Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture. Prof. Elijah K. Biamah

on

  • 633 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
633
Views on SlideShare
627
Embed Views
6

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

1 Embed 6

http://annualseminar2010.cta.int 6

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture. Prof. Elijah K. Biamah Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture. Prof. Elijah K. Biamah Presentation Transcript

  • Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture
    Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah,
    Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of
    Department of Environmental & BiosystemsEngineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya
    November 22, 2010
  • INTRODUCTION
    • Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity for communities in ACP countries..
    • Water quality and availability Vs population growth and expanding economies.
    • Focus of ACP countries:
    • Equitable distribution of water within society
    • Preservation and protection of water quality,
    • Ensure adequate water supplies
    • Preservation of the environment.
    • Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance.
  • IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AFRICA’S WATER
    Less than 400mm
    Drop by 10-20%
    400-1000 mm
    Drop by up to 10%
    End of 20th Century
    More than 1000 mm
    Increase by up to 10%
    End of 20th Century
    Predicted change: End of 21st Century
    Increase by 10-20%
  • IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE : EXAMPLE OF KENYA - 2009
    • Livestock deaths in 2009
    • Soil erosion and land degradation
    • Flash floods displacing families
    • Crop failure due to drought
    • Domestic water shortage
    • Vegetation degradation and loss of biodiversity
  • Factors affecting water availability and quality
    • Emerging land use changes due to a shrinking resource base.
    • Comprehensive water policy and legislation – water sector reforms
    • Impacts of climate change – excessive water flows and flooding
    • Effects of human activities – drought and desertification
    • Future water requirements – influenced by climate, economy and standards of living
  • Integrated Land and Water Management Strategies for Agriculture
    • Understanding Indicators of Agricultural Drought.
    • Choice of Suitable Conservation Techniques.
    • Adoption of Appropriate Techniques for Rainwater Conservation.
    • Application of Technologies for Conservation Agriculture
    • Soil and water management technologies
    • Use of stable ecosystem management techniques
    • Use of agroforestry for water conservation
    • Land use planning and conservation practices
    • Soil fertility management techniques
  • Enabling Conditions for Land and Water Management for Agriculture
    • Adoption of Appropriate Land Use Policy
    • Focus on Smallholder Conservation Agriculture
    • Integrated Water Resources Management Policy
    • Promotion of Public and Private Partnerships
    • Adoption of International Land and Water Initiatives
    • Adequate Legislative and Regulatory Interventions
  • Future Options of Water Availability for Agriculture
    • Proper Water Resource Planning.
    • Adaptation of Water Resources Management strategies to cope with climate change.
    • Response to Key Drivers of Change.
    • Integrated Watershed Management Approach
    • Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Technologies for Agriculture
    • Technologies for Drip Irrigated Agriculture
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Coordination of cross-sectoral water services
    • Incorporation of land use and watershed management in national water management strategies.
    • Promotion of rainwater harvesting technologies for increasing agricultural production..
    • Rehabilitation of inefficient water systems, reduction in wastage and unaccounted for water, recycling and reuse of water.
    • Use innovative water technologies like water harvesting, water recycling and desalinization.
    • Water transfer facilities to move water from surplus to deficit areas
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • The formulation and enforcement of appropriate policies and legislation
    • Capacity building in project identification, preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
    • Involvement of local communities in the conservation and management of the environment and water
    • Management of land and water as finite resources and on the co-ordination and integration of water, land-use, and population policies for sustainable development.
  • THANK YOU!