Overview of energy services along
        the value chain
                     5th February 2008


       Presentation to ...
Typical hydro-carbon value chain


                             Transmissio                   Distribution             Pet...
Examples of upstream services

 Project phase                   Energy Services                    Energy-related services...
Examples of upstream services




Project phase               Energy Services                        Energy-related servic...
Examples of mid-stream services




 Project phase                Energy Services                       Energy-related ser...
Examples of downstream services




 Project phase                   Energy Services                              Energy-r...
There is capacity to deliver most of the services demanded by the
hydro-carbon sector from Trinidad & Tobago companies.

H...
Trinidad & Tobago dominates regional
market for energy – also the major market for services
Price differentials have an impact on the demand for
              different types of services


                 Electric...
Demand for Energy Services




         Country                    Oil and Gas                       Renewables        Ref...
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Energy Services - Overview Presentation To Bizclim

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Energy Services - Overview Presentation To Bizclim

  1. 1. Overview of energy services along the value chain 5th February 2008 Presentation to BiZClim sponsored Consultation IADB-MIF Programme For Strengthening The Private Sector’s Role In The Caribbean Community’s External Trade Negotiations (ATN/MT-8694-RG)
  2. 2. Typical hydro-carbon value chain Transmissio Distribution Petroleum products Crude oil n by Refining and Retail of Pipeline Fuels Exploration Productio & Power n Transmission Development Generation Natural Gas Industrial Electricity and Transmission Transportation Residentia Liquefactio Re- by by n gasification Pipeline Tanker Gas l Consumer s Primary Transportation Petro- by chemical production Tanker Chemicals UPSTREAM MID-STREAM DOWNSTREAM CONTRACTED SERVICES
  3. 3. Examples of upstream services Project phase Energy Services Energy-related services Exploration • Seismic data acquisition • Legal services (license/PSC negotiations) • Geological evaluation • Taxation and commercial evaluation • Seismic data storage • Environmental Impact Assessment • Rig positioning • Advisory services (e.g. political risk, • Appraisal drilling community relations) • Wireline services • Health & Safety • Mud engineering and logging • Snubbing Services • Fishing and downhole services Development • Front End Engineering Design • Project Management • Development drilling • Environmental Impact Assessments • Wireline services • Commercial Evaluation • Mud engineering and logging • Human resource services (e.g. recruitment) • Snubbing Services • Health and Safety • Completions • Legal services – supply contract negotiations • Cementing • Fishing and downhole services • Equipment rental • Platform fabrication • Towing and position services • Pipeline construction • Sub-sea and diving services
  4. 4. Examples of upstream services Project phase Energy Services Energy-related services Upstream • Platform operations • Health and Safety operations • Supply boats • Training • Hospitality (accommodation and • Human resource services food) • Taxation and accounting services • Helicopter services • Platform and pipeline maintenance • Non-destructive testing • Pumping services • Chemical supplies
  5. 5. Examples of mid-stream services Project phase Energy Services Energy-related services Transportation • Pipeline transportation of gas or • Health and Safety oil • Trade and marketing • Shipping of oil • Shipping of LNG, LPG or CNG Refining and • Front End Engineering and • Legal services primary Design • Health and Safety processing • Engineering, Procurement • Training Construction • Human resource services • Plant construction • Taxation and accounting services • Plant operations • Environmental Impact Assessment • Plant “turn-arounds” and • Advisory services (e.g. political risk, maintenance community relations) • Port and pier operations • Marketing and trading
  6. 6. Examples of downstream services Project phase Energy Services Energy-related services Power • Power plant construction • Legal services generation • Power generation • Health and Safety • Maintenance • Training • Transmission line construction • Human resource services • Transmission of electricity • Taxation and accounting services • Distribution and sales • Environmental Impact Assessment • Energy efficiency advisory services • Advisory services (e.g. political risk, community relations) • Marketing and trading Retail and • Road tanker transportation of fuels • Legal services distribution • Pipeline transportation of fuels and gas • Health and Safety • Bulk sales of fuels • Training • Bunkering • Human resource services • Retail sales of gas by pipeline • Taxation and accounting services • Retail sale of LPG • Environmental Impact Assessment • Retail sales of gasoline or diesel • Advisory services (e.g. political risk, community relations) • Marketing and trading
  7. 7. There is capacity to deliver most of the services demanded by the hydro-carbon sector from Trinidad & Tobago companies. However: • Capacity in front-end engineering design and major project management is lacking, through this is increasingly supplied by joint-venture companies operating in T&T. • Very limited capacity in research and development activities: very few companies own the technology that they use to deliver services.
  8. 8. Trinidad & Tobago dominates regional market for energy – also the major market for services
  9. 9. Price differentials have an impact on the demand for different types of services Electricity prices - commercial Sourece: CARILEC
  10. 10. Demand for Energy Services Country Oil and Gas Renewables Refining and Power Transport and primary generation distribution of processing and fuels Exploration Production Exploration Production transmission Belize Barbados Dominican Republic Guyana Jamaica St Kitts / Nevis St Lucia Suriname Trinidad and Tobago

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