… digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research (OECD, 2007). Create License Remix Share
OER are teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials or techniques used to support access to knowledge (Atkins et al. 2007).
2000: OCW project initiated. Goal: make accessible all primary course material on the web
2002: launched 50-course pilot
2009: almost 1,900 courses available
OER initiatives: Open learn
“ The UK must have a core of open access learning resources organised in a coherent way to support on-line and blended learning by all higher education institutions and to make it more widely available in non-HE environments” ( Cooke 2008).
Between April 2009 and April 2010, JISC and the Higher Education Academy are supporting pilot projects and activities (within subject/institutional/individual strand) that support the open release of learning resources; for free use and repurposing worldwide.
This pilot programme is intended to inform a larger programme covering a significant portion of the HE Sector.
C-SAP OER project focuses on the processes of making ‘open’ a selection of learning materials by re-working them and depositing into a dedicated learning and teaching repository such as JORUM.
It aims to take a critical social science perspective on the processes, motivations, and incentives for sharing digital educational resources.
Shift from tacit understandings embedded in teaching materials to more explicit resources
Development of pedagogical frameworks and toolkits for re-use and re-purposing
IPR and copyright licensing (in particular with regard to images) as well as branding/marketing issues
The use of JORUMOpen and Web2.0. tools as deposit platforms
Creation of customisable and adaptable OERs
Resistance to change
Workload i ssues
I PR and copyright
Metadata / resource discovery
Learning design and curriculum
Benefits and costs of sharing
Cetis Briefing Paper (2008), Open Educational Resources – Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education , http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/0/0b/OER_Briefing_Paper.pdf
Cooke, R. (2008) On-line Innovation in Higher Education http://tinyurl.com/5vt5lo
OECD (2007), Giving Knowledge for Free: the Emergence of Open Educational Resources, http://tinyurl.com/62hjx6.
Open Educational Resources Programme: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/oer.aspx