Sps Conference Essen 2009 Basf Mock Knoblauch


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Sps Conference Essen 2009 Basf Mock Knoblauch

  1. 1. How to Assess the Sustainability of Products? C. Mock-Knoblauch, BASF SE 28.9.2009
  2. 2. Sustainable Development is based on three Pill th Pillars How to measure the Society sustainability performance of a good or service?  holistic Ecology  scientific, objective  cost effective Economy  decision oriented => BASF’s eco-efficiency analysis
  3. 3. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): From cradle to grave Output Production P d ti Use U Disposal Di l Products intermediates Landfill Extraction f E t ti of raw materials Incineration Energy production Input
  4. 4. Sustainability assessment of Biodiesel f Bi di l State f th St t of the art: t  Although biodiesel is made from renewable raw materials, the environmental advantages are small g  The production of biodiesel is more expensive than that of conventional fossil diesel (excl. taxes and subsidies)  However, biodiesel production creates jobs in the agriculture sector. customer benefit alternatives Use of a conventional •RME (biodiesel) diesel car (driving distance 200.000 km) ) •conventional diesel
  5. 5. Weighting and aggregation of environmental categories i t l t i Energy use Resource cons. Land use 20% 20% 10% Risk potential Toxicity potential Emissions 10% 20% 20%
  6. 6. Ecological Fingerprint energy consumption 1,00 0,50 Use of a area use emissions conventional 0,00 diesel car (driving distance 200.000 km) raw material eco-toxicity consumption potential biodiesel bi di l diesel di l 1 worst alternative
  7. 7. Fuel Production Costs (Excluding T (E l di Taxes) ) 0,900 Verteilungskosten Distribution 0,700 fixe Fertigungskosten Fix production costs 0,500 Gutschrift Glycerin Credit glycerine €/Liter Transesterif. costs Umesterungskosten 0,300 Credit rape grist Gutschrift Rapsschrot Rape oil production Rapsölgewinnung 0,100 Fert. & crop protection Düngung +PSM Soil Working Bodenbearbeitung -0,100 Crude costs Rohölkosten -0,300 Diesel Biodiesel Assumption: 55 US$/barrel
  8. 8. Eco-Efficiency Portfolio Assumption: 55 US$/barrel / 92 US$/barrel 0,2 alized) High eco-efficiency pact (norma • Eco-efficiency of biodiesel compared to diesel is strongly nmental imp Use of a 1,0 dependent on oil price conventional •The Break Even for diesel car biodiesel to have the Environ same eco-efficiency as ffi i (driving diesel is at an oil price distance of approximately 85 200.000 km) Low eco-efficiency US$/barrel 1,8 18 1,8 1,0 0,2 Costs (normalized) biodiesel diesel
  9. 9. Eco-Efficiency Analysis Standard Diaper versus Fl ff Reduced St d d Di Fluff R d d Diaper The market driven trend within the diaper industry is towards thinner, fluff reduced diapers ... what impact does this have on the overall sustainability? Full eco-efficiency analysis Only Carbon Dioxide (Model) 0,8 0,8 alized) orm.) mental impact (no Environme (norma standard diaper fluff reduced diaper 1,0 1,0 ent environm 1,2 1,2 1,2 1,0 0,8 1,2 1,0 0,8 costs (norm.) Costs (normalized)