OTN - CARI-CAN-The Canadian Innovation System

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OTN - CARI-CAN-The Canadian Innovation System

  1. 1. Malcolm Spencep Senior Coordinator, Intellectual Property, Science & Technology Issues malcolm.spence@crnm.org CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement
  2. 2. Why Canada was concernedWhy Canada was concerned • Relatively low productivity 82% f G G di• 1.82% of GDP – Gross Expenditure on Research and Development in 2002, down f 1 91% i 2001from 1.91% in 2001 • Low R&D expenditure by private sector • Significant small and medium enterprise sector CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 2
  3. 3. An Innovation SystemAn Innovation System The network of organisations, individuals and institutions which facilitates the generationinstitutions which facilitates the generation, use and sharing of technology and other knowledge and which drives the pace ofknowledge and which drives the pace of economically successful innovation. CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 3
  4. 4. • In 2000 Minister of Finance announced thatIn 2000, Minister of Finance announced that Canada should seek to move from 15th to 5th country in Governmental Expenditure on R&Dcountry in Governmental Expenditure on R&D as share of the Gross Domestic Product until 2010 tripling research investments in Canada2010, tripling research investments in Canada in 10 years. CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 4
  5. 5. • Reduced corporate taxes, improved regulatory environmentenvironment • Increased investment in R&D, created tax i iincentives • Provided focus on commercialisation CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 5
  6. 6. • Provided focus on commercialisation through:Provided focus on commercialisation through: Networks of Centres of Excellence Programme– Networks of Centres of Excellence Programme – Sustainable Development Technology Fund P t it l d f di– Pre‐venture capital, seed funding – Commercialisation units at Universities A il bili f hi hl lifi d l h h– Availability of highly qualified people through education and immigration CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 6
  7. 7. 2002 –Launched Double‐pronged Strategy2002 Launched Double pronged Strategy Achieving Excellence Knowledge Matters CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 7
  8. 8. Achieving ExcellenceAchieving Excellence Research Business environment CommunitiesCommunities CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 8
  9. 9. Knowledge MattersKnowledge Matters Tertiary plus education Staff Training Immigration Policy CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 9
  10. 10. Prime MinisterPrime Minister • Advisory Council on Science and Technology • National Science AdvisorNational Science Advisor CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 10
  11. 11. Minister of IndustryMinister of Industry • Industry Canada – National Research Council of Canada – Three other granting Research Council’s (Natural Science and Engineering; Social Sciences and Humanities; and Canadian Institutes of Health Research)Research) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 11
  12. 12. Minister of IndustryMinister of Industry • Industry Canada – Business Development Bank of Canada – Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions – Canada Foundation for Innovation CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 12
  13. 13. A few support programmes:A few support programmes: • Networks of Centres of Excellence C di h l k (j i i• Canadian Technology Network (just in time information for SMEs) • I2I (Ideas to Innovation) funds university researchers for work that is to be transferred to a commercial company. CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 13
  14. 14. A few more support programmes:A few more support programmes: • POP (Proof of Concept) d i l h i (f• Industrial Research Assistance Programme (for SMEs) • SR&ED Program (run by Canada Revenue Agency) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 14
  15. 15. • IRAP is run by the National Research CouncilIRAP is run by the National Research Council and is a kind of high‐risk Angel network with public fundingpublic funding CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 15
  16. 16. Major Tasks for IRAP are:Major Tasks for IRAP are: • To reach out to and understand the needs of its clients;its clients; • To develop communication networks; and • To expand Canada’s innovation system internationally CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 16
  17. 17. The backbone of the IRAP is its staff of IndustrialThe backbone of the IRAP is its staff of Industrial Technology Advisors l 0 i d i• Have at least 10 years industry experience • Offer technological assistance, market studies, feasibility studies for proof of concept and financing • Serve 12,000 clients each year CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 17
  18. 18. One target of National Innovation Strategy:One target of National Innovation Strategy: l l 0 i i ll i dDevelop at least 10 internationally recognised technology clusters CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 18
  19. 19. Some Canadian Innovation WebsitesSome Canadian Innovation Websites • Scientific Research and Experimental Development ProgrammeDevelopment Programme (www.craarc.gc.ca/taxcredit/sred/menu‐.html) C di F d ti f I ti• Canadian Foundation for Innovation (http://www.innovation.ca/en) N t k f C t f E ll• Networks of Centres of Excellence (http://www.nce‐rce.gc.ca/index_eng.asp) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 19
  20. 20. Some Canadian Innovation WebsitesSome Canadian Innovation Websites • International Science and Technology Partnerships (http //www istpcanada ca/home/)Partnerships (http://www.istpcanada.ca/home/) • About Canada – Innovation in Canada (h // / b d /i i /i d(http://www.mta.ca/about_canada/innovation/index .htm) C di I ti C t• Canadian Innovation Centre (http://www.innovationcentre.ca/) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 20
  21. 21. Some Canadian Innovation WebsitesSome Canadian Innovation Websites • National Research Council Canada – Industrial Research assistance Programme (IRAP)Research assistance Programme (IRAP) International Activities (http://www.nrc‐ cnrc gc ca/eng/ibp/irap/about/internationalcnrc.gc.ca/eng/ibp/irap/about/international‐ activities.html) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 21
  22. 22. Some Canadian Innovation WebsitesSome Canadian Innovation Websites • Industry Canada – Innovation, Research, Science and TechnologyScience and Technology (http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/ic1.nsf/eng/h_00074.ht ml)ml) • Canada’s Venture Capital and Private Equity Association CVCA (http://www cvca ca/)Association – CVCA (http://www.cvca.ca/) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 22
  23. 23. Some Canadian Innovation WebsitesSome Canadian Innovation Websites • “Innovation Policy in Canada – Strategies and Realities” by the Swedish Institute for GrowthRealities” by the Swedish Institute for Growth Policies Studies (http://www vinnova se/upload/EPiStorePDF/Innova(http://www.vinnova.se/upload/EPiStorePDF/Innova tionPolicyInCanada.pdf) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 23
  24. 24. An interesting look at possibleAn interesting look at possible future Canadian trade strategy • The Conference Board of Canada (http://www.conferenceboard.ca/documents.aspx?d id=3453) CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 24
  25. 25. Please visit our Website: h //http://www.crnm.org Email: jamaica.office@crnm.org barbados.office@crnm.org CARICOM-Canada Trade and Development Agreement 25

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