West Africa Sahel and Dryland Savannah Outcomes of the Inception Phase

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The Inception Phase Outcomes presentation for West African Sahel and Dryland Savannah was presented by Dr. Antione Kalinganire of IRT at the Launch meeting in Amman in May of 2013.

The nations involved were Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Nigeria. Inception phase achievements included;
• an intense 6 month period of ground work to characterize the systems and include defining constraints and opportunities
• the organization of regional inception workshop
• participation in the 11th international conference on development of drylands in Beijing
• formulation of hypothesis and defining research questions in different action sites
• building partner capacity
• assembling a work plan and budget
• a review of key partnerships

Key activites were planned including the assembly of baselines for the action site support systems and a quantification of the biomass and resource flow at the action sites. Major partner participation was enlisted from local institutions, regional and international centers and CG centers.

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West Africa Sahel and Dryland Savannah Outcomes of the Inception Phase

  1. 1. Dryland SystemsIntegrated Agricultural Production Systemsfor Improved Food Security and Livelihoodsin Dry AreasWAS&DSOutcomes of theInception PhaseAntoine Kalinganire & IRTAmman, Jordan, May 2013. Launch meeting of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems (CRP1.1)
  2. 2. Dryland Systems WAS&DS Inceptionworkshop
  3. 3. WAS & DS countries1. Burkina Faso2. Ghana3. Mali4. Niger5. Nigeria
  4. 4. Contrasted trans-boundary action transects sample larger biophysical and socio-economic variation thanany administrative unit of comparable area. Already intensified and highly populated, KKM may dominantlyfocus on vulnerability reduction. Conversely, sustainable intensification should be prioritized over theextensive, sparsely populated WBS. Within and between-transect knowledge transfers will be promoted.
  5. 5. Inception phase achievements WAS&DS:• Intense 6-month period ground work to characterize the systems(biophysical and socio-economical), including defining majorconstraints to an enhanced agricultural productivity.• Organization of a regional Inception Workshop.• Participate in the 11th International Conference on Developmentof Drylands, Beijing. Paper finalized and being reproduced.• Formulation of hypotheses and defining research questions indifferent action sites.• Building partners capacity (FMNR, Rapid Tree metrics & GIS, etc.)• Work plan & Budget for 2013.• Key partnerships and potential roles in the implementation of theprogram.
  6. 6. Planned key activities:• Establish reference situation - baselines for the action sites supportsystems approaches.• Assess, quantify and monitor biomass and resource flow in actionsites to promote sustainable intensification and vulnerabilityreduction.• Review past work on dryland systems and draw lessons onsuccesses, failures and gaps in knowledge for sustainableintensification and vulnerability reduction.• Facilitate effective linkages and knowledge exchange for improvedsystem productivity, better market access and financial services.• Develop and test intensification options and evaluate vulnerabilityand risk management strategies.• Coordinate and harmonize database management, and researchmethods.
  7. 7. Partners participationLocal institutions:• Farmers’ organizations (CBOs)• NARES• Private sector• Development organizations, NGOs, Women Groups, etcRegional and international institutions:• ARI (CIRAD, CSIRO etc.)• Regional organizations (ECOWAS, CILSS, CORAF, FARA, etc.)• International organizations (AVRDC)• Universities (Wageningen, Reading etc)CGs:• CGIAR Centers (ICARDA, IMWI, ICRAF, CIAT, CIP, ICRISAT, ILRI, Bioversity…)• Other CRPsCollaboration and partnerships are fundamental to the operational strategy of DrylandSystems – a lot of work to be done in this area
  8. 8. Projects contributing to the DS CRP• An integrated cereal-livestock-tree system for sustainable land-use andimproved livelihoods of smallholder farmers in the Sahel (Enhance productivity,livelihoods and sustainability under changing climate and increasing landdegradation) (CORAF/AusAID)• Sustainable Intensification of Cereal-Based Farming Systems in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone (USAID)• Agro-ecological intensification of sorghum and pearl millet-based productionsystems in the Sahel through agroforestry: linking farmers’ knowledge toprocess-based science Agro-Ecological Intensification (McKnight)• Building Bio-carbon for rural development in West Africa (demonstrate themultiple developmental and environmental wins that result from a high valuebiocarbon approach to climate change and variability in large landscapes)(Finland),• Regional program on food and water in the Sahel and the horn of Africa:regenerating dryland farming systems by creating an Evergreen Agriculture (TheNetherlands)• Parkland trees and livelihoods: adapting to climate change in the West AfricanSahel (diversify, improve and conserve native tree species in parklandagroforests) (IFAD)
  9. 9. Thank you!

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