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North Africa/West Asia - Intermediate Development Outcomes

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A report from the CRP1.1 launch meeting in Amman, Jordan outlines the products of the inception phase, namely the groundwork for baseline characterization of each region and the products of the …

A report from the CRP1.1 launch meeting in Amman, Jordan outlines the products of the inception phase, namely the groundwork for baseline characterization of each region and the products of the workshops that were set up to establish research priorities. The common ground between the regions consisted of 21 shared constraints, 20 shared outputs, 16 shared hypothesis and 20 shared outcomes.

Criteria for Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs) were also established during the inception phase. Criteria are meant to be: informed by and have buy in from key stakeholders, integrated across CRPs, fully aligned with CG system level IDOs, completed by Sept 30, 2013, and composed of three 3-year cycles.

Seven impacts from established IDOs were established and cross-cutting themes and program level tools instituted. Definite impact goals were also specified with 10-20% increases in productivity for systems targeted for vulnerability reduction and 20-30% increases in productivity have been slated for systems which can be sustainably intensified. A 20% adoption rate within action sites was also established during the inception phase as a major area of focus for the Dryland Systems CRP.

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  • 1. CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013 Title Inception Phase • Groundwork for baseline characterization • Workshops to set Research Priorities Common Ground 1) 21 Constraints 2) 20 Outputs 3) 16 Hypotheses 4) 20 Outcomes
  • 2. TitleIntermediate Development Outcomes • Part of Theory of Change, Impact Pathway and Consortium’s results-based performance management system. Results Based Management is a management philosophy and approach that emphasizes development results in planning, implementation, learning and reporting. It focuses on improved performance that can be described and measured while helping individuals to plan, manage and learn more effectively. • The CRP Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs) will play a pivotal role in the system, expressing the ambition of CRPs and providing the building blocks for Consortium-level achievement through the Strategic Results Framework (SRF). CRP IDOs are meant to be: • informed by and have buy in from key stakeholders • integrated across CRPs to the extent possible • fully aligned with system level IDOs. • Completed by September 30, 2013 deadline of 30 September for as many CRPs as possible. • Composed of three 3-year cycles, i.e. they have ~10 year time lines
  • 3. TitleFrom Launch Meeting in Amman (May 2012) 7 IDOs from 20 Common Outcomes from Inception Workshops The first 4 are on wellbeing and sustaining natural resource base: 1. More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas. 2. More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households. 3. Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources. 4. More sustainable and equitable management of land and water resources in pastoral and agropastoral regions. The rest relate to requirements for the first 4 to be realized 5. Better functioning markets underpinning intensification of rural livelihoods. 6. More integrated, effective and connected service delivery institutions underpinning resilience and system intensification. 7. Policy reform removing constraints and creating incentives for rural households to engage in more sustainable practices that improve resilience and intensify production.
  • 4. Impacts from IDOs 1. More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas. 2. More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households (those above an asset threshold that makes intensification a viable option). 3. Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources 4. More sustainable and equitable management of land and water resources in pastoral and agropastoral areas 5. Better functioning markets underpinning intensification of rural livelihoods 6. More integrated, effective and connected service delivery institutions underpinning resilience and system intensification 7. Policy reform removing constraints and incentivising rural households to engage in more sustainable practices that intensify and improve resilience and intensify production
  • 5. The global research partnership to improve agricultural productivity and income in the world's dry areas Cross-cutting Themes and Program-level Tools • Gender • Youth • Biodiversity • Capacity building • Modeling • Geoinformatics • Research Support Systems
  • 6. Impact More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas Outputs • Improved resilience options (components, interactions and their management; explicit consideration of buffer functions, managing trade-offs between production and risk; nested scale risk mitigation, including incentives to adopt them) • Tools, methods, processes and capacity of NARES to create and customise improved resilience options to local circumstances across scaling domains Outcome NARES use tools, methods and processes to generate and customise improved resilience options for targeted groups of vulnerable households Indicators Use of outputs: number and size of organisations using them and their areal and population domains; proportion of sector in targeted areas this represents Customised options: number of options and number of hh targeted Resilience index: contextualised multiscale assessment of resilience building strategies at household and community levels (see Marschke, and Berkes. 2006)
  • 7. Impact More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households Outputs • Improved intensification options (components, interactions and their management; information on investment costs, returns and risk; risk mitigation) • Tools, methods, processes and capacity of NARES1 to create and customise improved intensification options to local circumstances across scaling domains Outcome NARES1 use tools, methods and processes to generate and customise improved intensification options for targeted groups of intesifiable households Indicators Increase: i)absolute increase, ii)% increase, iii) % of hh above poverty threshold Stability: iv)variance in per capita annual income (nine year rolling); v)trend in iii Use of outputs: number and size of organisations using them and their areal and population domains; proportion of sector in targeted areas this represents Customised options: number of options and number of hh targeted
  • 8. Impact Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources Outputs • Diagnosis and identification of constraints and opportunities of local food systems leading to improved year round access to food and diversified diets • Systematic research on interventions to address identified constraints and opportunities, leading to a matrix of tested interventions and delivery strategies associated with the contexts in which they work Outcome NARES and health sector organisations work together and adopt diagnostic and systematic research approaches to promoting and developing interventions to improve vulnerable women and children’s access to, and control of, more and more diverse food sources, throughout the year Indicators Dietary diversity: i)time concentration index of number of food groups and individual foods consumed by women and children in sample hh ii)proportion of women and children above threshold dietary diversity in target communities. Integration: network strength amongst agricultural and health workers and organisations Adoption: number and size of organisations, their areal and population domains; proportion of sector in targeted areas this represents Interventions: number of interventions and number of hh they target
  • 9. Impact More sustainable and equitable management of land and water resources in pastoral and agropastoral areas Outputs • Technologies, tools, methods, processes and approaches developed and tested for evidence-based ecosystem management • Focus on negotiation support (amongst stakeholders) and governance models Outcome Multiple stakeholders (gender, age) in pastoral / agropastoral areas , use evidence-based ecosystem management, at community level in the governance of common and privately managed land and water resources Indicators Area: i)ha and proportion of target area under governance arrangements meeting equity standards set a priori People: ii)gender-disaggregated number of people and proportion of target population encompassed by land area in i) Use of outputs: number and size of communities adopting evidence based governance models developed by DS Effect: trends in NVDI over time for areas under and outside new governance models
  • 10. Impact Better functioning markets underpin intensification of rural livelihoods Outputs – Modes of operation to lower transaction costs through development of assembly points and market hubs – More innovative partnership models involving entrepreneurs, marketing commissions, traders and warrantage (inventory credit systems) – Improved market information systems Outcome Farmers and pastoralists (especially women) have better access to more diverse, efficient and equitable markets Indicators Efficiency: trend in average transaction cost for key marketed products Equity: proportion of product value accruing to rural households Access: Gender disaggregated numbers of people and proportions of target population with access to better functioning markets
  • 11. Impact More integrated, effective and connected service delivery institutions underpinning system intensification and resilience Outputs – Improved and innovative extension methods better targeted to message and context and tools to assist in selection of appropriate methods – Improved models for interaction amongst service providers to enable integration of service provision amongst sectors – Innovative public-private partnership models for service delivery Outcome Service providers adopt innovations to improve their effectiveness, integration and reach Indicators Reach: gender disaggregated numbers and proportions of people and rural households accessing services Uptake: Number and proportion of service provider using models and methods developed by Dryland Systems
  • 12. Impact Removal of constraints and incentives lead to rural households engaging in more sustainable practices that increase resilience and intensify production Outputs – Analysis of policy and institutional barriers to adoption of sustainable intensification options – Ex-ante analysis and other quantified impact of effectiveness of policy alternatives – Policy briefs providing evidence targeting key fora for policy change Outcome Policy makers reform and institutions implement policies that remove constraints to, and improve incentives for, rational management of natural resources Indicators Effect: numbers and proportions (within target areas) of rural households adopting more sustainable practices Policy: documented change in policies and the number and proportions of people and area potentially affected Implementation: assessment of policy implementation
  • 13. GOAL (IMPACT): PURPOSE (OUTCOMES): Customised options: number of options and number of hh targeted OUTPUTS: 1.Improved resilience options (components, interactions and their management; explicit consideration of buffer functions, managing trade- offs between production and risk; nested scale risk mitigation, including incentives to adopt them) 2.Tools, methods, processes and capacity of NARES to create and customise improved resilience options to local circumstances across scaling domains Resilience index: contextualised multiscale assessment of resilience building strategies at household and community levels. Use of outputs: number and size of organisations using them and their areal and population domains; proportion of sector in targeted areas this represents More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas NARES use tools, methods and processes to generate and customise improved resilience options for targeted groups of vulnerable households Narrative Summary Objectively Verifiable Indicators
  • 14. Outputs/activities Milestones O.V.I.** Region/locatio n Projects/partners* **Deliverables Years * Component 1. Reducing vulnerability and managing risk in NAWA Output 1.1. Functional innovation platforms established for the design and transfer of improved R4D options in target sites Activity 1.1.1. Establish, monitor and evaluate strategic innovation platform for reducing vulnerability of the agropastoral system in the target sites Fully functional strategic innovation platform established and supported 1,2,3 Operational strategic innovation platforms Target satellite site in Tunisia, outscaled to Syria and Jordan action site. - IFAD-PRODESUD Project (on-going) - IRA-MESRS (on- going) -Aga Khan Foundation, Syria Mechanisms for cross site learning developed and implemented 1,2 Cross site learning activities Guidelines for planning and implementing community-based innovation platform communal rangelands developed and distributed 3 Best practices guidelines Activity 1.1.2. Establish, monitor and evaluate an intervention innovation cluster ( water harvesting and use) Operational arrangements including public- private partnerships for the implementation of mechanized water harvesting packages in the pastoral system 1, 2, 3 Signed agreements among partners for the operation of the unit - Established rules and responsibilities of community institution - Legalization of the cooperative/water- harvesting association and declaration Target satellite site in Tunisia, Syria and Jordan action site Arab Fund, WLI//USAID, Jordan government, Agha Khan Foundation (Syria) Hashemite Fund for Badia Development (Jordan) Activity 1.1.3. Establish, monitor and evaluate commodity- innovation clusters (sheep, cactus, medicinal and herbal plants, small scale dairy processing) Strategy for scaling out income generating micro-enterprises using (i) available cactus processing technologies; (ii) small scale dairy processing units (women association) in 4 villages; (iii) income generating activities/ HMAP 1, 2, 3 Trainings on milk processing conducted for 4 women groups in 2012 and 2013 Changes in quality and of prices of dairy products produced by women trained in the project. Protocol for HMAP cultivation, processing and marketing Protocol for cactus products transformation Target satellite site in Tunisia (cactus, HMAPs), and in Syria and Jordan action site (dairy processing, HMAPs). OFID project (Enhancing dairy processing skills and market access of rural women in Jordan) Aga Khan Foundation, Syria NCARE HMAP division PAM program in Tunisia Activity 1.1.4. Establish, monitor and evaluate an Strategy defined, CBO’s formed and documentation of lessons learned in 2,3 Strategy defined by 2013 and at least two CBO’s formed by the end of 2013 with Target satellite site in Syria, Jordan, Tunisia Arab Fund, WLI//USAID, Jordan government, Agha Khan Foundation
  • 15. Led By: W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - W1&2 W3 Bilateral - - - Funding - specify amount for each 2013 Total funding Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Project end date if not 2013 Project end date if not 2013 IDO 7. Policy reform removing constraints and creating incentives for rural households to engage in more sustainable practices that improve resilience and intensify production ID # Activity title Activity description* Target Region(s) Outputs Outcomes Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Time Frame Anticipated Activity Outcomes Target Countries Action Site(s) Activity Leader(s) Other partners & % resources Linkage to Other CRP(s) Other partners & % resources Linkage to Other CRP(s) Funding - specify amount for each 2013 Total funding Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral 2013 Total funding Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Project end date if not 2013 IDO 6. More integrated, effective and connected service delivery institutions underpinning resilience and system intensification ID # Activity title Activity description* Target Region(s) Outputs Outcomes Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Time Frame Anticipated Activity Outcomes Target Countries Action Site(s) Activity Leader(s) IDO 5. Better functioning markets underpinning intensification of rural livelihoods ID # Activity title Activity description* Target Region(s) Outputs Outcomes Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Time Frame Anticipated Activity Outcomes Target Countries Action Site(s) Activity Leader(s) Other partners & % resources Linkage to Other CRP(s) Funding - specify amount for each ID # Activity title ID # Activity title Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Activity description* Target Region(s) Outputs Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Activity description* Outcomes IDO 1. More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas IDO 2. More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households ICARDA 2013 Activity Plan - CRP Dryland Systems, Amounts in USD 000' 2013 Total funding Linkage to Other CRP(s) Target Countries Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Project end date if not 2013 Other partners & % resources Funding - specify amount for each Target Region(s) Outputs Outcomes Activity Leader(s) 2013 Total funding Anticipated Activity OutcomesTime Frame Linkage to Other CRP(s) Target Countries Action Site(s) Action Site(s) Funding - specify amount for each Other partners & % resources Activity Leader(s) Project end date if not 2013 Anticipated Activity Outcomes Target Countries Activity Leader(s) Project end date if not 2013 Other partners & % resources Action Site(s) Time Frame Anticipated Activity Outcomes Activity Leader(s)Target Region(s) Outputs Action Site(s)Outcomes Linkage to Other CRP(s) Funding - specify amount for each 2013 Total funding Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Outcomes IDO 3. Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources IDO 4. More sustainable and equitable management of land, water and genetic resources in pastoral and agropastoral systems Other partners & % resources Linkage to Other CRP(s) Funding - specify amount for each 2013 Total funding Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Project end date if not 2013 ID # Donor(s) for W3 & bilateral Time FrameActivity title Activity description* Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Target Region(s) Outputs ID # Activity title Activity description* Specific Verifiable Deliverables in 2013 Time Frame Anticipated Activity Outcomes Target Countries
  • 16. Observations made by chair of Working Group on IDOs: • We needed to create new credible targets of impact for the new IDOs • We were cautioned about having too many sites (10 was seen as too many to implement at once) • Go slower and not try to be everywhere at once • We need more specifics on partnerships including their roles in impact pathway • Integration with other CRPs is not fleshed out as much as it could. Intermediate Development Outcomes
  • 17. Output Outcome Impact and Partnership: Lack of specificity on how we would get to outcome with partners Target impacts for IDOs: Urgent need for a more credible job fixing target impacts for each IDO Intermediate Development Outcomes Stakeholder Reaction
  • 18. Impact Goals Region Lives Improved (millions) Land Degradation Mitigated (km2) SubSaharan Africa 20.0 600,000 Central Asia 0.5 940 South Asia 65.0 465,000 North Africa and West Asia 1.1 18,600 Total Impact in Dryland Areas 86.6 1,084,540 • 10-20% increase in productivity in SRT2 systems • 20-30% increase in productivity in SRT3 systems • 20% adoption rate within Action Sites • Larger scope for impact through outscaling
  • 19. • “Clustered” Activities in Prioritized Workplans to achieve Seven IDOs • Use of Standard Logframe Template • Specificity on:  Sites  Outputs  Outcomes  Deliverables  Activity Leaders  Partnerships  Timelines • Better Impact Targets • Budget Principles Meeting Expectations