The Basics of Understanding Literature
The  Very  Basics <ul><li>Fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any writing or story that is made up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Op...
Characters People who take part in the story!!
Main Characters <ul><li>Characters who the events of the story center around. </li></ul>
Minor Characters <ul><li>Less important characters.  The story does not revolve around them . </li></ul>
Protagonist <ul><li>The “good guy.”  The leading character in a particular story. </li></ul>
Antagonist <ul><li>The “bad guy.”  The character who strives against the protagonist. </li></ul>
Setting <ul><li>Time and place events occur in story. </li></ul>
Point of View <ul><li>The view point of the story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st  person – words like “I,” “you,” and “me.” <...
Plot <ul><li>Chain of related event that make up the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Plot centers on at least one major problem o...
Conflict <ul><li>The major problem in a story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person vs. se...
The Plot Diagram <ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>2.  4. </li></ul><ul><li>1.  5. </li></ul>
#1 - Exposition <ul><li>1. </li></ul><ul><li>Background information a reader needs to know. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be about...
#2 Rising Action <ul><li>When the chain of events becomes more complex </li></ul><ul><li>Creates desire to know what comes...
#3 - Climax <ul><li>  3. </li></ul><ul><li>Peak of story’s intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Most exciting part </li></ul><ul><l...
#4 – Falling Action <ul><li>The events describing the results of the climax </li></ul><ul><li>4. </li></ul>
#5 - Resolution <ul><li>5 </li></ul><ul><li>Tells how the story ends </li></ul><ul><li>Not all stories have a resolution!!...
Theme <ul><li>Main idea or message an author wishes to share </li></ul><ul><li>The “moral” of the story </li></ul><ul><li>...
Tone <ul><li>The mood of the story </li></ul><ul><li>Set by word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Style <ul><li>How a writer expresses himself or herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Their writing personality </li></ul>
Irony <ul><li>Situational irony – where an event occurs which is unexpected because it is the exact opposite of what we th...
Imagery <ul><li>Words or phrases that appeal to the senses </li></ul><ul><li>Make a picture in your mind </li></ul><ul><li...
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Elements Of Fiction

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Elements Of Fiction

  1. 1. The Basics of Understanding Literature
  2. 2. The Very Basics <ul><li>Fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any writing or story that is made up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite of…nonfiction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short Story </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief fiction work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only one or two main ideas usually. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Novel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer fiction work with more complex events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More people, actions, and main ideas </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Characters People who take part in the story!!
  4. 4. Main Characters <ul><li>Characters who the events of the story center around. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Minor Characters <ul><li>Less important characters. The story does not revolve around them . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Protagonist <ul><li>The “good guy.” The leading character in a particular story. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Antagonist <ul><li>The “bad guy.” The character who strives against the protagonist. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Setting <ul><li>Time and place events occur in story. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Point of View <ul><li>The view point of the story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st person – words like “I,” “you,” and “me.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd person – words like “he,” “she,” and “they.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All-knowing (omniscient) narrator – the narrator can see into the thoughts of more than one character. They “know all.” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Plot <ul><li>Chain of related event that make up the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Plot centers on at least one major problem or conflict. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conflict <ul><li>The major problem in a story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person vs. self </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person vs. person </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person vs. society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person vs. nature </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Plot Diagram <ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>2. 4. </li></ul><ul><li>1. 5. </li></ul>
  13. 13. #1 - Exposition <ul><li>1. </li></ul><ul><li>Background information a reader needs to know. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be about characters, setting, conflict, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Continues throughout the story. Not just at the beginning. </li></ul>
  14. 14. #2 Rising Action <ul><li>When the chain of events becomes more complex </li></ul><ul><li>Creates desire to know what comes next. </li></ul><ul><li>2. </li></ul>
  15. 15. #3 - Climax <ul><li> 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Peak of story’s intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Most exciting part </li></ul><ul><li>Often involves an important event or decision . </li></ul>
  16. 16. #4 – Falling Action <ul><li>The events describing the results of the climax </li></ul><ul><li>4. </li></ul>
  17. 17. #5 - Resolution <ul><li>5 </li></ul><ul><li>Tells how the story ends </li></ul><ul><li>Not all stories have a resolution!! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Theme <ul><li>Main idea or message an author wishes to share </li></ul><ul><li>The “moral” of the story </li></ul><ul><li>Novels often have more than one theme </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely stated directly. The reader has to interpret. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tone <ul><li>The mood of the story </li></ul><ul><li>Set by word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The dark, gloomy house loomed over our heads in dreary silence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each fabulous moment is thrilling and exciting! </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Style <ul><li>How a writer expresses himself or herself. </li></ul><ul><li>Their writing personality </li></ul>
  21. 21. Irony <ul><li>Situational irony – where an event occurs which is unexpected because it is the exact opposite of what we thought would happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>I love chocolate. I love it so much. Any time I get a chance to eat chocolate I will. I have posters of chocolate everywhere in my room. My freezer is full of chocolate ice cream. I eat about 5 pounds of chocolate a day. </li></ul><ul><li>I went to a party, and the host asked me if I wanted chocolate or vanilla ice cream. </li></ul><ul><li>I chose vanilla. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Imagery <ul><li>Words or phrases that appeal to the senses </li></ul><ul><li>Make a picture in your mind </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight – “big, blue eyes like the ocean” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound – “a thundering boom filled the room” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch – “The puppy’s fur was soft and fluffy.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste – “The hot, spicy sauce burned my tongue.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell – “The putrid odor of the rancid meat made me gag.” </li></ul></ul>
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