The Past Tenses
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  • 1. THE PAST TENSES PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS
  • 2. SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE : subject + verb in the past I played He arrived We ate They came
    • Verbs can be regular or irregular:
    • Regular verbs form the past adding –ed
    • Irregular verbs have special forms which
    • are in the irregular verbs list
  • 3. SIMPLE PAST NEGATIVE: subject + didn’t + infinitive I didn’t play He didn’t arrive We didn’t eat They didn’t come INTERROGATIVE: did + subject + infinitive? Did I play? Did he arrive? Did we eat? Did they come?
  • 4. Very important! The past of the verbs is used only in the affirmative form. She went to London The negative and interrogative forms take the infinitive. She didn’t go to London Did she go to London?
  • 5. -ed endings
    • Most verbs add –ed: started, obeyed, …
    • Verbs which end in a consonant +e, add –d:
    • lived, moved, …
    • Verbs that have 1 syllable and end in a single vowel + a single consonant, double the consonant and add –ed:
    • stopped
    • Exceptions:
      • Verbs ending in –w or –x, do not double the consonant: fixed, showed
      • Verbs with 2 syllables, ending in a vowel + a consonant, with stress on the last syllable, double the final consonant: preferred
      • Verbs with 2 syllables ending in l, double it: travelled
      • Verbs ending in a consonant + y, change y to i and add –ed: worried
      • Verbs in –ie, add –d: tied, died
  • 6. Uses of the Simple Past
    • To describe an action that happened at a definite time in the past
        • I travelled to London in 2005
    • To talk about an action that interrupted another action that was in progress in the past
        • I was studying when the phone rang
    • With time expressions such as yesterday, last night, …, (two days) ago, in 2004, …
        • I saw a great film last night
  • 7. PAST CONTINUOUS We form the past continuous with the past form of BE + verb + -ING I was watching TV They were having tea You weren’t sleeping He wasn’t dancing Was she driving? Were we listening?
  • 8. REMEMBER ! I, HE, SHE, IT …..WAS/WASN’T WE, YOU, THEY….WERE/WEREN’T
  • 9. Uses of the Past Continuous
    • To describe an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past
        • Lisa was studying at ten yesterday
    • To talk about an action that was in progress when a second action happened
        • I was studying when the phone rang
    • With time expressions such as while, all morning, …
        • I was working all day
  • 10. PAST CONTRAST SIMPLE PAST Short action which interrupts another action in progress Used after WHEN PAST CONTINUOUS Action which was in progress (long action) when another action happened Used after WHILE Examples: When I arrived, my mother was watching TV. The phone rang while I was having lunch
  • 11. For 3º and 4º ESO students by Ana Cruz Castro Mouriño