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  • 1. Agricultural Production & Livelihood System Research in Dryland Areas of South Asia: Highlights on Activities & Outcomes Haileslassie et al.. /work plan meeting/Kathmandu/27-28/08/13) Photo : Amare Haileslassie ICRISAT/ILRI
  • 2. Today’s presentation
  • 3. Major purposes of the inception phase Key highlights from the inception phase outputs  Regional workshops & analysis of macro-level data to identify: ― Sites and structure of the production & livelihood systems ― Observed changes and major driver ― Research hypotheses and activities ―  Identification of key partners
  • 4. Sites and priority production & livelihood systems — Jodhpur/Osien; — Barmer/Chotan; — Jaisalmer/Jaisalmer; — Bijapur/Basavan- Bagewadi; — Bijapur /Almel; — Bijapur/Devar Hipparagi; — Anantapur/Kalyandurg; — Kurnool/Dohne; — Madhya Pradesh — Cakewalk ( Pakistan) Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 5. Examples of observed changes: livestock herd composition and implications for feed supply Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 6. ( Jodhpur, Ananatapur) Examples of observed changes ( operational land holding) Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 7. Jodhpur, ANANTAPUR Key highlights from the inception phase outputs Examples of observed changes (yield instability as indicated by CV)
  • 8. Examples of observed changes (nutrient and water mining) Water and nutrient stock mining are major environmental problems; Micro nutrient become issues of concern; The impact in mixed crop livestock system is beyond grain yield; Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 9. Good news! Huge yield gap in many parts [milk and grain (e.g. ICRISAT work)] How can we reap these sustainably and where should our focus ? Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 10. Partners Key highlights from the inception phase outputs
  • 11. Highlights from post-inception phase activities & outputs Selecting action villages and systematically organizing baseline information  Baseline livelihood capital assessment — 15 villages representing more than 8 production systems — Interview of 1000HH and data entry completed — Adoption, vulnerability study is undergoing now — Weather based crop and livestock insurances — Social network for women
  • 12. Highlights from post-inception phase activities & outputs Selecting action villages and systematically organizing baseline information  Baseline biophysical survey and longer-term data capturing — Land use land cover maps (5x5m resolution) — Biomass productivity assessment using NDVI — Baseline soil quality assessment data — Agro-biodiversity survey — 15 climate data loggers procured
  • 13. Highlights from post-inception phase activities and outputs Establishing an innovation platform and filling the “basket of technology” options  Technology, Institutional and Policy Innovation Platforms established and first meeting held  ToR prepared and endorsed  Village level suitable technology assessment ( including gender-friendly)
  • 14. Highlights from post-inception phase activities and outputs Building a trust with farmers and innovation platform members  On farm participatory experimentation : — of three varieties of millet; — two varieties of sorghum — three varieties of cluster bean; with and with out in-situ and ex-situ agricultural water management — 3 varieties of moth and mung bean  50 hectares of CPR ( protection, diversification, institutionalization)
  • 15. Investment Post inception phase investment across IDOs (W1 and W2)
  • 16. Investment Project Sponsor Budget (‘$000) Bhoochetana KN Soil testing Gov’t KN 156 KN soil testing irrigation Gov’t KN 412 Univ Florida Geospatial USAID 24 Yield gaps KN Gov’t KN 1,118 Yield gaps AP Gov’t AP 300 Legumes India & Myanmar IFAD 69 KN horticulture Gov’t KN 52 Investment s from bilateral projects
  • 17. Thanks for your attention