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North Africa and West Asia Outcomes of the Inception Phase
 

North Africa and West Asia Outcomes of the Inception Phase

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The TRIPS meeting for North Africa and West Asia took place from July 26 to 28. This presentation, presented by Dr. Ali Nefzaoui, Dr. Rachid Serraj, Dr. Maarten van Ginkel, and Dr. William Payne ...

The TRIPS meeting for North Africa and West Asia took place from July 26 to 28. This presentation, presented by Dr. Ali Nefzaoui, Dr. Rachid Serraj, Dr. Maarten van Ginkel, and Dr. William Payne covered NA & WA Target Area and action site characterization. Basic descriptors included climate, topography, soils, water resources, land use/land cover, land degradation, demography, agricultural systems, governance, and research opportunities. Sites were delineated into high potential areas which are mainly cereal and fruit tree based and low potential areas which are mainly agropastoral and pastoral systems.

The presentation outlines means of reducing vulnerability and managing risk in high and low potential areas and describes their climate regimes. It also identifies constraints, hypothesis and outputs for both types of areas. Low potential area constraints include high population growth, limited water resources, transitional production systems, more frequent and prolonged droughts and inappropriate policies of land use.

Constraints for high production areas (areas in which sustainable intensification for more productive, profitable and diversified dryland agriculture with well established linkages to markets) include pressure to be efficient in order to compete globally, small farms inability to benefit from economies of scale and youth preference to transition to cities for livelihoods.

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    North Africa and West Asia Outcomes of the Inception Phase North Africa and West Asia Outcomes of the Inception Phase Presentation Transcript

    • Launch Meeting Amman, 21-23May 2013The global research partnership to improve agricultural productivity and income in the worlds dry areasAli Nefzaoui, Rachid Serraj , Maarten van Ginkel ,William Payne and NARES from Egypt, Iran, Jordan,Morocco, Syria and TunisiaIntegrated Agricultural ProductionSystems for Improved Food Securityand Livelihoods in North Africa andWest Asia
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleNA & WA Target areasand action sitesSites characterizationBiophysical descriptorsClimateTopographySoils)Water resourcesLand use/land coverLand degradationSocio-economicdescriptorsDemographyAgricultural systemsGovernance, institutions, policiesOpportunities foragricultural research
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Sites characterizationHigh potential areas: Cereal-based system Fruit trees based systemLow potential areas: Agropastoral system Pastoral system3
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Main production systemsBeni Khedache- Sidi BouzidMeknesKarkheh RiverBasinTafileh-SalamyaHigh potential areasLow potential areas
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleReducing vulnerability and managing riskin NAWA “Low potential areas”
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Syria-Jordan SiteAI: 0.05-0.35E-W & S-N gradientAridity Index
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleSyria-Jordan Site(Climate/ Precipitation and PET) West-East gradient (400 to 100 mm) High temporal variability of precipitation(CV% 23-60%)
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Béni Khédache-Sidi Bouzid Site
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Béni Khédache-Sidi Bouzid SitePrecipitation & PET100-150250-3001650135080-237mm/year(CV:38 to 59 %)
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitlePastoralAgropastoralPA.I703000.070.35Low potential areas
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013 The driest areas of NA&WA embrace more than 60 % of the arableland. High population growth rates, large and rapidly increasing foodand feed deficits, rural poverty Limited natural resources, especially water Rural livelihoods based on production systems in which smallruminants represent the principal economic output. Production systems in transition Inappropriate policies of land use, incentives and lack of securedproperty rights More frequent and prolonged droughts associated with globalwarming have worsened the vulnerability of agropastoral societiesTitleLow potential areas/ Constraints
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleLow potential areas/ HypothesesHypothesis 1: The use of innovation platform (IP) incommunity-based organization of rangeland involving agro-pastoral stakeholders will help halt land degradation andrestore ecosystems and improve livelihoodsHypothesis 2: Rangeland production systems can be made lessrisky and more resilient by integrated technical, institutionaland policy innovations that aim at rangeland rehabilitation andsustainable managementHypothesis 3: Barley-sheep system productivity and resiliencecan be enhanced through integrated improvements inpolicy, institutional set-up and technologies(feed, health, adapted breeds), and markets (capital, input andproduct).
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleLow potential areas/ HypothesesHypothesis 4: Integrating appropriate water harvesting as wellas soil and water conservation practices will improve livestockproductivity and reduce risks and vulnerability of agro-pastoralcommunitiesHypothesis 5: System analysis including bioeconomic modelingand market analysis will facilitate policy and institutionalchanges and the outscaling of innovationsHypothesis 6: Equitable distribution of benefits andresponsibilities through more effective participation of youthand women in the decision making process will enhance socio-economic development of the target areas
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleLow potential areas/ Outputs (7)Output 1. Functional innovation platforms established for thedesign and transfer of improved R4D options in target sitesOutput 2. Integrated socio-economic and biophysical baselinedata established and regularly updated for monitoring andtracking the dynamics of the systems and program outcomesOutput 3. Adapted technological, institutional and policy options(TIPOs) for reducing vulnerability of the barley–sheepproduction system developed and implementedOutput 4. Options for improving rangeland-livestock systemresilience, livelihoods of agro-pastoralists and natural resourcesconservation developed
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleLow potential areas/ OutputsOutput 5. Gender-specific options for income diversification& risk management for vulnerable households in the targetsitesOutput 6. Trade-offs amongst options for reducingvulnerability and risk mitigation analyzed to develop adaptedcoping strategies and optimized systems design, and scalingup/out improved integrated TIPOsOutput 7. Impact of the R4D measured and future scenariosdeveloped for the target vulnerable areas
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title High potential areasSustainable intensification for moreproductive, profitable and diversifieddryland agriculture with well-established linkages to markets
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Meknès-Saiss (Morocco) Site
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013Title Egypt-Delta Site
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleKarkheh River Basin (Iran) Site
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleHigh potential areas/ Constraints Production systems are under pressure to be efficient inorder to compete with global players. Small farms cannot benefit from economies of scale such aseffective mechanization, and lack opportunities ofcapitalization and access to input markets. Youngsters are increasingly looking for alternativeopportunities in the cities where employment is scarce. Theresult is unbridled urbanization with slums and social unrest. Two-pronged approach: aggregate the smaller units whileretaining the work force on the farms or develop alternativeproduction systems that can be competitive on a worldmarket through high-value crops or animal products.
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleHigh potential areas/ HypothesesHypothesis 1: Some form of farm aggregation (association/organized farmers groups) will lead to the realization ofeconomies of size, thereby leading to increased access toinnovations, improved market efficiencies, competitivenessand value additionHypothesis 2: Rainfed wheat-based system can besustainably intensified and diversified through crop-tree-livestock integration, agricultural innovations, andinstitutional arrangements providing pathways out ofpovertyHypothesis 3: Irrigated production systems can besustainably intensified through policies and institutions thatensure efficient use of land and water resources.
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleHigh potential areas/ Hypotheses Hypothesis 4: Use of innovation systems approach will enhancethe adoption and utilization of improved technologies, marketsand policies Hypothesis 5: Equitable distribution of responsibilities andbenefits along the value chain among men, women and youthwill enhance development of the target areas; Hypothesis 6: System analysis of production and market systemperformance will allow optimal intensification of the productionand market systems and the assessment of potential impact ofinnovations both in socio-economic and ecological terms. Hypothesis 7: Achieving gender equality will greatly contributeto the elimination of hunger and poverty through achievingequality between women and men in sustainable agriculturalproduction and rural development efforts.
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleHigh potential areas/ Outputs (9)Output 1. Innovation platforms for technology transfer, access tomarket, credit and insurance are developed and operationalOutput 2. Rainfed mixed wheat-based system are profitably andsustainably intensified and diversified through integrated crop-vegetable-tree-livestock TIPOs in the action sitesOutput 3. Irrigated production systems sustainably intensified byoptimizing water and land productivity while conserving andvalorizing natural resources (land, water, biodiversity)Output 4. Harvest and post-harvest practices improved, andadded-value options tested for better market access in the targetsites
    • CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems – Launch Meeting, Amman 21-23 May 2013TitleHigh potential areas/ OutputsOutput 5. Policy and institutional options related to farmers’aggregation, market and value chain integration, landfragmentation, water valuation and allocation evaluatedOutput 6. Effective mechanisms for rural women and youthempowerment developed and tested, to equitably share benefitsand responsibilitiesOutput 7. Models and knowledge management systems developedand applied for optimized systems design, and scaling up/outimproved Integrated TIPOsOutput 8. Trade-offs between systems intensification, diversificationand resource use and conservation analyzed and sustainabilityscenarios developedOutput 9. Impact of the R4D monitored and future scenariosdeveloped for the target sites