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  • \\
  • Get number of Liberians who voted
  • PUT USIP SYMBOL IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER.
  • PUT A SENTENCE ON BASIC SERVICES REINSTATED.
  • PUT USIP SYMBOL IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER.

Transcript

  • 1. Liberia Through the Eyes of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf June 24, 2011 • 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM The United States Institute of Peace
  • 2. A LONG AND COSTLY WAR
  • 3.  
  • 4. Costs of War
    • 250,000 killed, 350,000 refugees and 300,000 internally displaced United Nations
    • Some 15,000 child soldiers UNHCR
    • GDP contracted by 60% between 1987 & 2003 World Bank
    • 22 % of Liberian women aged 25-39 have experienced sexual violence Ministry for Gender and Development, Liberia
    • Post war: No electricity or pipe-borne water, 70% of schools destroyed, 1 physician for every 70,000 Liberians US State Department
  • 5. A DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION: ELECTIONS IN 2005
  • 6.  
  • 7. The Elections
    • Twenty-two presidential candidates and two rounds of voting Carter Center
    • 1,012,673 votes received; 75% of the electorate participated Carter Center
    • President Johnson Sirleaf won run-off elections with 59.4% of votes Liberia NEC
    • President Johnson Sirleaf inaugurated on January 16, 2006 as the first elected female head of state in Liberia (and Africa)
  • 8. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES
  • 9.  
  • 10. Some Progress Made
    • Economy has grown by over 114% since 2003 World Bank
    • Basic services restored to the capital
    • Undernourished population fell from 36% in 2000 to 33% in 2009 Work Bank
    • Freedom House government ranking improved since 2003 Freedom House
    • Security Sector reform programs being implemented
    • Liberia among first countries to develop action plan aimed at furthering gender equality in line with UN resolution 1325
    • Female-male primary education ratio rose from 72% (2000) to 90% (2009) World Bank
  • 11.  
  • 12. … but Challenges Remain
    • TI corruption ranking improved from 137 (2005) to 87 (2010), but corruption remains endemic Transparency International
    • 84% of Liberians live below the poverty line UNICEF
    • Unemployment very high
    • Services inadequate and infrastructure deficient; particularly outside Monrovia
    • Sub-regional security tensions persist
  • 13. USIP IN LIBERIA
  • 14. USIP Supports Liberia’s Law Review Commission
    • In 2008, USIP program helped incorporate informal legal systems in National Law Review Commission
    • USIP led extensive policy-oriented research on traditional dispute resolution mechanisms operating in the country
  • 15. USIP Highlights Liberia’s Traditional Justice Systems
    • USIP engaged with legal establishment to raise awareness of the justice perceptions and practices of most Liberians
    • Research found that non-state mechanisms and actors, and not formal courts, are the preferred option for dispute resolution in Liberia
  • 16.  
  • 17. USIP Promotes Access to Justice in Liberia
    • USIP co-hosted the Liberian National Conference on Enhancing Access to Justice, attended by more than 250 representatives
    • Recommendations
    • expand outreach to rural areas
    • promote cooperation between customary & statutory systems
    of the government, civil society, and the international community.
  • 18. The Honorable Christiana P. Tah, Liberian Minister of Justice & Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia, speaking at USIP co-sponsored event
  • 19. Recent USIP Events on Liberia June 2011 • Health in Post-Conflict and Fragile States: Challenges for the Next Decade • Walter Gwenigale, Liberian Minister of Health & Social Welfare March 2011 • Revisiting Security Sector Reform in Liberia • Brownie Samukai, Liberian Defense Minister April 2008 • GEMAP in Liberia: A Model for Economic Management • Antoinette Sayeh, then-Liberian Minister of Finance November 2007 • Postwar Recovery in Liberia: Perspectives from Liberian Ex-Combatants • K. Johnson Borh & Morlee Gugu Zawoo, National Ex-Combatant Peace Building Initiative April 2007 • Women’s Role in the Reconstruction of Liberia • Leymah Roberta Gbowee, Women Peace and Security Network Africa; Waafas Ofosu-Amaah, The World Bank Visit www. usip .org/events for podcasts
  • 20. Some Recent USIP Publications Customary Justice and the Rule of Law in War-Torn Societies by Deborah Isser Looking for Justice: Liberian Experiences with and Perceptions of Local Justice Options by Deborah Isser, Stephen Lubkemann, Saah N’Tow Would You Fight Again?: Understanding Liberian Ex-Combatant Reintegration by Richard Hill, Gwendolyn Taylor, and Jonathan Temin Is Liberia’s Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program a "Necessary Intrusion?" by Raymond Gilpin and Emily Hsu Women’s Role in Liberia’s Reconstruction by Dorina Bekoe and Christina Parajon Visit www.usip.org/publications for details
  • 21. Credits
    • Photographs
    • Tim Luccaro
    • Johnny Ndebe
    • Morgan Miller
    • The Carter Center
    • Videos
    • Tim Luccaro
    • Leah Vonderheide
    • Production
    • Catherine Morris