Ecology of tropical parrots

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Ecology of tropical parrots

  1. 1. By Cindy Shatsar
  2. 2.  Parrots are known for their bright colors and loud calls. Today there are more than 353 species of parrots alive. Parrots consists of lorikeets, cockatiels, cockato os, parakeets, budgerigars and macaws. There are more than 1500 species of birds found in the Amazon Basin today. Many birds migrate from the north and south and can only be seen during certain times of the year.
  3. 3.  Mainlyfound in tropical and subtropical regions • Such as South America, Australia and Asia. Habitat must be very large and abundant with trees Nest in cavities in trees, & crevices in rocks and cliffs Some parrots such as Macaws are more common on the edges of the forest • Edges by open clearings and watercourse
  4. 4.  Short necks, curved bills, and large heads Colorful feathers • Enables birds to fly • Protect birds from elements such as weather • Act as camouflage Zygodactyl feet • Two toes point forward and two toes point backwards • Common in tree-dwelling birds to help them move about
  5. 5.  Parrots reproduce by laying eggs Parrots are monogamous • One mate Form strong bonds as pairs • Bond carries onto the non-breeding season Courtship Displays • Clean each others wings • Communication
  6. 6.  Parrots use their strong beaks to crack open shells and grind up their food Some parrots are specialized nectar feeders • Able to pick up nectar with brush-like tips on their tongues Most parrots feed on: • seeds, fruits, grass, leaves, and plant shoots found throughout the forests
  7. 7.  Awaken before sunrise Disperse to feeding areas • Spend the first few hours of the day foraging After feeding they engage in social interaction, bathing or drinking Feed again in the afternoon Loud interaction before going to sleep
  8. 8.  Possess the largest number of threatened species of any bird family 90 species at risk of global extinction Collection of bird for live bird trade and habitat loss are the 2 major threats parrots face

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