Mobile Learning in Malaysia
Norazah Nordin, PhD
Mobile Learning Association of Malaysia
CRN MLEF /AMI Mobile Learning Work...
Menu
• Words from the Minister
• Mobile Learning Research in the Institute of
Higher Educations
• Mobile Learning Associat...
Something to ponder?
In terms of Mobile Learning, it is argued that
there is a growing appreciation that learning is
more ...
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Mobile Learning Research Initiatives in
Malaysia
• More recently, some Malaysian researchers have
conducted ground breakin...
Words from the Minister
Mobile Learning would contribute to the
success of the implementation of one of the 21
Critical Ag...
Words from the Director General
MOHE, through the Higher Education
Leadership Academy (AKEPT), will continue to
provide su...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research on Mobile Learning in
Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Blended Learning in UKM Context
• Face-to-face
• LMS – SPIN
• Mobile content

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 No...
Methodology
Two Phase Study
• Phase 1 - Design and Development of mobile content
for the Research Methodology course
• Pha...
Instrument
Self-report questionnaire
• Demography– to establish the background of the students.
• Handset and service info...
The Samples
120 Post-graduate
students who were
taking the Research
Methodology Course
at the Faculty of
Education, UKM

C...
System Architecture to support applications over mobile
devices

DB
Connect

Content
Content builder

Content
management

...
Mobile Content
Registration Menu of the
Research Methodology Course

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Mobile Content
Introduction

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Mobile Content
Content Menu of the Research
Methodology Course Mobile Content

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 N...
Mobile Content
Content Menu of the Research
Methodology Course Mobile Content

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 N...
Mobile Content
Mobile Forum of the
Research Methodology Course

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Mobile Content
Mobile Forum Content of the
Research Methodology Course

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Mobile Content
Mobile Forum Content of the
Research Methodology Course

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 201...
Research Outcome
The students agreed that mobile phones can be used for
teaching and learning and the mobile content devel...
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Mobile Learning Association of
Malaysia (MLAM)

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
MLAM Activities

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Ipad in Teaching & Learning

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
Issues and Challenges
•
•
•
•

Adaptive Learning
Limited Text Display
Instant Communication
Infrastructure

CRN/MLEF/AMI M...
Conclusion
• Mobile Learning in line with the aspiration of the
Ministry of Education and initiatives from various
organiz...
Thank you

CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop
(20 Nov. 2013)
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Mobile Learning Initiatives in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions

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Presentation conducted by Associate Professor Dr Norazah Mohd Nordin Honorary Secretary of Mobile Learning Association of Malaysia for workshop titled Mobile Learning in Australia and Malaysia: Towards Collaboration held at the University of Southern Queensland on the 20th of November 2013. This workshop was funded by the Australia Malaysia Institute and supported by the Australian Government's Collaborative Research Network

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Mobile Learning Initiatives in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions

  1. 1. Mobile Learning in Malaysia Norazah Nordin, PhD Mobile Learning Association of Malaysia CRN MLEF /AMI Mobile Learning Workshop 20 Nov. 2013 CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  2. 2. Menu • Words from the Minister • Mobile Learning Research in the Institute of Higher Educations • Mobile Learning Association of Malaysia • Issues and Challenges • Conclusion CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  3. 3. Something to ponder? In terms of Mobile Learning, it is argued that there is a growing appreciation that learning is more and more happening on the move going beyond the limitation of educational environments (Ros i Solé, Calic & Neijmann, 2010). CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  4. 4. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  5. 5. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  6. 6. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  7. 7. Mobile Learning Research Initiatives in Malaysia • More recently, some Malaysian researchers have conducted ground breaking research studies in Mobile Learnin • Promising and encouraging, albeit mixed results, as they highlight that Mobile Learning is perceived positively (Hashim, Wan Fatimah & Rohiza, 2010; Ismail, Gunasegaran, Koh & Idrus, 2010; Issack, Mussawir & Ramsawok, 2006; Jacob & Isaac, 2008; Naji Shukri & Abdul Razak, 2011; Norazah Mohd Nordin, Mohamed Amin, Ruhizan, Saemah & Melor, 2010; Zoraini Wati, Norziati & Ghang, 2009). CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  8. 8. Words from the Minister Mobile Learning would contribute to the success of the implementation of one of the 21 Critical Agenda Projects (CAP), that is e-Learning and the National Key Result Areas (NKRA) of the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE). Dato’ Seri Mohamed Khaled Nordin Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia January 2013 CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  9. 9. Words from the Director General MOHE, through the Higher Education Leadership Academy (AKEPT), will continue to provide support to train HEI’s lecturers with the latest delivery techniques including Mobile Learning in an effort to acculturate e-Learning more rapidly among all the lecturers . Prof. Dato’ Dr Rujhan Mustaoha Director General, Dept. of Higher Education Malaysia January 2013 CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  10. 10. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  11. 11. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  12. 12. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  13. 13. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  14. 14. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  15. 15. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  16. 16. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  17. 17. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  18. 18. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  19. 19. Research on Mobile Learning in Institute of Higher Education, Malaysia CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  20. 20. Blended Learning in UKM Context • Face-to-face • LMS – SPIN • Mobile content CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  21. 21. Methodology Two Phase Study • Phase 1 - Design and Development of mobile content for the Research Methodology course • Phase 2 - Evaluation of the mobile content developed. - Descriptive survey method - the questionnaire CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  22. 22. Instrument Self-report questionnaire • Demography– to establish the background of the students. • Handset and service information – to find out the types, the mobile service providers, the tariffs, and services (e.g. 2.5G or 3G). • Phone usage and practice – to survey information such as airtime, SMS, MMS, ring-tone download, Internet and other usages. • Acceptance of Mobile Phones for the Teaching and Learning of Research Methodology Course Descriptive statistics include frequency count and mean score were used in the data analysis CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  23. 23. The Samples 120 Post-graduate students who were taking the Research Methodology Course at the Faculty of Education, UKM CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  24. 24. System Architecture to support applications over mobile devices DB Connect Content Content builder Content management Off-line On-line WAP Gateway Simulator’s support Server-side Support Pages Web Server Internet CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013) Database
  25. 25. Mobile Content Registration Menu of the Research Methodology Course CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  26. 26. Mobile Content Introduction CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  27. 27. Mobile Content Content Menu of the Research Methodology Course Mobile Content CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  28. 28. Mobile Content Content Menu of the Research Methodology Course Mobile Content CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  29. 29. Mobile Content Mobile Forum of the Research Methodology Course CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  30. 30. Mobile Content Mobile Forum Content of the Research Methodology Course CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  31. 31. Mobile Content Mobile Forum Content of the Research Methodology Course CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  32. 32. Research Outcome The students agreed that mobile phones can be used for teaching and learning and the mobile content developed for the Research Methodology course benefit them The students were very liberal and interested to use mobile phones for teaching and learning purposes m-Learning activities were great ways to motivate the adult learners and foster interaction among them m-Learning has the potential to provide a personalized learning experience and it should be engaged in the learning process. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  33. 33. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  34. 34. Mobile Learning Association of Malaysia (MLAM) CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  35. 35. MLAM Activities CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  36. 36. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  37. 37. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  38. 38. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  39. 39. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  40. 40. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  41. 41. Ipad in Teaching & Learning CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  42. 42. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  43. 43. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  44. 44. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  45. 45. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  46. 46. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  47. 47. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  48. 48. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  49. 49. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  50. 50. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  51. 51. Issues and Challenges • • • • Adaptive Learning Limited Text Display Instant Communication Infrastructure CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  52. 52. Conclusion • Mobile Learning in line with the aspiration of the Ministry of Education and initiatives from various organization HAS GREAT POTENTIAL to further strengthen the move in creating alternative and dynamic instructional approaches, strategies, and techniques. • to initiate Mobile Learning in Malaysian context, SOME STUDIES AND COLLABORATIONS are crucial to be undertaken in order to explore the use and uptake of new learning applications, offered by mobiles and tablets glocally. CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
  53. 53. Thank you CRN/MLEF/AMI Mobile Learning Workshop (20 Nov. 2013)
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