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  • 1. Approaches toDepression
    By Charles Sorrese
  • 2. What is Depression?
    Aside from temporary “blues”, clinical depression is a mental illness often characterized by consistent feelings of sadness, no matter what circumstances
    one may be in.
    Depression can also be described as
    having an abnormally low mood that a person is unable to snap out of.
    There are different approaches that psychologists may use in order to treat people suffering from depression.
  • 3. Psychoanalytical Approach
    This approach emphasizes personality analysis through talk or couch therapy.
    According to Freud, the causes of depression stem from early childhood experiences. These causes can be found by analyzing the problems in the development of the “Psychosexual stages”, and then understanding them in order to overcome them.
  • 4. Trait Approach
    This approach looks at depressionas an action of a persons character. A person would be said to be depressed because that is just naturally who they are.
    Example: Just as some people may be naturally positive or happy, some people may just naturally be negative or depressed.
  • 5. Biological Approach
    The biological approach to depression suggests low levels of the neurotransmitter Serotonin.
    The biological approach also emphasizes that if a person is depressed then they may be genetically predisposed to depressed.
    Ways to combat this would include taking medications to increase Serotonin levels in the brain.
  • 6. Humanistic Approach
    The humanistic approach suggests depression occurs when an individual is unable to cope with their life's circumstances. This prevents them from reaching self actualization, or their highest potential.
    This approach emphasizes a holistic view of human beings, as well as giving human beings the power and choice to choose their own destiny.
  • 7. Behavioral and Social Learning Approach
    The behavioral and social learning approach suggest that depression is something that people learn through interactions in the environment and in their social world.
    This can include things we observe in other people, in the media, in school, etc. We would then learn to be depressed by observing it in others.
    If depression is learned, then it can also be unlearned.
  • 8. Cognitive Approach
    People suffering from depression often have self-deprecating thoughts. They think things such as “I can’t”, “I’ll never be able to”, “I’m not good enough”, etc.
    The Cognitive approach is to get people to change their thinking in order change how they see themselves, as well as how they see the world.
  • 9. References
    Shopper, M., & Gunsberg, L. (2009). Interlude: Like Father, Like Son: A Psychoanalytical Approach to Interviewing in Extreme Circumstances. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 29(6), 528. doi:10.1080/07351690903014049
    McCrae, R. (2001). Trait Psychology and Culture: Exploring Intercultural Comparisons. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 819-846. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    Poelen, E., Engels, R., Scholte, R., Boomsma, D., & Willemsen, G. (2009). Similarities in Drinking Behavior of Twin’s Friends: Moderation of Heritability of Alcohol Use. Behavior Genetics, 39(2), 145-153. doi:10.1007/s10519-008-9250-z.
    Vink, J., Nawijn, L., Boomsma, D., & Willemsen, G. (2007). Personality differences in monozygotic twins discordant for cannabis use. Addiction, 102(12), 1942-1946. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02008.x.
    Bar-On, R. (2010). Emotional intelligence: an integral part of positive psychology. South African Journal of Psychology, 40(1), 54-62. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database
  • 10. References
    Kugelmann, R. (2005). An encounter between psychology and religion: Humanistic psychology and the Immaculate Heart of Mary nuns. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 41(4), 347-365. doi:10.1002/jhbs20115.
    Buchanan, K., & Bardi, A. (2010). Acts of Kindness and Acts of Novelty Affect Life Satisfaction. Journal of Social Psychology, 150(3), 235-237. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    Docksai, R. (2010). Teaching Social Skills. Futurist, 44(3), 12-13. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    BLUCK, S., & ALEA, N. (2009). Thinking and talking about the past: Why remember?. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(8), 1089-1104. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.
    NEWMAN, E., & LINDSAY, S. (2009). False memories: What the hell are they for?. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(8), 1105-1121. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database.