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The TRIPS meeting for North Africa and West Asia took place from July 26 to 28. This presentation, presented by Dr. Ali Nefzaoui, Dr. Rachid Serraj, Dr. Maarten van Ginkel, and Dr. William Payne covered NA & WA Target Area and action site characterization. Basic descriptors included climate, topography, soils, water resources, land use/land cover, land degradation, demography, agricultural systems, governance, and research opportunities. Sites were delineated into high potential areas which are mainly cereal and fruit tree based and low potential areas which are mainly agropastoral and pastoral systems.
The presentation outlines means of reducing vulnerability and managing risk in high and low potential areas and describes their climate regimes. It also identifies constraints, hypothesis and outputs for both types of areas. Low potential area constraints include high population growth, limited water resources, transitional production systems, more frequent and prolonged droughts and inappropriate policies of land use.
Constraints for high production areas (areas in which sustainable intensification for more productive, profitable and diversified dryland agriculture with well established linkages to markets) include pressure to be efficient in order to compete globally, small farms inability to benefit from economies of scale and youth preference to transition to cities for livelihoods.