Energy Security and Economic Development in the Middle East - Doha Forum

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Critical Factors for Energy Security and Economic Development

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Energy Security and Economic Development in the Middle East - Doha Forum

  1. 1. Celina Realuyo President, CBR Global Advisors LLC Adjunct Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University crealuyo@gmail.com
  2. 2. ARMED RESOURCE CONFLICT SECURITY NATURAL FINANCIAL DISASTER CRISIS
  3. 3. The Stakeholders in a Globalized World? TRADITIONAL NATION STATES INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS  United Nations, EU, NATO, OAS, AU, ASEAN etc  World Bank Group NON-STATE ACTORS  Multinational corporations (MNCs)  Sovereign Wealth Funds  Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)  Super-Empowered Individuals  Violent Groups (insurgents, terrorists)  Transnational Criminal Groups  The Media (CNN, Al Jazeera)  Religious Groups
  4. 4. Basic Areas of Governance Complicated by Globalization ECONOMY POLITICS SOCIETY SECURITY ENERGY/ENVIRONMENT
  5. 5. ACCESSIBILITY AVAILABILITY ACCEPTABILITY AFFORDABILITY Source: CBR Global Advisors LLC
  6. 6. Demand Side: ◦ Increased demand from emerging markets ◦ Changes in U.S. consumption ◦ Pressures on refining capacity Supply Side: ◦ New sources of oil and gas (Russia, Brazil, Canada oil sands) ◦ Political instability (Iraq, Venezuela, Nigeria, Sudan) ◦ Debate over deep sea oil drilling/exploration Source: CBR Global Advisors LLC
  7. 7. Supply Demand Increase Efficiency/Diversify Sources Focus on Conservation and Efficiency  Oil  Natural Gas  Transportation  Coal  Heavy Industry  Nuclear  Light Industry  Hydro  Residential  Solar  Wind  Geothermal  Biofuels
  8. 8. Critical Elements for Economic Development in the Energy Sector HUMAN RESEARCH & CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT CAPITAL CONSUMER MARKETS MARKET Source: CBR Global Advisors LLC
  9. 9. To advance energy and climate security and promote economic recovery efforts, accelerate job creation, and drive clean energy manufacturing by: Investing in the Clean Energy Jobs of the Future  Creating new Jobs in the Clean Energy Economy  Investing in the Next Generation of Energy Technology Securing our Energy Future  Breaking Dependence on Oil  Producing More Energy at Home  Promoting Energy Efficiency Closing the Carbon Loophole and Cracking Down on Polluters  Closing the Carbon Loophole  Protecting American Consumers  Promoting U.S. Competitiveness Source: The White House
  10. 10. Fostering Collaboration/Communities of Interest To Ensure Energy Security and Mitigate Climate Change Academic/ Civic Sector Public Private Sector Sector Source: CBR Global Advisors LLC
  11. 11. “If the human race wishes to have a prolonged and indefinite period of material prosperity, they have only got to behave in a peaceful and helpful way toward one another.” Winston Churchill Celina Realuyo President, CBR Global Advisors LLC  Adjunct Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University crealuyo@gmail.com

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