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Liberia presentation

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  • \\
  • Get number of Liberians who voted
  • PUT USIP SYMBOL IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER.
  • PUT A SENTENCE ON BASIC SERVICES REINSTATED.
  • PUT USIP SYMBOL IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Liberia Through the Eyes of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf June 24, 2011 • 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM The United States Institute of Peace
    • 2. A LONG AND COSTLY WAR
    • 3.  
    • 4. Costs of War
      • 250,000 killed, 350,000 refugees and 300,000 internally displaced United Nations
      • Some 15,000 child soldiers UNHCR
      • GDP contracted by 60% between 1987 & 2003 World Bank
      • 22 % of Liberian women aged 25-39 have experienced sexual violence Ministry for Gender and Development, Liberia
      • Post war: No electricity or pipe-borne water, 70% of schools destroyed, 1 physician for every 70,000 Liberians US State Department
    • 5. A DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION: ELECTIONS IN 2005
    • 6.  
    • 7. The Elections
      • Twenty-two presidential candidates and two rounds of voting Carter Center
      • 1,012,673 votes received; 75% of the electorate participated Carter Center
      • President Johnson Sirleaf won run-off elections with 59.4% of votes Liberia NEC
      • President Johnson Sirleaf inaugurated on January 16, 2006 as the first elected female head of state in Liberia (and Africa)
    • 8. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES
    • 9.  
    • 10. Some Progress Made
      • Economy has grown by over 114% since 2003 World Bank
      • Basic services restored to the capital
      • Undernourished population fell from 36% in 2000 to 33% in 2009 Work Bank
      • Freedom House government ranking improved since 2003 Freedom House
      • Security Sector reform programs being implemented
      • Liberia among first countries to develop action plan aimed at furthering gender equality in line with UN resolution 1325
      • Female-male primary education ratio rose from 72% (2000) to 90% (2009) World Bank
    • 11.  
    • 12. … but Challenges Remain
      • TI corruption ranking improved from 137 (2005) to 87 (2010), but corruption remains endemic Transparency International
      • 84% of Liberians live below the poverty line UNICEF
      • Unemployment very high
      • Services inadequate and infrastructure deficient; particularly outside Monrovia
      • Sub-regional security tensions persist
    • 13. USIP IN LIBERIA
    • 14. USIP Supports Liberia’s Law Review Commission
      • In 2008, USIP program helped incorporate informal legal systems in National Law Review Commission
      • USIP led extensive policy-oriented research on traditional dispute resolution mechanisms operating in the country
    • 15. USIP Highlights Liberia’s Traditional Justice Systems
      • USIP engaged with legal establishment to raise awareness of the justice perceptions and practices of most Liberians
      • Research found that non-state mechanisms and actors, and not formal courts, are the preferred option for dispute resolution in Liberia
    • 16.  
    • 17. USIP Promotes Access to Justice in Liberia
      • USIP co-hosted the Liberian National Conference on Enhancing Access to Justice, attended by more than 250 representatives
      • Recommendations
      • expand outreach to rural areas
      • promote cooperation between customary & statutory systems
      of the government, civil society, and the international community.
    • 18. The Honorable Christiana P. Tah, Liberian Minister of Justice & Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia, speaking at USIP co-sponsored event
    • 19. Recent USIP Events on Liberia June 2011 • Health in Post-Conflict and Fragile States: Challenges for the Next Decade • Walter Gwenigale, Liberian Minister of Health & Social Welfare March 2011 • Revisiting Security Sector Reform in Liberia • Brownie Samukai, Liberian Defense Minister April 2008 • GEMAP in Liberia: A Model for Economic Management • Antoinette Sayeh, then-Liberian Minister of Finance November 2007 • Postwar Recovery in Liberia: Perspectives from Liberian Ex-Combatants • K. Johnson Borh & Morlee Gugu Zawoo, National Ex-Combatant Peace Building Initiative April 2007 • Women’s Role in the Reconstruction of Liberia • Leymah Roberta Gbowee, Women Peace and Security Network Africa; Waafas Ofosu-Amaah, The World Bank Visit www. usip .org/events for podcasts
    • 20. Some Recent USIP Publications Customary Justice and the Rule of Law in War-Torn Societies by Deborah Isser Looking for Justice: Liberian Experiences with and Perceptions of Local Justice Options by Deborah Isser, Stephen Lubkemann, Saah N’Tow Would You Fight Again?: Understanding Liberian Ex-Combatant Reintegration by Richard Hill, Gwendolyn Taylor, and Jonathan Temin Is Liberia’s Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program a "Necessary Intrusion?" by Raymond Gilpin and Emily Hsu Women’s Role in Liberia’s Reconstruction by Dorina Bekoe and Christina Parajon Visit www.usip.org/publications for details
    • 21. Credits
      • Photographs
      • Tim Luccaro
      • Johnny Ndebe
      • Morgan Miller
      • The Carter Center
      • Videos
      • Tim Luccaro
      • Leah Vonderheide
      • Production
      • Catherine Morris