THE PAST TENSES PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS
SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE : subject + verb in the past I played He arrived We ate They came
Verbs can be regular or irregular:
Regular verbs form the past adding –ed
Irregular verbs have special forms which
are in the irregular verbs list
SIMPLE PAST NEGATIVE: subject + didn’t + infinitive I didn’t play He didn’t arrive We didn’t eat They didn’t come INTERROGATIVE: did + subject + infinitive? Did I play? Did he arrive? Did we eat? Did they come?
Very important! The past of the verbs is used only in the affirmative form. She went to London The negative and interrogative forms take the infinitive. She didn’t go to London Did she go to London?
To describe an action that was in progress at a specific time in the past
Lisa was studying at ten yesterday
To talk about an action that was in progress when a second action happened
I was studying when the phone rang
With time expressions such as while, all morning, …
I was working all day
PAST CONTRAST SIMPLE PAST Short action which interrupts another action in progress Used after WHEN PAST CONTINUOUS Action which was in progress (long action) when another action happened Used after WHILE Examples: When I arrived, my mother was watching TV. The phone rang while I was having lunch
For 3º and 4º ESO students by Ana Cruz Castro Mouriño