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The experiences of civil society organisations in the CEE

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The experiences of civil society organisations in the CEE, Eva Csobod, Regional Environmental Center, Hungary, Presented 23 September 2009, Brussels

The experiences of civil society organisations in the CEE, Eva Csobod, Regional Environmental Center, Hungary, Presented 23 September 2009, Brussels

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  • 1. The experiences of civil society organisations in the CEE. CSO Platform on SCP Eva Csobod, Regional Environmental Center, Hungary
  • 2. Personal mobility Trends in personal mobility Drivers in personal mobility • Increasing number of private cars • Little/poor infrastructure for cycling/walking • Increasing road development • Increasing speed of life • Working from home: but transport levels still • Convenience remain! • Fiscal/economic inctentives • Rate of cycling is growing • Traffic laws • Urban sprawl  bad spatial planning/regulation • Individual preference for cars, prestige Impacts of personal mobility • Noise, air pollution, congestion • Loss of time in traffic jams • Space consumption for road infrastructure • Conflicts between drivers & „non-motorised“ • Large number of people killed in accidents • Health problems, decrease of the life quality CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 2
  • 3. State of the art in public transport Trends in public transport Drivers in public transport • Different trends in E & W Europe (e.g. modal • EU funding (imbalances) split) • Speed (better roads etc.) • W: increasing investment in PT • Values, demands of consumer society • More intelligent mobility management • Urban sprawl • Intermodality • Globalisation, income increase • Stagnating flexibility of PT • Tax reductions, subsidies • Share of PT is decreasing • Increasing ticket prices Impacts of public transport • High rate of private cars due to good roads • Additional mobility is created • Worse environmental quality • Workplace is more distant from home • Modernisation brings more riders CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 3
  • 4. Technological innovations Trends in technological innovations Drivers in technological innovations • More efficient engines • Lower costs • Increase in use of biofuels • Energy security • Increase in oil prices • Increased focus on innovation • Lighter weight vehicles • EU funding • Second generation biofuels • Political pressure on low-carbon cars • Development of hybrid and electric cars • Car manufacturers incresingly grasp the urgency of innovation Impacts of technological innovations • Land use of biofuels • Competition for food (1st generation biofuels) • Higher price of alternative fuels (production costs) • More demand for transport (e.g. high-speed trains vs. moving to other city) CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 4
  • 5. Transporting goods and logistics Trends in goods transport Drivers in goods transport • Constant growth, exceeding GDP growth • Low prices due to huge subsidies (incl. non- internalised external costs, cross-financing • The most env‘tly polluting modes grow fastest (e.g. car owners), infrastructure building) • Not market oriented railway operators • Road is more flexible and faster than rail • Regulation & control for road is much quicker than for rail • Powerful road haulier‘s organisations Impacts of goods transport • Environment and health • Congestion • Increased resource use CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 5
  • 6. Conclusions: Mobility Contradiction: increased awareness of sustainable way Prices don’t reflect costs (e.g. of transport – but still cheap flights) increasing unsustainable modes of transport Mobility EU funding does not always go Impact of mobility is increasing to the right place (does not support sustainable development); public control of spending CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 6
  • 7. Funding for SCP Current situation Solutions • Fact: Different funding opportunities in different • Lets look what we can do in our project, what our countries. assets are. • Lets look what we can do in our project, what are • May be we should develop three tangible project our assets. ideas ready and these can be sent to the organizations we know. • May be we should develop three tangible project ideas ready and these can be sent to the • Researchers and CSOs can work together to organizations we know. develop project ideas. For example, at the household level understanding the current issues • Researchers and CSOs can work together to and making an action plan to change in develop project ideas. cooperation with policy maker. • Sometimes CSOs lack their own performance • National Plans on SCP: How can CSOs help monitoring. implementation? How CSOs can participate in • Foundations are not so much aware of the topic. building up the national strategies? • Agenda setting at funding agencies: Writing a common letter to lift the topic at foundations. CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 7
  • 8. Conclusions Sharing of good practices and knowledge Enable more citizens’ involvement Mobility Consistency of Change the policies mobility Create stronger paradigm to links between demand mobility and management climate change CSO Platform on SCP Report from the first conference 8