meaningful policy discourses and ambitions, critiques, philosophies and learning”. interventions”. Justice, openness and accessibility are The book’s deductive mode of reasoning makes for central to his vision of a future Cape Town. engaging reading. More than this, it also offers a useful “It is a myth to think you can innovate in a technical urban insight into its editor. A committed urbanist, Pieterse, development field in Africa without a direct engagement who took up office at the ACC in August 2007, is a prolific with the people who are meant to benefit from it,” he told author and agile thinker with wide-ranging appetites. architect Kerwin Datu in March. Pieterse, who holds a A warm conversationalist, when his busy schedule allows PhD in Urban Studies from London School of Economics, for a meeting, his research interests include fashioning was in Rio de Janeiro at the time. (He moderated a session an appropriate language to think and speak about the at the World Urban Forum.) specifics of African urbanism; regional development “If we can get a fine-grained understanding of how people policy; and, somewhat uniquely for a scholar, the visual in real terms in actual places navigate and practice the representations of African cities. More plainly put, one city in usually contradictory ways,” this action-orientated could say that Pieterse is critically engaged thinker thinker stated, “then we can begin to produce a new actively re-imagining Cape Town. language, necessarily theoretical, which can get us closer Criticism is an important part of his method. Despite to understanding what is really going on.” It is this sort its sexy packaging, Counter-Currents doesn’t shy away of deep looking that makes Pieterse and the ACC such from highlighting some of the key dilemmas facing a vital contributor to the ongoing debate around Cape contemporary Cape Town. Town’s long-term growth as a city founded on sustainable “The City of Cape Town is heading for disaster and is thinking and action. already in deep crisis if one cares to look close enough,” offers Pieterse in his introduction. “It is manifested most fAcING PAGE Leisure Time: a billboard in Langa by artist Donovan Ward for starkly in the dire situation that faces the majority of the public art project, Returning the Gaze (2000). Photo: Nic Aldridge 32
  • 18. Reimagining 03 the future We tend to blame our problems on development, inequality and history, argues Mark Swilling, but we forget that we have choices about the future. By Sean O’Toole “Sustainability needs to be firmly grounded in the nitty- provincial context that is overwhelmingly urbanised.” gritty details of design,” writes the pioneering eco-architect Unlike other provinces, the Western Cape is also not Sim van der Ryn in his 1996 book, Ecological Design. Van heavily reliant on resource extraction and its capital, Cape der Ryn’s thinking, which places design at the centre of Town, has an economy that is an agglomeration of small sustainability debates, struck a chord with Mark Swilling and medium enterprises. While unemployment is lower in when he first encountered it. Cape Town than elsewhere, literacy rates and per capita Speaking at a symposium to discuss the East City internet penetration are higher. Cape Town also has the Design Initiative in May, Swilling, a professor and highest rate of basic service connections in country. division head in sustainable development at the School “You have quite an interesting possibility,” said Swilling. “It of Public Management and Planning at the University of is an interesting space to think of making design innovation Stellenbosch, reiterated Van der Ryn’s arguments for the central to our focus.” benefit of his audience. After briefly reviewing initiatives like ECDI and discussing “He has a very significant statement in the introduction the provincial government’s willingness to be “a game to the book,” offered Swilling. “Paraphrased: the crisis changer” in the field of innovation, he concluded that Cape of sustainability is actually a design crisis. Why this word Town was confronted with the need for higher levels of design is so central, not just to dealing with the challenge collaboration. “Are we up to that?” he wondered. All the of sustainability, but to sustainable development in general, indicators suggest yes. is that it marks out a space that is often ignored. We tend to blame our problems on development, on inequality, on history, but we forget that we do have choices about the future, and those choices lie in design.” Central to Swilling’s arguments, which view the challenges facing Cape Town in global macro-economic terms, is the thought that we are faced with the need to re-imagine the world in which we live in very fundamental ways. “This reimagining,” he said, “which is already taking place, is resulting in fundamental redirections in massive investment flows, public and private, around the world, leading to a reconfiguration of cities as we know and understand them.” Swilling, who completed his Ph.D. at the University of Warwick where he is a senior research fellow, argues that fAcING PAGE TOP Blue Line, by Strijdom van der Merwe and AAW Art Cape Town, particularly, is faced with a historic mission. Project Management, is a proposed land art project for Cape Town to mark the extent of the city which would be under water should the sea How so? levels rise with global warming fAcING PAGE BOTTOM The Reclaim Camissa initiative seeks to revive the city’s damaged ecosystem and “Cape Town has an interesting economy if you look at it its associated cultural connections. It plans to raise above ground closely,” he stated. “It is quite different from many of the the tributaries from Table Mountain, which have been sunken in underground tunnels and through which vast quantities of scarce city economies in South Africa and Africa. It sits inside a fresh water are lost into the sea. 34
  • 19. The 04 continental context Africa, with its large and youthful population, is a potential hotbed of socially responsible design, says Mugendi M’Rithaa Where is the future of design internationally? What should be the role of designers in Africa in the face of challenges such as poverty, unemployment The global trends point towards more engaged and and infrastructural deficits? empathic expressions of design. Previously, society tended to view designers as being elitist in nature. In With a population of about 900 million, Africa is a vast Given what you’ve said, are there any designers many such instances, designers were indeed part of the territory that is second only to Asia in both geographic making a difference in cape Town? problem, so to speak, as their practice was detached and population size, with about three times the from the day-to-day socio-economic and geopolitical landmass of Europe. Designers on our continent need There are many examples of designers (an inclusive realities that the vast majority of people related to. to focus on the needs of a predominantly youthful definition that incorporates various creative Current trends point towards socially responsible population with exceptionally high unemployment rates disciplines) active in socially responsible design design, wherein a co-design approach (between and other pressing challenges associated with this initiatives and activities and thus making a difference. designers and potential end-users) is adopted as a reality. Context-responsive solutions should preferably These include fashion and surface designers working more pragmatic stance in matters affecting the majority absorb the surplus labour available and employ with inmates, the elderly and people living with HIV/ of humanity (or the “other 90%”, as some have called participatory design approaches that take cognisance of AIDS; product designers helping equip artisans for this segment of our population). Socially responsible the aspirations of the youth. One cannot be prescriptive informal furniture production; graphic designers design is also viewed as a more contemporary attempt in any sense, as the process of engagement will reveal lending their talents to socially conscious campaigns; to operationalise and compliment corporate social the priority areas (such as job creation, vocational architects co-designing affordable dignifying responsibility (and investment) initiatives as they relate up-skilling and microfinance support). Sustainable dwellings; as well as information technology to commerce and industry. strategies would of necessity engage with the youth practitioners helping in the rehabilitation of former and support their participation in matters affecting gangsters, drug addicts and other members of Tell us more about service design. their lives. Proactive and progressive designers on communities in tension. These kinds of activities our continent need to observe and listen to those who best illustrate the power of design thinking in diverse Service design is an emerging field that seeks to experience the challenges on a regular basis – only then settings. My hope is that the World Design Capital improve the user experience in the use and delivery of can any forthcoming solutions be truly sustainable and 2014 bid process will help Cape Town showcase services within the traditional product-service system beneficial to the continent’s denizens. these and other promising examples of what design (PSS) model. The reality is that the focus is less on could do for our city given the right support, exposure products as tangible outputs of the design process, and investment in social capital. We need to tap into and more on the non-tangible notions such as user- Cape Town’s latent creative spirit to fuel the city’s satisfaction and enjoyment resulting from interaction fAcING PAGE The Violence Prevention through Urban Upgrading collective vision for a truly sustainable future. between key elements within the PSS domain. Service (VPUU) is a community participation planning model using urban upgrades to reduce crime and engage communities in developing design is particularly relevant to the need for enhancing neighbourhood cohesion. It has seen significant successes in Mugendi M’Ritha is a senior lecturer in the Department of service delivery by various agencies and engenders a Khayelitsha. TOP LEfT AND RIGHT Dibanisa Iistapho Hostels to Industrial Design, faculty of Informatics & Design, cape Home Project: Langa, Guguletu, Nyanga by Architects Associated multi-disciplinary set of actors including those from the BOTTOM Tsai Design Studio’s award winning Nested Bed Bunk is a Peninsula University of Technology and a member of the space conscious design solution aimed at low income families and World Design capital Bid committee fields of planning, information technology and traditional orphanages. Photo: Guto Bussab design disciplines. 36
  • 20. Socially 05 conscious design Cape Town architects are setting new standards for people centred design and environmentally responsible architecture fAcING PAGE The Fugard Theatre is part of the District Six Museum’s Sacks Futeran Complex /Homecoming Centre, a redevelopment designed by Rennie Scurr and Adendorf Architects. Five heritage warehouse spaces and a church have been transformed into a mixed use development including the theatre, rehearsal space, exhibition spaces, shop, cafe and offices. Photo: Timmy Henny THIS PAGE Makeka Design Studios design for the Retreat Railway Police Station breaks from the traditional design of police stations, creating something dignified and beautiful. 38 39
  • 21. 05/SOCIALLY CONSCIOUS DESIGN As leaders in innovation, education and technology, CPUT is seriously into skilling students for the modern workforce. By balancing theoretical knowledge and practical experience, our six TOP LEfT The SA BP Head Office building by KrugerRoos, leading faculties have put Joshua Conrad Architects and Green by Design, exemplifies environmentally responsible architecture in Cape Town. thousands of graduates on the TOP RIGHT AND BELLOW Inkwenkwezi Secondary School by Noero Wolff Architects in association with Sonja Spamer Architect. Photos by Dave Southwood path to professional success. We’re in the business of creating futures. Who better to trust with yours? Zara is seriously into her future So are we! Applied Sciences Business Education & Social Sciences 38037 ADMAKERS.COM Engineering Health & Wellness Informatics & Design 40 41
  • 22. Open 06 fAcING PAGE TOP AND BOTTOM The fan walk to the Cape Town Stadium, along newly designed pedestrian routes, access attracted hundreds of thousands of people during the 2010 World Cup atmosphere. THIS PAGE The My Citi Bus service is an ambitious project that will offer full service throughout the city by 2030. Photo: Jacques Marais city The Integrated Rapid Transit System is an example of how good design thinking can help Cape Town address its developmental challenges, writes Andrew Boraine The 2010 FIFA World Cup has left South Africans with two types of legacies: physical and attitudinal. On the physical side, Cape Town has gained R14 billion of infrastructure, mainly relating to improved transport systems. This includes the upgrade of the airport, railway stations and highway intersections. In particular, we have been able to fast-track the implementation of an Integrated Rapid Transit System (IRTS), or MyCiTi. The IRTS is a twenty-year programme to bring reliable public transport within reach of all communities in Cape Town, to improve access and mobility. The expansion of the IRTS, and parallel improvements to the existing commuter rail system, carries with it the potential of transit-led development. In future, if public authorities can better align public transport routes with human settlements planning (in particular, well-located affordable housing) and more strategic land use management, there will be an opportunity to promote appropriate densification, more intensive economic development and a more compact city, which in turn will support more sustainable public transport systems. These issues will no doubt be debated in the City of Cape Town’s forthcoming City Development Strategy (CDS) process. The second World Cup legacy relates to changing perceptions and attitudes, both of locals and visitors. Some of the global stereotypes towards Africa have been challenged. More importantly, we have increased our local self belief – that we can think big, meet deadlines, and work together for a common purpose. When asked about their experience of Cape Town during the World Cup, many visitors responded that they enjoyed being able to walk the streets freely and explore the city. They also commented on the open welcome they received from Capetonians. It makes sense therefore to adjust our tourism marketing message, which for years has focused almost entirely on promoting our natural environment. Instead of the traditional focus on “escape from the city”, the new message needs to rather be, “engage with the city and its people”. Similarly, many locals experienced the World Cup on the streets of the central city – on the Fan Walk, in the FIFA Fan Fest on the Grand Parade, in upper Long Street and various other public spaces. Instead of driving to the stadium and trying to find parking, many spectators used public transport (and enjoyed it) and walked through the city at night (and enjoyed it). 42
  • 23. The challenge now is to ensure that this exceptional This can be easily and relatively inexpensively reinforced experience becomes the norm. A truly liveable city is through an ongoing programme of “dressing the city” one where it is normal to walk (or cycle), to use public with murals, tree-wraps, flags and lights, creative use transport more than private motor vehicles, to be on of outdoor advertising and more spaces for markets and the streets at night, to have safe spaces for families and public art. teenagers. This implies, amongst other things, a greater Good design can enhance many of the above strategies. focus in future on continuously promoting, developing, Cape Town is bidding for the title of World Design Capital managing and maintaining public spaces and pedestrian in 2014, not because we need more stuff (however well- routes in our city. In turn, this can reinforce our ability to designed) but because good design thinking can help us increase the number of economic, sporting and business address many of the developmental challenges facing events in the city to support higher levels of socio- our city. economic development. A city events strategy will work if it is based on local Andrew Boraine is chief Executive of cape Town Partnership participation as well as enhancing the visitor experience and promoting the Cape Town brand. This can be done if future events are based more on park-and-ride schemes, public transport and the use of public spaces and walkways, and not just traffic services and parking arrangements for private cars. Cape Town’s central city itself has a specific role to play in a future city events strategy. With its various public venues (Cape Town International Convention Centre, Greenpoint Stadium, Artscape, City Hall, Good Hope Centre amongst them), public spaces (Green Point Urban Park, Grand Parade, Greenmarket Square, Artscape Piazza, Station TOP LEfT Passengers on the The My Citi Bus service. fAcING PAGE TOP An initiative to introduce pedi-cabs into Cape Square, St Andrew’s Square and so on), easy access Town has created new jobs and is part of the city’s aims to place through pedestrian- and cycle-friendly routes and the greater emphasis on non-motorised transport and includes new bicycle lanes. TOP RIGHTAND fAcING PAGE BOTTOM The proposed new MyCiTi inner city transport system, proximity innovative decoration of public space during the World Cup set new standards for public art. fOLLOWING THREE PAGES Artworks for to a range of types of accommodation and to retail and the Cape Town International Airport by artist Sue Williamson, at entertainment activity zones (including upper Long Street, the Cape Town Stadium by Lovell Friedman and the main IRT terminus in the Heerengracht by Julia Anastasopoulos. Artworks Green Point’s Main Road, V&A Waterfront), the central city curated by Roger Van Wyk and Lerato Berang for ARG Design. provides a natural arena to stage large events. 44 45
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  • 26. The 07 www. things we make From carbon conscious electric cars to energy efficient low-income housing and desirable lighting, Cape Town’s creative economy is flourishing. Fifteen Capetonians, twenty products, one common vision: make it good, really good. “port jackson wood memory stick” Photographer Guto Bussab design Digital manipulation Muti Films Art direction Silke Eckard Styling Silke Eckard and Leigh Bussab casting My Friend Ned Wardrobe Annie’s wardrobe www. 51
  • 27. “coke man” public sulpture built with crates by porky hefer “this is how we do it” nando’s poster design by the president model kerry @ my friend ned
  • 28. “nest” adult tree house by porky hefer “joule” electric car by optimal energy models mavuso and lauren @ my friend ned various graffiti art projects by faith 47
  • 29. ‘three stories” adidas brand activation by word of art jewellery by olive green cat apron by skinny laminx music by die antwoord “woosh” 4 seconds condom and “wind-up radio” by design models lauren, chevon and andy @ my friend ned
  • 30. coffee table and lamp by ? cushions lamp shades by skinnylaminx heath nash by “coloureds” comic book by ? model lauren @ my friend ned “the plyable table” birch plywood table by gregor jenkin “cloud bird” cushions by skinnylaminx “coloureds” comic book by trantraal brothers models lauren and marcelle @ my friend ned “it’s beautiful here” hanger by heath nash “side table and twist” table and side lamp by chad petersen 58
  • 31. “ganesha“ art object by am i collective “10 x10” low cost housing project by luyanda mphalwa models andy and lucio @ my friend ned “baba papa“ lounger by haldane martin
  • 32. Where 08 creative talent meet The Cape Town International Convention Centre offers a platform for businesses to demonstrate creativity in the way they operate, says Rashid Toefy The cTIcc hosts some of South Africa’s top design The cTIcc is undergoing a redesign and its new events, including Design Indaba, cape Town fashion extension will be a green star rated green building. Week, Decorex, Southern Ink Exposure, the Green What prompted this decision? Did it cost significantly Buildings council’s annual convention. You also host more? cultural events like the cape Town Book fair, Good food and Wine Show and the cape Town International Jazz As a convention centre whose ethos is centred on festival. Why do you think cape Town, in particular, has sustainability, reducing the carbon footprint of the centre become the destination for events such as these? is a strategic priority. CTICC has always seen itself as an industry leader in terms of sustainable innovations and What makes a city world class and at the edge of innovation our planned expansion will once again propel the centre to is the percentage of creatives present in that city. I think the forefront of innovation. The cost of the new expansion Cape Town is definitely the epicentre of creativity in South is not significantly higher and it’s a misconception that Africa. The city boasts a diverse range of world-renowned “going green” is more expensive. Over the long term design houses and is home to some of the leading design the tangible benefits and economic spin off of the initial and architectural institutions like the University of Cape investment can be seen. The immediate intangible benefits Town and the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. like fresh air and natural lightning are all conducive to In addition, Cape Town is the preferred headquarters fostering an energetic, creative environment. The new of established creative companies. These elements expansion will be an ideal example of how sustainability combined with the weather, vibe and eclectic mix of and innovation can combine effortlessly. The right place, anytime people all contribute to the cosmopolitan nature that is characteristic of Cape Town and to the city’s desirability You are supporting cape Town’s bid to become the as a creative destination. World Design capital in 2014. Why is winning the bid important to cTIcc? Do you think there are still opportunities for more such fairs and conferences in cape Town, or have we Winning the bid will be another feather in our cap and With our doors open 24/7, 365 days a year the CTICC is a place where opportunity never knocks. Instead, it roams freely. As a result the reached saturation point? will further entrench Cape Town’s reputation as a leading CTICC has become one of the Southern Hemisphere’s leading hosts. With our versatile venues, innovative services, picturesque setting globally competitive destination. The prestigious accolade and environmentally sustainable packages, we offer event co-ordinators and their delegates a successful and rewarding event every time. We have definitely not reached saturation point. In the of being voted the leading world design capital will take face of challenging economic conditions, now more Cape Town to new heights. The global community will view than ever businesses need to demonstrate creativity in Cape Town as a serious contender on par with some of the the way they operate. According to Martin Sirk, CEO of world’s leading cities. At an emotive level, having this kind the International Congress and Convention Association, of title – or even just bidding for it – further entrenches the new competency that is needed for businesses to the notion that Cape Town has the creativity, innovation survive is “deliverable creativity”. Deliverable creativity and expertise to run world class events. CTICC’s vision is taking creativity and turning it into innovation and is to make Cape Town the best long haul international | Up to 10 000m2 of sub-divisible, column-free exhibition space | 2 large auditoria | A magnificent ballroom (2000m2) implementing it throughout your business. Every single convention destination by 2020 and winning this bid will with majestic city views | 33 meeting and function rooms | A roof-top terrace | 2 exquisite restaurants | 1 400 secure parking bays conference or show has the potential to be at the cutting play a pivotal role in helping us achieve this vision. Cape Town International Convention Centre edge of innovation and creativity. There is definite scope for conferences and events to use creativity to enhance Rashid Toefy is the chief Executive Officer of the cape Town their own events. International convention centre 62
  • 33. Home is 09 In memory of four Cape Jazz legends who have passed on where the Winston Mankunku Ngozi music is (1944-2009) Robbie Jansen (1949-2010) The Cape Town Jazz Festival has Ezra Ngcukana rapidly become a Cape Town (1954-2010) institution. Sean O’Toole chats Alex van Heerden with its enterprising founder, (1974-2009) Rashid Lombard Rashid Lombard is a man of two distinct, but related as the jazz capital. If you look back to the 1960s, Cape passions: jazz and photography. Before he became the Town had a more liberal approach to live performance face of jazz on the Cape peninsula, Lombard, CEO of the by people of colour. People came down from Joburg to company that hosts the highly successful Cape Town play. It always had the most clubs catering for live music. International Jazz Festival, the fourth largest festival of From an artistic and creative point, it was obvious that we its kind in the world, was a photographer. establish it in Cape Town.” “I started out as a photojournalist working in places like Cape Town also has the will and the infrastructure, he adds. the Congo and Namibia,” he says. “I’ve always had small “Look at Design Indaba, the Cape Argus Cycle Tour, the portable speakers – I converted a lot of hacks to jazz.” Two Oceans Marathon: Cape Town sustains these events Years later, he remains a committed advocate of jazz, because of its infrastructure and the co-operation of arguably the twentieth century’s most innovative, government.” influential and democratic music form. The benefits to the national coffers are also substantial. Lombard is in Angola when I telephone him. He is assisting At a 2007 parliamentary briefing, it was revealed that the with the launch of the debut Luanda International Jazz festival contributed R342.4 million to the national Gross Festival. Having established a reputation hosting a Domestic Product and R136.96 million to the GDP of the genuinely African music festival in Cape Town, he was City of Cape Town. In 2009 the event contributed R800 recently asked to export his knowhow to Angola. million to the GDP. His current status as “Mister Fixit” belies the idiosyncratic “The festival has gone beyond being a music festival,” origins of the jazz festival, which is now an established says Lombard. “It is now a lifestyle event involving annual event drawing committed international jazz fans crafters, restaurateurs, even a fashion element. We also to Cape Town. In the late 1990s, while still working as a actively involve the youth and host writing workshops. journalist, Lombard attended the North Sea Jazz Festival Recently we’ve been asking ourselves how we can bring in Holland. film into it – films about music. I am amazed at how the “I went up to director, Theo van den Hoek, introduced festival has grown.” myself, had a long conversation with him, then floated idea to establish a festival here.” “Send me a fax,” replied Van den Hoek. Back in Cape Town, Lombard did one better: “I sent him a flight and hotel, and had him over for a week.” Soon afterwards Capetonians were tapping their toes and bobbing their heads to jazz – African jazz. The festival, which has hosted Miriam Makeba, Youssou N’dour and Hugh Masekela, has a 50/50 talent split between Africa and the rest of the world. I ask Lombard how he thinks the jazz festival he dreamed fAcING PAGE Robbie Jansen in a live performance. into being has contributed to defining Cape Town as a Photo courtesy of Steve Gordon cultural hub? “Firstly,” he responds, “Cape Town’s always been known 64 65
  • 34. THE SOUTH AFRICAN POP CULTURE EXPERIENCE 1/2District 6 Museum Outside poster.indd 1 6/10/10 8:44:57 AM ONE SMALL SEED MAGAZINE A quarterly publication that has been sowing seeds since 2005, one small seed provides an illuminating insight into its contemporary arts and popular culture, making it the leading publication of its kind. Printed in South Africa, the magazine is now available for sale internationally. ONE SMALL SEED NETWORK the one small seed network is as an online creative networking platform The Cape Gallery, THE CAPE where likeminded individuals across the globe can interact. 60 Church Street, Cape Town GALLERY seeks to expose Fine Art that is rooted in theAfrican PICTURE THIS Tradition, Rotating Picture This is a stunning online photography magazine that showcases exhibitions add to the the best photography submitted by one small seed network members. diverse and often eclectic Mon-Fri: 09h30-17h00 mix of work on show. Sat: 10h00-14h00 American Express, Mastercard, Featured above Tel: +27 21 423 5309 ONE SMALL SEED TV Visa and Diner cards are is work by Fax: +27 21 424 9063 is an online video platform that brings to life the creative accepted. Reliable arrangements South African can be made to freight purchases born artist E: content in one small seed magazine. Snoek 7102 to foreign destinations. Sandy Esau W:
  • 35. Creative 10 Central fAcING PAGE TOP cORNER A conceptual spatial plan for the development of the East City as an innovation hub for design and informatics. fAcING PAGE AND THIS PAGE Some of the many existing institutions, agencies and eateries in the East City. The Good Hope Art Studios in the Castle; Charley’s Bakery; Open Innovation Studios; Furnspace; Dicky’s Tailors; students of the Advertising College Cape Town. All photos by Sydelle Willow Smith Cape Town’s East City neighbourhood is the hip home to the city’s many talented designers, savvy media professionals and gee-whiz ICT entrepreneurs The eastern part of Cape Town’s central city, from Buitenkant Street to Harrington Street, is now considered a research, innovation and services hub for the design media and ICT (information and communication technology) sectors. Known as the East City Design Initiative (ECDI), it is recognised as one of the Western Cape provincial government’s catalyst projects and is viewed as a key infrastructure-led economic driver. Hubs such as these are dependent on proximity and involvement of the academy. The Cape Peninsula University of Technology’s Faculty of Informatics and Design is adjacent to the area and a key partner in the ECDI. The ECDI area has rapidly become a happening environment for creative innovation and entrepreneurship development. Besides the Cape Craft and Design Institute, Cape Town Fashion Council and Open Innovation Studio, by next year, the Bandwidth Barn and Cape IT Initiative will also have a presence in the East City, in the Old Granary. In the last year, Creative Cape Town, as project leader on ECDI, has been active in engaging stakeholders such as government, academia, the design, media and ICT sectors as well as those currently based in the East City. It has been developing a spatial development framework, formulating a research agenda and an institutional vehicle, and establishing a brand, which will be unveiled in 2011. Conceptually, the spatial plan for the project connects the innovation precinct with a pedestrian network along Longmarket Street, where the City Hall, Central Library, College of Cape Town, Granary buildings, District Six Museum and Fugard Theatre are brought into conversation with each other, with further links to Cape Town’s central city, Cape Peninsula University of Technology and District Six. In addition, a further spine, from the Grand Parade and Cape Town Station past the Castle to Good Hope, creates the potential to extend the World Cup fan walk from the Green Point Urban Park and Greenpoint Stadium all the way to the East City, District Six and Woodstock. The research hub component is a quieter area centred on Harrington Square and runs along Harrington Street. 68
  • 36. Inspiring 11 People innovation The aim of the Cape Craft & Design Institute is make a to raise design awareness and the love of the local, says Erica Elk City What is the cape craft & Design Institute? product development approach as the process aims to Design transformed our develop participants’ interpretive and conceptual skills. We’re a facilitating institution established by the The immediate results are amazing – but the true test environment for 32 days provincial government to develop the sustainability of the will be in the longer-term. during the World Cup – craft and design sector. We’re in our tenth year and have we can do it everyday... been on a steep learning and growth curve – alongside What is the role of the fabLab? the sector itself. We provide support to over 1500 creative enterprises on our database, through our three The Fabrication Laboratory (or FabLab) is a high tech The CCDI is growing the facility using open-source design software linked to digital core programmes: enterprise development and training; cultural resources of the market access; and creativity, design and innovation. We desktop manufacturing technology. It promotes creative also reach out into rural areas and spend a great deal of experimentation and enables prototyping. It has added City, person by person. energy on promoting the sector through our Handmade huge value to the sector and is a very popular facility. But Our vision is of creative, it has its limitations, specifically related to constraints Cape brand, to increase consumer awareness and the confident people making love of the local. on prototyping determined by the types of equipment available. We would like users to engage more critically beautiful and functional What has been the key success of the ccDI with the available technology and also to find ways of Handmade objects for city in the last year? engaging with the relationships between ‘new’ and ‘old’ spaces, city events, city technology. This year we’ll be expanding our functionality Without a doubt our visual awareness and creativity so that people will ultimately be able to work, through an markets, city homes… workshops which are aimed at stimulating and assisted DIY process, from idea to a prototype, using a local and global. developing craft producers’ appreciation for visual wider range of equipment and technology. triggers in their environment, and building knowledge not just skill. It includes an ongoing series of monthly How does ccDI feel about the proposed lectures by creative professionals, who share their design precinct in the East city? creative processes and ways of working. We’ve hosted photographer Yasser Booley, artists Paul Edmunds, We’re great fans! We moved to the East City in 2006 Nandipha Mntambo, Brett Murray and Roderick Sauls, because of ideas on the table then about focusing it as a Cape Craft & Design Institute and creative composer Jannes Hendricks (of the creative district. Now there is a significant, near-critical 75 Harrington Street, Blackheart Gang). The workshops incorporate a range mass, of businesses and organisations in the area to root East City Cape Town of practices aimed at expanding individual creativity the precinct. The CT Partnership has been working hard 021 4611 488 | at getting key institutions behind it – now we just need a to stimulate the possibility of new products and/or processes. The workshop process itself is designed to few catalytic projects to make it possible for great things challenge participants’ pre-existing ways of engaging to happen so our creative sectors can gain competitive with their materials, products and environment so as advantages for the future. to generate new and interesting creative solutions. This exciting approach is far removed from an interventionist, Erica Elk is Executive Director of the cape craft & Design Institute 70
  • 37. Networked 12 intelligence Because of some clever, behind the scenes organising, Cape Town has a strong community of highly networked, talented IT entrepreneurs, says Jenny McKinnell What is cITi and what is its role in cape (Infointeg), and many others. This year CITi also launched Town? the IT Heroes and Pioneers portal and campaign to recognise our regional talent and highlight the fact that The Cape Information Technology Initiative (CITi) is a non- the Western Cape is full of talented techpreneurs creating profit organization established in 1998 to develop and high quality software and services. This is part of a bigger support an information technology cluster in the Western project to attract software development and research Cape, including Cape Town. Our mission is to stimulate centres to the region. the growth of employment and prosperity. We achieve this goal primarily by initiating and “unblocking”. One of our Why has cITi been so supportive of linkages key roles is to bring industry, government and academia between IcT and design? together, either among or between themselves, to solve specific issues. The value of this work is usually not Cape Town is a creative city with huge design strength. recognised because it is not newsworthy. However, it does What many people don’t know is that our software result in more cooperation, better integration between engineers and developers are also creative. We design initiatives and less duplication of effort. Cape Town has and write bold, innovative, “out of the box” software. We a strong community of highly networked, talented IT believe that bringing our filmmakers, storytellers and entrepreneurs because of our efforts over the last 12 designers together with our software professionals will years. lead to the creation of high-growth businesses with the potential for international expansion. This is the reason What have been your successes? why we will be establishing a new IT and Design incubator in the East City design district in early 2011. This will A key early success of CITi was the creation, in 2000, of the involve refurbishing the Old Granary building to create an Bandwidth Barn (BWB), a business incubator that focuses amazing space for designers and techies to share ideas on fast-tracking the pace of business growth in the IT and co-create products and services. sector by helping small, medium and micro enterprises (or SMMEs) to establish themselves, commercialise Jenny Mckinnell is Executive Director of the cape IT new products and services, create jobs and wealth and Initiative (cITi) add economic diversity to the community. The BWB runs focused, intensive and selective support programmes for entrepreneurs and start-ups in the IT sector in the Western Cape. A large number of successful Cape IT entrepreneurs have either been incubated in the BWB or benefited from its programmes. They include Vinny Lingham (Yola), Piet Streicher (BulkSMS), Matthew Tagg fAcING PAGE The Granary: A mixed use hub for the (WebAfrica), Sheraan Amod (Personera), Marc Antony creative industries, currently in development and project managed by the Cape Town Heritage Trust. Zimmerman (The Broccoli Project), Henk Kleynhans (Skyrove), Mustapha Baboo (Maxxor), Shana Kassiem 72
  • 38. Gold 13 Reward The 32nd annual Loerie Awards takes place in Cape Town in October. Andrew Human reveals more TOP LEfT Comedian Mark Lottering and radio and television personality Natalie Becker present the Loerie Awards. TOP MIDDLE Music duo, Goldfish performed at the awards ceremony. TOP RIGHT Creative Cape Town commissioned Word of Art to produce a series of characters (“Ego’s”) for shopfronts on Long Street as part of a Loeries window dressing project (2009). Photos: Anita van Zyl Why did Loeries choose cape Town structure. Designed by Pier Luigi Nervi, a pioneer in the as host city? use of concrete, and built in 1976, it is now an almost forgotten and downtrodden piece of Cape Town’s inner- The role of The Loerie Awards (or Loeries) is to city landscape – and the ideal platform for the Loeries recognise, reward and foster creative excellence. Over to “do things differently”. We hope that by hosting the time, the awards ceremony has come to represent Loeries here it will bring new life to this grande dame. the pinnacle on the advertising and communication industry’s calendar. The awards represent a time for What are some of Loeries’ legacies the industry to get together and celebrate the year’s for cape Town? achievements – the best of what our region has to offer. In the past the awards have been held in the Carlton In 2009, R6,7 million was spent on production, including Centre (a long, long time ago), Sun City and Margate. R409,000 using Cape Town artists. Upgrades were In 2009, the awards moved to Cape Town, the first time made at the Good Hope Centre; Long Street and the in 32 years. And it has been a well-chosen move as inner city of Cape Town were extensively promoted; Cape Town offers the ideal environment to foster a bit and all surplus production materials were donated to of creativity – beaches, a little mountain and laid-back local charities. Additionally, we ran a carbon-offsetting people. programme in partnership with Hetzner resulting in 250 trees being planted in the severely impoverished We’ve built the airports. We’ve cleaned the roads. We’ve trained the police. And finally the time Why the Good Hope centre of all places for region of Delft. In 2010, we are working with our Cape has come, to welcome the world to the biggest event of the year: The 2010 Loerie Awards. the awards weekend? Town partners to launch Creative Week Cape Town, something we hope will position Long Street as the When we moved to Margate, everyone asked, “Why creative capital of South Africa and showcase local FESTIVAL WEEKEND 1– 3 OCTOBER Margate?” And when we moved to Cape Town everyone creative talent. Creative Week Cape Town will culminate CREATIVE WEEK CAPE TOWN 24 SEPTEMBER – 3 OCTOBER asked, “Why the Good Hope Centre?” Our role is to in the Loeries Festival Weekend (October 1 – 3). promote creative thinking, to recognise and reward thinking differently. The Good Hope Centre is a beautiful Andrew Human is chief Executive Officer of The Loerie Awards 74
  • 39. Imagine 14 City Hall Earlier this year the City Hall had an inspiring makeover that suggested how this strategic venue could function as a vibrant cultural facility The Cape Town City Hall was, for a long time, established was to garner support for the City Hall as a dedicated and in the minds of most Cape Town citizens as a cultural premier cultural venue for all Capetonians. venue – concert hall aside, it was home to the Central The city government’s decision to use the venue for the Library from 1979. Then last year the library moved to World Cup as a media centre, while placing the outside of its slick new space in the Drill Hall, next to the City Hall, the venue iconically against Table Mountain for the FIFA leaving more than 2,000 sq metres of unoccupied space in Fan Fest on the Grand Parade, sadly did nothing for the its old premises. This, and the City Hall’s slide into decline project of reinventing the space as a long term cultural since the late 1980s, has provided an opportunity to re- venue. It is again up to the cultural sector to advocate for a imagine and re-position this strategic venue. more innovative, sustainable long term solution that does not sell the venue out to corporate interests alone or see In the past, various initiatives were mooted to turn the its reduced to a poorly run municipal facility designated City Hall into a viable cultural facility – none of them for ad hoc use. however came to fruition. More recently, the Cape Town Join the Imagine city Hall facebook group or find out more at Partnership has made significant interventions, including lobbying government, funding research, developing a business plan and funding proposals, and proposing relevant agencies and systems for the management and redevelopment of the space. The Africa Centre’s successful and dynamic renovation and use of the City Hall for the Spier Contemporary, a major South African contemporary art exhibition held from March to May this year, created the impetus for the space to be repositioned for public use. For two months the City Hall was turned into a beautiful environment with more than 20,000 people visiting the exhibition, attending workshops, watching performances and music, shopping at the Fringe Arts pop-up design shop or simply hanging out at the classy cafe in the innovatively remade space. The opportunity arose to reinvigorate the project of reimagining the City Hall with citizen engagement using Facebook and via a letter writing campaign. To that end Imagine City Hall was born as an idea between the Africa fAcING PAGE AND ABOvE Installation views of Spier Contemporary Centre, Creative Cape Town and Cape MIC, whose key aim at City Hall fAcING PAGE BOTTOM RIGHT The Fringe Arts pop-up store 76 77
  • 40. The knockout magazine now also featuring extensive* design, architecture, film, music, fashion and cultural reviews * See our December issue for the launch of this new focus
  • 41. Creative 15 Leadership Cape Town has emerged the leading African city for higher learning in the design and creative arts fields. Sean O’Toole profiles some of the leading schools fAcING PAGE AND TOP LEfT The BHC School of Design TOP RIGHT Cape Peninsula University of Technology BOTTOM LEfT The BHC School of Design In July 2008, the SAE Institute, a private tertiary educator Paris-based performance artist Steven Cohen is a past BOTTOM RIGHT Facade of Ruth Prowse School of Art focussing on creative media, opened for business at its graduate, as is sculptor Donovan Ward and photographer premises on the corner of Spin and Parliament streets in Jo Ractliffe. Unlike Michaelis, Ruth Prowse – named Cape Town. Founded in Sydney in 1976 by the engineer and after a prominent Cape Town landscape painter – offers amalgamation of two old apartheid-era technical attractive study destination. “Currently 50% of our producer Tom Misner, the School of Audio Engineering, a wider range of courses, including three-year full-time colleges, also offers courses in interior design. CPUT students are non-South African and are primarily from as it was then known, comprises a worldwide network courses in fine art, graphic design, photography and also directly competes with specialist private schools Nigeria, Kenya and Zimbabwe,” says David Maclean, comprising 52 campuses in 23 countries. The new Cape jewellery. such as the AAA (founded in 1990) for graphic design institute manager at SAE, flagging a phenomenon that Town school is SAE’s first campus on African soil. Since the 1990s, when tertiary student enrolments spiked enrolments. Similarly, City Varsity and the newly is now becoming increasingly widespread in Cape Town. The decision to open in South Africa, in particular Cape nationally, there has been a rapid proliferation in private founded SAE both offer courses in audio production, BHC, for example, has students from 16 African states, Town, was premised on sound business fundamentals. educational institutions. In Cape Town, especially, there computer-generated 3D graphics and animation and including Kenya and Nigeria, as well as German, Italian, According to a 2006 Harvard University study has been a flourishing of schools specialising in design film production. Finnish and Columbian students. commissioned by the World Bank, South Africa has and the creative arts. They include the AAA School of Unavoidably, the achievements of past alumni now play In their 2006 overview of South Africa’s educational the highest tertiary education enrolment rate in Sub- Advertising, City Varsity and BHC School of Design. as important a role in decision making by prospective system, Harvard researchers highlighted a growing Saharan Africa. Cape Town has long been home to a Founded in 1996, City Varsity is now an entrenched feature students as fee structures and staff profiles. Mike demand for “better quality” and “more flexible market- number of leading schools specialising in design and of Kloof Street’s café culture and offers full-time courses Schalit, executive creative director and founding partner oriented” tuition programmes in South Africa, “especially the creative arts, changes post-1994 helping to entrench in animation, film and television production, journalism, of the advertising agency Net#work BBDO is a graduate those designed for non-traditional students”. Cape Town Cape Town as the leading African city for higher learning acting, sound engineering and motion picture production. of AAA. Industrial designers Roelf Mulder and Byron is leading the way here. At issue though is more than just in the design and creative arts fields. Its photography department, headed by the documentary Qually, both from the product design company XYZ, bragging rights. In their report the Harvard researchers Located between Orange Street and the upper end of photographer Jenny Altschuler, is particularly noted. completed their studies in industrial design at CPUT. noted African higher education has the potential to assist the Avenue, in the Company’s Gardens, the prestigious Based across town, in the up-and-coming Woodstock Twin brothers Hasan and Husain Jessop, whose photos countries with technological catch-up and thus improve Michaelis School of Fine Art dates back to 1920. area, BHC (also founded in 1996) specialises in interior form part of singer Elton John’s large-scale photography the potential for faster growth. Offering a limited number of places annually, the school design. Interior architect Jurgen Schirmacher is a collection, are notable recent Michaelis graduates. Underscoring the importance of creative leadership in has produced many famous alumni, including the past graduate. He describes BHC as “professional and Although a new kid on the block, SAE also offers the an African context, industrial designer and CPUT faculty internationally renowned painter Marlene Dumas and smart” – an experience he says wasn’t duplicated when draw of a formidable alumni list. The Grammy Award- member, Mugendi M’Rithaa, emphasises that creative photographers Gary Schneider and Mikhael Subotzky. he subsequently enrolled in an architecture degree at a winning producer José “Hyde” Cotto is a past student, mentoring enables “any person irrespective of their Although 50 years younger than Michaelis, the Ruth prominent university. albeit in Miami. station in life to embrace the opportunities that life Prowse School of Art, founded in 1970 by artist Erik Like BHC, the Cape Peninsula University of Technology The achievements of AAA, CPUT, Michaelis and SAE brings and to move in sync with everyone else to create Laubscher, is also recognised as a talent incubator. The (CPUT), a new institution founded in 2005 in an students, amongst others, has made Cape Town an a different and positive outcome” 80 81
  • 42. Knowledge 16 shared is Knowledge Multiplied* Why do we need to find a common voice for design in Cape Town? Mel Hagen responds Cape Town, which has always been at the forefront of effectively to businesses, act as social and professional driving issues around design policy, is developing a hubs and communities, and give a more unified voice for platform for the exchange of knowledge and experience lobbying local government on areas such as the economic of designers in the city, across all disciplines. It already role of design and its ability to improve the quality of life enjoys a solid reputation as a desirable cultural and of all its citizens. creative location, with a large number and range of With positive developments such as the East City Design highly rated, practicing designers and iconic events. Initiative and the proposed World Design Capital Bid With the formation of the Cape Town Design Network, for 2014, the voice of practicing designers can, through meeting once a month, the inward focusing tendency of the network, help shape these events and processes so most design disciplines has started to change. Many of that they benefit both the profession and the broader those who have participated have attested to the value community. of these events, not only in terms of being brought up to date on strategic creative projects in the city, but also Mel Hagen is Programmes Manager at the cape craft & Design Institute the richness of the networking and cross-disciplinary opportunities provided. Networks help designers share * The title was suggested by a statement by the Dutch experience and resources, promote their services more Design Management Network The Creative Cape Town Clusters is a programme of inspiring talks and networking opportunities for creative practitioners. It involves regular forums and more intimate breakfast conversations. In 2010, recognising that Cape Town design practitioners had no cross cutting network serving its needs, the Clusters programme was used to helped birth the Cape Town Design Network. This is a loose emerging network of design professionals from across disciplines who will help set up a structure to promote and develop design in Cape Town. It will work closely with Cape Town’s World Design Capital bid team for 2014 and with the East City Design Initiative. Creative Cape Town Clusters events in 2009 82 83