Antonio Pinhel Energy Efficient Refrigerators Sep09

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Antonio Pinhel Energy Efficient Refrigerators Sep09

  1. 1. Energy Efficient Refrigerators – Utility Perspective Conference “The Future of Sustainable Products and Services” Policy and Market Development for SP&S in Developing Countries Antonio Pinhel - Brazil 28th and 29th of September 2009 - Essen, Germany
  2. 2. FUNDING - ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS -EE funds from tariff (0,5% x net revenue = USD 250 million/yr) -Tax cuts for EE equipments x production growth -Subsidies from the government for programs implementation -Special loans / micro credits / housing -Clean Development Mechanism /environment (others) -Blending sources 2
  3. 3. EVALUATION - ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS -Electric Sector (country side) - Postponed investments (Generation,Transm,Distribution) - Avoided O&M costs (including environmental and subsidies reduction) - Project Impact (industrial production) -Utility Side -Collection rate & billing costs (including charging costs) -Commercial losses (fraud/theft) -Distribution grid costs (investment & other O&M) -Cross subsidies 3
  4. 4. IMPLEMENTING - ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS - Identifying Partnerships/stakeholders (to reduce risks and leverage the resources and results): -Community/ hiring local people -NGO’s /International Agencies - Inserting the project in governmental programs: -Housing (federal, state and municipal levels) -Environment -Industry - Manufacturers / selecting technology (incl. minimum standards x price) - Information 4
  5. 5. Coelba Northeast of Brazil Founded in 1960 and privatized in 1997 Concession area of 563,374 km2 4,4 million clients (14 million people) 200,000 new clients in 2008 55% of clients are low-income (<80 kWh/month, 140,000 connection/yr, 14% consumption) Net revenues = € 1.5 billion/yr 5
  6. 6. WHY TARGET LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS? - Difficulty to pay for electricity (default and theft) - A segment with high customer (number) share and high growth rates - Relevant potential to achieve energy savings through information and education and intervention (equipmt replacement) - Better to achieve efficient consumption than higher, non-sustainable (or non-payable) consumption levels Search for Business Sustainability 6
  7. 7. ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS COELBA’s main actions focused on low-income communities: Coelba Agent Project 1.1 Retrofitting internal electric wiring and CFL’s donation 1.2 Information - Raising community awareness about energy savings and default reduction 1.3 Commercial Assistance – Service Request (keeping customer records, charging, invoicing and supplying) 1.4 Refrigerator Replacement 7
  8. 8. RESULTS – COELBA AGENT SALVADOR (PHASES 1,2 AND 3) Average Consumption of Communities assisted by the Coelba Agent Project 120 Rationing betw een mar/01 and feb/02 110 100 90 } 17% kWh/month 80 70 60 50 40 nov/01 nov/02 nov/03 nov/04 jan/01 mar/01 may/01 jul/01 sep/01 jan/02 mar/02 may/02 jul/02 sep/02 jan/03 mar/03 may/03 jul/03 sep/03 jan/04 mar/04 may/04 jul/04 sep/04 jan/05 8
  9. 9. END USES PATTERN CHANGES FROM 1999 to 2005 COELBA AGENT SALVADOR Consumption by End Use OTHERS 1999 6% Reduction in electricity intensity: 17% OTHERS 20% LIGHTING 2005 REFRIGERATION 51% 43% LIGHTING 42% REFRIGERATION 38% 9
  10. 10. REPLACEMENT OF REFRIGERATORS AND CFL BULBS IN LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES low- Potential market in Bahia: 2,000,000 low-income clients with, at least, 40% badly maintained refrigerators: 10
  11. 11. LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES Table 3 - Estimated Average Consumption, without Energy Efficient Equipments Power Time of Use (hours) Monthly % Equipment (W) Hours/day Days/month Consumption Consumption (kWh) Light Bulbs in Living Room 60 6 30 10.80 15.50 and Kitchen Light Bulbs in 60 1 30 1.80 2.60 Bedroom Light Bulbs in 60 1 30 1.80 2.60 Bathroom Old 138 12 30 49.68 71.10 Refrigerator 14” TV 48 4 30 5.76 8.20 TOTAL 69.84 100.00 Source: COELBA 2006 Average cost: US$ 7/month (2 x affordable electricity bill) 11
  12. 12. LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES Table 5 - Estimated Average Residential Consumption with Energy Efficient Equipments Power Time of Use (hours) Monthly Consumption Equipment (W) Hours/day Days/month Consumption (%) (kWh) Light Bulbs in Living Room 15 6 30 2.70 8.20 and Kitchen Light Bulbs in 15 1 30 0.45 1.40 Bedroom Light Bulbs in 15 1 30 0.45 1.40 Bathroom New 88 9 30 23.70 71.70 Refrigerator 14” TV 48 4 30 5.76 17.40 TOTAL 33.06 100.00 Estimated Energy savings: 50% & Elect Bill Reduction: 65% SUSTAINABLE LEVEL 12
  13. 13. Refrigerator Replacement Project • 17,000 – 270 - liters EE fridge and 60,000 CFL’s were replaced • The CFC -12 gas is collected from the old refrigerators for recycling and the scrap metal is sold. • The money raised goes to income generation projects in low-income communities. • Recycling of 400 kg of CFC-12 gas 13
  14. 14. Project Results 120 Average consumption in kWh of clients who substituted their refrigerators in July /2006 110 106,34 106,54 102,82 98,65 100,20 100 95,26 91,88 92,57 92,19 92,55 92,95 93,03 91,37 93,85 91,75 89,89 90,35 89,35 87,32 87,69 89,04 87,29 86,76 87,20 87,42 87,71 87,74 90 85,23 83,54 80,78 81,81 82,36 84,65 85,81 80 73,87 74,52 73,17 kWh 75,27 73,89 70,66 69,31 69,62 68,87 68,85 70 65,33 62,89 65,49 60,60 60 Period after substitution of refrigerators 50 Regular consumption below 80 kWh 157.367 clients w ith regular consumption betw een jan/06 and sep/07 w ere 40 analysed, of w hich 573 had their refrigerator substituted. 30 05 06 06 07 06 6 07 7 05 6 06 7 06 06 07 07 5 6 6 7 6 7 6 7 l/0 l/0 /0 /0 t/0 r/0 t/0 r/0 t/0 t/0 /0 /0 v/ o/ v/ o/ n/ n/ n/ v/ n/ v/ z/ z/ ai ai ar ar ju ju ou ou ab ab no no se se de de fe fe ag ag ju ju ja ja m m m m Substituted Refrigerator Did Not Substitute Refrigerator Refrigerator substitution started in July 2006, reducing average monthly consumption from 100 kWh to 70 kWh 14
  15. 15. Project impact (2006) Community: Castelo Branco 100 93,13 88,11 90 80 67,51 61,84 kWh /month 70 60 50 59,82 59,60 60,09 58,62 40 30 20 10 - Jun Jul Ago Set Received new fridge in Jul/06 Did Not Received Collection rate: from 77,7% to 87,1% 15
  16. 16. The Refrigerator Replacement Project was recognized as an Exemplary Project at the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, with other 39 projects worldwide. 16
  17. 17. Overall Results Economic Postponed Investments Collection Rate increase Commercial losses reduction Customer side Reduction in electricity cost up to 75% Environment CFC12 (recycled and avoided leakage) Replacement of old refrigerators and incandescent (scraped) Avoided CO2 emissions Market Push for efficient appliances lowering prices and new models for low income customers Project replicated by several utilities in Brazil 17
  18. 18. Key Points – Utility Side EE Fund Focusing on the Demand Side (end use & income profiles) Local community involvement Planning, logistics and monitoring Existence of labelling program (from PROCEL) Scalability 18
  19. 19. NEXT STEPS Continue monitoring and ex-post evaluation Design of finance mechanism for leveraging the results Incentive design of new/efficient products and services for low income population 19
  20. 20. Income Generation Project: Moradas da Lagoa Proceeds from scraped refrigerators COELBA partners: USAID, UNDP, SECOMP-BA, UNIFACS. Label/brand Plant building Team 20
  21. 21. Praia do Forte – Bahia 21
  22. 22. Thank you! www.neoenergia.com Antonio Pinhel apinhel@neoenergia.com 22

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