Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah,
Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of
Department of Envir...
 Sustaining water availability a challenge and
opportunity for communities in ACP countries..
 Water quality and availab...
End of 20th Century Predicted change: End of
21st Century
Less than 400mm
400-1000 mm
More than 1000 mm
End of 20th Centur...
 Livestock deaths in 2009
 Soil erosion and land degradation
 Flash floods displacing families
 Crop failure due to dr...
 Emerging land use changes due to a shrinking resource
base.
 Comprehensive water policy and legislation – water
sector ...
 Understanding Indicators of Agricultural Drought.
 Choice of Suitable Conservation Techniques.
 Adoption of Appropriat...
 Adoption of Appropriate Land Use Policy
 Focus on Smallholder Conservation Agriculture
 Integrated Water Resources Man...
 Proper Water Resource Planning.
 Adaptation of Water Resources
Management strategies to cope with
climate change.
 Res...
 Coordination of cross-sectoral water services
 Incorporation of land use and watershed management in national
water man...
 The formulation and enforcement of appropriate policies and
legislation
 Capacity building in project identification, p...
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Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture. Prof. Elijah K. Biamah

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Current and Future Responses to Drivers of Change for Water Availlability and Use for Agriculture. Prof. Elijah K. Biamah

  1. 1. Presentation by: Prof. Elijah K. Biamah, Environmental and Water Systems Engineer and Chairman/Head of Department of Environmental & Biosystems Engineering, University of Nairobi, Kenya November 22, 2010
  2. 2.  Sustaining water availability a challenge and opportunity for communities in ACP countries..  Water quality and availability Vs population growth and expanding economies.  Focus of ACP countries: o Equitable distribution of water within society o Preservation and protection of water quality, o Ensure adequate water supplies o Preservation of the environment.  Key drivers of change: demographic, technological, social, environmental and governance.
  3. 3. End of 20th Century Predicted change: End of 21st Century Less than 400mm 400-1000 mm More than 1000 mm End of 20th Century Drop by 10-20% Drop by up to 10% Increase by up to 10% Increase by 10-20%
  4. 4.  Livestock deaths in 2009  Soil erosion and land degradation  Flash floods displacing families  Crop failure due to drought  Domestic water shortage  Vegetation degradation and loss of biodiversity
  5. 5.  Emerging land use changes due to a shrinking resource base.  Comprehensive water policy and legislation – water sector reforms  Impacts of climate change – excessive water flows and flooding  Effects of human activities – drought and desertification  Future water requirements – influenced by climate, economy and standards of living
  6. 6.  Understanding Indicators of Agricultural Drought.  Choice of Suitable Conservation Techniques.  Adoption of Appropriate Techniques for Rainwater Conservation.  Application of Technologies for Conservation Agriculture  Soil and water management technologies  Use of stable ecosystem management techniques  Use of agroforestry for water conservation  Land use planning and conservation practices  Soil fertility management techniques
  7. 7.  Adoption of Appropriate Land Use Policy  Focus on Smallholder Conservation Agriculture  Integrated Water Resources Management Policy  Promotion of Public and Private Partnerships  Adoption of International Land and Water Initiatives  Adequate Legislative and Regulatory Interventions
  8. 8.  Proper Water Resource Planning.  Adaptation of Water Resources Management strategies to cope with climate change.  Response to Key Drivers of Change.  Integrated Watershed Management Approach  Rainwater Harvesting and Conservation Technologies for Agriculture  Technologies for Drip Irrigated Agriculture
  9. 9.  Coordination of cross-sectoral water services  Incorporation of land use and watershed management in national water management strategies.  Promotion of rainwater harvesting technologies for increasing agricultural production..  Rehabilitation of inefficient water systems, reduction in wastage and unaccounted for water, recycling and reuse of water.  Use innovative water technologies like water harvesting, water recycling and desalinization.  Water transfer facilities to move water from surplus to deficit areas
  10. 10.  The formulation and enforcement of appropriate policies and legislation  Capacity building in project identification, preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.  Involvement of local communities in the conservation and management of the environment and water  Management of land and water as finite resources and on the co- ordination and integration of water, land-use, and population policies for sustainable development.
  11. 11. THANK YOU!

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