Current and future responses to drivers of change for water availability and use for agriculture- Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, University of Nairobi
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Current and future responses to drivers of change for water availability and use for agriculture- Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, University of Nairobi

  • 610 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
610
On Slideshare
610
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture
    Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah,
    Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of
    Department of Environmental & BiosystemsEngineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya
    November 22, 2010
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity.
    • 3. Water quality and availability Vs population and expanding economies.
    • 4. Focus of ACP countries:
    • 5. Equitable distribution of water
    • 6. Maintenance of water quality,
    • 7. Preservation and protection of environment.
    • 8. Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance.
  • IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA’S WATER
    Less than 400mm
    Drop by 10-20%
    400-1000 mm
    Drop by up to 10%
    End of 20th Century
    More than 1000 mm
    Increase by up to 10%
    End of 20th Century
    Predicted change: End of 21st Century
    Increase by 10-20%
  • 9. IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE - KENYA CASE
    • Livestock deaths
    • 10. Soil erosion and land degradation
    • 11. Flash floods
    • 12. Crop failure
    • 13. Domestic water shortage
    • 14. Death of wild animals and loss of biodiversity
  • Factors affecting water availability and quality
    • Land use changes
    • 15. Policy and legislation
    • 16. Impacts of climate change
    • 17. Effects of human activities
    • 18. Future water requirements
  • Enabling Conditions for Land and Water for Agriculture
    • Adoption of Appropriate Land Use Policy
    • 19. Focus on Smallholder Conservation Agriculture
    • 20. Integrated Water Resources Management Policy
    • 21. Promotion of Public and Private Partnerships
    • 22. Adoption of International Water Initiatives
    • 23. Legislative and Regulatory Interventions
  • Future Options of Water Availability for Agriculture
    • Proper Water Resource Planning.
    • 24. Adaptation of Water Reources Management to climate change.
    • 25. Response to Key Drivers of Change.
    • 26. Integrated Watershed Management Approach
    • 27. Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Technologies for Agriculture
    • 28. Technologies for Drip Irrigated Agriculture
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Cross-sectoral co-ordination and harmonization of water activities.
    • 29. Incorporation of land use and watershed management within national water strategies.
    • 30. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technologies for increasing small-scale irrigated lands.
    • 31. Rehabilitation of inefficient water systems, reduction in wastage and unaccounted for water, recycling and reuse of water.
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • The formulation and enforcement of appropriate legislation
    • 32. Capacity building in project identification, preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
    • 33. Involvement of local communities in the conservation and management of the environment and water
    • 34. Management of land and water as finite resources and on the co-ordination and integration of water, land-use, and population policies for sustainable development.
  • THANK YOU!