Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ICRISAT

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Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ICRISAT - This presentation outlines planned ICRISAT activities for the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems for the West African Sahel and Dry Savannas region.

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Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ICRISAT

  1. 1. Traore van Mourik Falconnier Weltzien Ajeigbe Fatondji Gandah Hash Martinez-M. Sissoko Ollenburger Savadogo & al.
  2. 2. Dryland Systems staffing at ICRISAT • trans-disciplinary, system-oriented nature of DSCRP justifies involvement of several scientists from the region • regional ICRISAT/DSCRP team composed of 9 (+1) scientists: – WBS action transect: G. Falconnier, T. van Mourik, P.C.S. Traore (transect and overall coordinator), E. Weltzien, M. Ollenburger – KKM action transect: H.A. Ajeigbe (transect coordinator), D. Fatondji, M. Gandah, C.T. Hash, P. Savadogo • 1 joint ICRAF-ICRISAT agro-forestry position filled in June 2013 • 1 joint ICRISAT-ILRI crop-livestock position to be filled shortly (est. Sep. 2013) • 1 joint IER-ICRISAT GIS/RS position to be filled shortly (est. Sep. 2013) • Recruitment of support staff initiated in May 2012
  3. 3. Dryland Systems inception, PFI phases @ ICRISAT (2012-13) – context 2012 • Need to execute a ~150K budget rapidly, 100% expended at Dec. 31 • Pulled out a set of mostly technical ‘activities’, not conceptually very well articulated • Investment emphasis put on technical training of partners, procurement of equipment, pre-financing of associated projects (Africa RISING) 2013 • Operational budget increased to 500K (but not officially deployed before DS approval in late April), 25% expended as of May 31 • 15 ‘activities’ now better embedded in the Dryland Systems set of (10) activities – but some rushed or delayed due to DS approval delays • Work on improving cross-center coordination at the action transect level (e.g. through action transect scientific coordinators) 2014 • expected reconduction of 2013 operational budget
  4. 4. 2013: 15 ICRISAT ‘activities’ contributing to Dryland Systems organize STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS develop a PARTICIPATORY EVALUATION FRAMEWORK conduct FULL BIOMASS ASSESSMENTS test INTEGRATED SOIL FERTILITY MANAGEMENT options map RESOURCE FLOWS produce GENDER- SMART MEDIA TOOLS build FARM TYPOLOGIES deploy TRAINING TOOLS & CURRICULA test DUAL-PURPOSE (INTER)-CROPS model ENTRY POINTS, SCENAR IOS AND TRADEOFFS establish R4D / INNOVATION PLATFORMS systematize YIELD VARIABILITY MAPPING target DEVELOPMENT DOMAINS & SITES administer BASELINE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS test WATER HARVESTING SOLUTIONS 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K
  5. 5. Proposed conceptual schematic • 2 = landscape typologies • 3 = farm typologies • 4 = typologies of resource use efficiency • 1 = field typologies Land Use & Management Biomass Stocks & Flows Household Characteristics 2 1 34 Full Biomass Assessment Land Use Prospection Household Surveys Spatial expliciteness more less Very High Resolution Imagery (10 x 10 km)
  6. 6. N Figure 2a. Land use prospection and biomass assessment approach: landscape scale S EW Community Limits (to be determined with very high resolution imagery and through interactions during initial community meetings) Center Village Equidistant, 30-m radius sampling sites Separation distance function of transect range to community boundary
  7. 7. Figure 2b. Land use prospection and biomass assessment approach: sampling site level 30-m Trees in farmer fields (all trees within the 30-m radius from the sampling site center location will be characterized for basic metrics: DBH, height, crown size, etc.) Towards community limits Towards main village centerplace Annuals + Soils sampling locations (randomly chosen within selected fields) Beyond tree litterfall Area (5 per field) - may fall beyond the 30-meter radius limit Within tree litterfall Area (1 per field) - needs to fall within the 30-meter radius limit
  8. 8. Concept presentation, USAID-Mali, 06/03/2011
  9. 9. ICRISAT inception phase short notes (2012) – research methods testing • CGIAR & partners = variable legacy of systems research, requiring critical stock taking from available project literature and experiences • successful deployment of a complex research program in on-farm locations with variable degrees of R4D exposure will require careful assembling of baseline data and operation M&E systems • biomass throughput and productivity a key entry point in integrated crop-tree-livestock smallholder systems, we organized DSCRP research methods around three main nexii:
  10. 10. ICRISAT inception phase short notes (2012) – research methods testing (1) • Improving our understanding of – (1) the pathways of induced and endogenous intensification and – (2) the adoptability of different intensification options in West African drylands smallholder farming • desk-based study contracted to Wageningen U.R. (Ken Giller’s research group) • Purpose: – provide analytical framework for assessing the adoptability of intensification options (entry points + technologies + pathways), based on a standardized set of indicators – apply it to a contrasted sample of available options for selected DSCRP sites in WAS&DS • draft final report received from WUR, to be disseminated shortly as a Dryland Systems publication (est. release Oct. 2013)
  11. 11. ICRISAT inception phase short notes (2012) – research methods testing (2) • Design, testing of biophysical sampling and monitoring methods organized in a full biomass assessment protocol • DSCRP Protocols Meeting organized at ICRISAT-Niamey, Niger Sept. 17- 20, 2012 involving ~ 30 resource persons (ICRISAT: 10, DSCRP iIRT: 10, national partners: 10 • During and after that meeting, a full biomass assessment protocol was produced that includes rapid rural appraisal, land use prospection, agronomic and biomass management data collection, and destructive annuals and non-destructive perennials sampling procedures • protocol testing contracted to SARI, Ghana and AMEDD, Mali for the proposed sites of Dimabi, Ghana and Sukumba, Mali. These two sites belong to the WBS transect and were chosen due to logistical constraints linked with the collection of annuals samples before harvest • annuals biomass component has been completed at both sites and a MS- ACCESS database was developed for data entry (currently ongoing). Perennials component is forthcoming (March 2013) with partners already trained
  12. 12. ICRISAT inception phase short notes (2012) – research methods testing (3) • Development of DSCRP custom household survey instruments for baselines and monitoring • comparative study of 6 reference household survey instruments was carried out by ICRISAT (M. Sissoko, A. Butler) • Particular attention given to linking of the biomass assessment data (collected at a field scale throughout target landscapes) with household level data (collected at the community level) – In that way farm endowment can be directly linked to agronomic / field management practices leading to the development of field typologies in addition to farm typologies.
  13. 13. ICRISAT inception phase short notes (2012) – capacity building (rationale) • DSCRP will operate in a research environment simultaneously defined by a general lack of historical, long-term data but also by the new availability of cheap, efficient digital data acquisition systems • DSCRP research will also be characterized by trans- disciplinarity, will involve systems modeling and space- time intensive coverage • Capacity to capitalize on these opportunities is usually in short supply in the region, and will remain challenged by the region’s lack of international attractiveness due to perceived or proven security threats
  14. 14. ICRISAT bilateral projects mapped to Dryland Systems (May 2013) Donor Project Title Scientist Staffing Operations Total Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) Backstopping and Coordinating the Fertilizer Microdosing and Inventory Credit System Project in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger MG 11,859 197,799 209,658 Netherlands Govt. Associate Experts Programme -Ms. Vera Lugutuah EWR 2,852 399 3,251 Denmark Domestication of Jatropha Curcus for oil produ DF 9,000 32,254 41,254 INRAN- CORAF/WECARD(F unded by AusAID) An Integrated Cereal-livestock-tree system for Sustainable Land Use and Improved Livelihoods of Smallholder Farmers in the Sahel (CerLiveTreeS) DF 39,500 109,011 148,511 Netherlands Govt. Associate Experts Programme - Mr. Balova Nebie. EWR 22,360 3,130 25,490 Netherlands Govt. Associate Experts Programme - Mr. Gatien Falconnier TVM 21,621 3,027 24,648 Solar Electric Light Fund(SELF), USA Scaling the Solar Market Garden: Solar-Powered Drip Irrigation Enhances Food Security in Benin, West Africa RMM 18,000 75,288 93,288 Netherlands Govt. Associate Experts Programme -Mr. Mensah E Romeo JN 20,709 2,899 23,609 Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) Capacity Building for Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratories for the Improvement of soil Health in West Africa MG - 129,986 129,986 Total 145,901 553,795 699,695 NB: + Africa RISING (USAID)
  15. 15. Dryland Systems leveraging thrusts at ICRISAT • New data systems for rapid appraisal, monitoring & evaluation – Mainstreaming VHR imagery (BMGF, Cosmogia) – Upcoming training (Hyderabad, TE: Nov/Dec 2013) – $ leveraged: 50K, targeted: 400K • New participatory approaches at scale – District-level scenario planning (upcoming workshops: Orodara, BF: Dec 2013; Kofa, NG: Jan 2014) – Co-production of farm/climate services (IDRC/DFID CARIAA, USAID) – $ leveraged: 200K (AWS -> raingauges), targeted: 400K • Improved trans-disciplinarity and CRP cross-fertilization – E.g. CCAFS on downscaling the development scenarios – E.g. AgMIP on standard methods for trade-offs analyses

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