The main outputs of the inception phase for the CAC region were presented in May of 2013 at the CRP1.1 launch in Amman. Characterization of the Aral Sea Basin included discussion of low rainfall and …
The main outputs of the inception phase for the CAC region were presented in May of 2013 at the CRP1.1 launch in Amman. Characterization of the Aral Sea Basin included discussion of low rainfall and high rainfall variability, a strong dependence on agriculture for employment and large farm privatization and land reform schemes. Land and water degradation which took place under the Soviet era were very significant and caused irreversible damage to ecosystems and water quality through waterlogging soils and poor water distribution planning which has led to low yields, low water productivity and in the end low incomes. However, a myriad of partnerships already exist and can be readily capitalized upon to improve upon water management practices.
Past and current research has focused on the effects of agronomic and water management practices on water productivity, defining water management practices under water deficit conditions, research on saline and marginal quality water, trans-boundary water allocation, and modeling of groundwater of groundwater quality and quantity.
Germplasm enhancement and crop improvement are also key result areas in the CAC region where introduction and testing of improved germplasm to address production constraints is taking place. To date about 65 varieties have been released and new crops like sorghum and pearl millet are being introduced.
Efforts to promote conservation agriculture and value added processes like wool, mohair and cashmere are also underway with more than 1.6 million ha. currently under conservation practices and a successful sheep breeding program underway in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan.
Research sites and their characterization as well as the hypothesis and linkages with other CRPs were also touched upon.