Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture<br />Presentation by: Pr...
INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity.
Water quality and availability Vs population and expanding economies.
Focus of ACP countries:
 Equitable distribution of water
Maintenance of water quality,
Preservation and protection of environment.
Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance. </li></li></ul><li>IMPACTS OF CLI...
IMPACTS  OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE   - KENYA CASE<br /><ul><li>Livestock deaths
Soil erosion and land degradation
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Current and future responses to drivers of change for water availability and use for agriculture- Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, University of Nairobi

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Current and future responses to drivers of change for water availability and use for agriculture- Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, University of Nairobi

  1. 1. Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture<br />Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, <br />Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of<br />Department of Environmental & BiosystemsEngineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya <br />November 22, 2010<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity.
  3. 3. Water quality and availability Vs population and expanding economies.
  4. 4. Focus of ACP countries:
  5. 5. Equitable distribution of water
  6. 6. Maintenance of water quality,
  7. 7. Preservation and protection of environment.
  8. 8. Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance. </li></li></ul><li>IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA’S WATER <br />Less than 400mm<br />Drop by 10-20%<br />400-1000 mm<br />Drop by up to 10%<br />End of 20th Century<br />More than 1000 mm<br />Increase by up to 10%<br />End of 20th Century <br /> Predicted change: End of 21st Century <br />Increase by 10-20%<br />
  9. 9. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE - KENYA CASE<br /><ul><li>Livestock deaths
  10. 10. Soil erosion and land degradation
  11. 11. Flash floods
  12. 12. Crop failure
  13. 13. Domestic water shortage
  14. 14. Death of wild animals and loss of biodiversity</li></li></ul><li>Factors affecting water availability and quality<br /><ul><li>Land use changes
  15. 15. Policy and legislation
  16. 16. Impacts of climate change
  17. 17. Effects of human activities
  18. 18. Future water requirements</li></li></ul><li>Enabling Conditions for Land and Water for Agriculture<br /><ul><li>Adoption of Appropriate Land Use Policy
  19. 19. Focus on Smallholder Conservation Agriculture
  20. 20. Integrated Water Resources Management Policy
  21. 21. Promotion of Public and Private Partnerships
  22. 22. Adoption of International Water Initiatives
  23. 23. Legislative and Regulatory Interventions</li></li></ul><li>Future Options of Water Availability for Agriculture<br /><ul><li>Proper Water Resource Planning.
  24. 24. Adaptation of Water Reources Management to climate change.
  25. 25. Response to Key Drivers of Change.
  26. 26. Integrated Watershed Management Approach
  27. 27. Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Technologies for Agriculture
  28. 28. Technologies for Drip Irrigated Agriculture</li></li></ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS<br /><ul><li>Cross-sectoral co-ordination and harmonization of water activities.
  29. 29. Incorporation of land use and watershed management within national water strategies.
  30. 30. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technologies for increasing small-scale irrigated lands.
  31. 31. Rehabilitation of inefficient water systems, reduction in wastage and unaccounted for water, recycling and reuse of water. </li></li></ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS<br /><ul><li>The formulation and enforcement of appropriate legislation
  32. 32. Capacity building in project identification, preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
  33. 33. Involvement of local communities in the conservation and management of the environment and water
  34. 34. Management of land and water as finite resources and on the co-ordination and integration of water, land-use, and population policies for sustainable development. </li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU! <br />
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