Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ILRI summary report and planned activities

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Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ILRI - This presentation outlines planned ILRI activities for the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems in the West African Sahel and Dry Savannas.

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Day 1_Session3_TRIPS_WASDS_ILRI summary report and planned activities

  1. 1. Drylands Systems CRP – Scientific Planning Meeting WAS&DS Summary Report & Planned activities
  2. 2. Activities carried out • Participation in various iIRT/IRT meetings • Collation of background data on Fakara (one of the satellite sites for KKM action transect) and contribution to groundwork report • Organization of stakeholders’ consultation meeting in Fakara for the groundwork in April 2012 • Participation in regional inception workshop. ILRI sponsored 4 participants • ILRI internal CRP DS meeting in Nairobi on 7 Sept 2012 – planning meeting to coordinate ILRI’s strategy and to provide updates on ILRI background work in 3 regions (East and Southern Africa, West Africa and South Asia)
  3. 3. Activities carried out • Participation in CRP DS West Africa methodology workshop in Niamey, 17 – 19 September 2012 by ICRISAT • ILRI internal meeting on assessing the success of Innovation Platforms, Nairobi Dec 6,7 2012. All of the actors within ILRI who have worked or intend to use IP participated. Objectives: 1. Critically examine WHY ILRI uses innovation platforms in its R4D projects— what outcomes and outputs have we tried to achieve? 2. How have we evaluated the success and impact of innovation platforms? 3. What problems have we encountered using innovation platforms? 4. What have we learned? What do we need to do differently to achieve the desired outcomes and impacts through innovation platforms?
  4. 4. Activities carried out • Participation in WAS&DS Planning meeting in March, 2013 • Contribution to CRP DS for WAS&DS household survey instruments especially livestock component • Participation in CRP DS Launch Meeting, Amman, Jordan
  5. 5. On-going Activities • Recruitment of a PhD student to work on Climate Risk and the Effect of Institutional Arrangements on the Coping Capacity of Smallholder Agropastoralists in West African Sahel – University of Wisconsin, Madison • Objectives of the thesis - to identify aspects of local institutions that impact the ability of local livelihoods to cope with climate variability - examine how institutional ambiguity among community institutions, local government, and national legislation shapes the livelihood security of different social groups • Approach - household surveys, environmental data on resource variability, social network analysis, and case studies of local conventions
  6. 6. On-going Activities • Review and synthesis of ILRI long-term (1994 – 2008) systems research activities in Fakara, southwestern Niger: Learning from the past - Consultant (Pierre Hiernaux, France) + AA • Deliverables - Database on systems research in Fakara from 1994 till now - Synthesis report on systems research in Fakara and in the West African Sahel in general identifying gaps and recommendations for future research • Fakara has a rich history of agricultural research from the late 1980s till now by different institutions • ILRI Niger in 1990s: multi-disciplinary team of 6 scientists (animal scientist, range ecologist/agronomist, agric. economist, geographer/anthropologist, soil
  7. 7. Charts of the farming systems research projects Climate Rural population Hydric sytems Institutions Soils Trade markets Vegetation Household economy Crop assessments Crop experiments Livestock experiments Livestock assessments Rain distribution radiation temperatures CO2, GHG Water vapor Ponds Gullies Infiltration Evaporation Water tables Boreholes, wells Geomorphology Crusts Soil fertility Organic matter Soil moisture Soil erosion Nutrients Land cover/landuse Herbaceous Woody plants Physiology Decomposition Crop growth & yields Weeds Yields Tillage-weeding Pests parasistes Fertiliser Manuring Associated crop trials Fertiliser trial Corralling trials Animal traction, Hata Agroforestry trials Feed supplements trials Transhumance trials Habanaï trial Population, herds Dairy production Herd mobility Feed supplementation Poultry production Sowing Harvest conservation Fallowing Agroforestry physiology Breed tests Grazing trials Weight gains/losses Reproduction Run-off/run- on Demography Settling ‘Exode’ Mobility Health Gender issues Education Cereals Political parties Associations Public policies Infrastructure & services Islam Local government Market places Crop inputs Livestock market Livesock feeds Wood & charcoal Land tenure Livestock capitalLabour Off-farm activities Revenue Expenses Youth issues Malnutrition Custom dairy debts Loans Remittance ss Vulnerabi- lity DANTLAIT ECliS-ANR INSORMIL ESCAPE- ANR Nutmon- Nutpast model Multi- agent model Projet Aide à la Décision ICRISAT farming systems ILRI- Habanaï project ILRI-Crop- livestock system
  8. 8. Systematic Observations and measures on sampled sites, animal, herds, individuals, farms… Process Mathematical Modeling (water Fluxes, vegetation Growth and decomposition, livestock Production Monitoring of state & flows through repeated visits and/or on-site devices Farming system modeling including georeferenced & with participatory model building Physico-chemical analysis on samples (soil, water, Vegetation, feed, excretions…) Mapping with remote-sensing tools & building Geographic information systems Survey through questionnaires on agriculture & husbandry practices, socio-economy, cultural issues & perceptions Experiments In controlled conditions & in farmer’s fields/herds & farmer’s trials Habanaï ILRI Soil Fertility management model ROSELT -Sahel NUTMON- NUTPAST model HAPEX-Sahel EPSA T TROPSOIL Banizoumbou observatory ESCAPE DANTLAIT ECLIS VASA- ANR Vulnerability SLP INSORMILGround water in SSA AMMA- CATCH Multi- agent model Projet Aide à la décision Hapex GB AMMA core core ILRI crop- livestock system BioCrust- ANR JIRCAS ICRISAT farming system IRD- Ecology IRD Soil sciences HAPEX- IRD agronomy Desert Margin Conflicts Soil Fertility management Chart of the main approaches used by the research projects in Fakara
  9. 9. Planned Activities 2013 • Review of past Systemwide Livestock Program (SLP) projects on crop-livestock intensification in West Africa Sahel and Dry Savanna • Assessment of trade-offs in resource use in the farming systems - Modelling (FARMSIM & LIVSIM developed by WUR) • Vulnerability and risk assessment including indigenous knowledge on coping strategies • Analysis of promising crop-livestock value chains in the action sites • IP establishment and facilitation to enhance effective linkages and knowledge exchange among different actors
  10. 10. ILRI staff for WAS&DS • Augustine Ayantunde – Animal science/NRM • Sabine Douxchamps (System analyst, to join in October 2013 and work also on CCAFS) • ICRISAT/ILRI joint Crop-livestock production scientist (under recruitment) • Mohammadou Fadiga – Agricultural economics, value chains analysis • Musa Abubakar – Research technician • Erin Kitchell – PhD student, University of Wisconsin, Madison (supervisor: Matt Turner)
  11. 11. International Livestock Research Institute Better lives through livestock Animal agriculture to reduce poverty, hunger and environmental degradation in developing countries www.ilri.org THANK YOU!

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