What policies would attract health professionals to rural areas?

1,305 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,305
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What policies would attract health professionals to rural areas?

  1. 1. What policies would attract health professionals to rural areas? Evidence from South Africa, Thailand and Kenya<br />Duane Blaauw<br />Centre for Health Policy, South Africa<br />Delivering Effective Health Care for All<br />Monday 29th March, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Possible interventions to attract health workers to under-served areas?<br />Grobler et al <br />(2009) <br />
  3. 3. Evidence of policy effectiveness?<br />Cochrane review (2009) found no rigorous controlled studies <br />Need more rigorous evaluations of impact<br />Methodological challenges<br />RCTs may not be possible<br />RCTs may not be sufficient<br />Interim solutions?<br />Longitudinal HR databases<br />Modelling of stated preference data <br />
  4. 4. Study methods<br />Discrete choice experiment (DCE) with nursing graduates in South Africa, Thailand & Kenya<br />DCE Design<br />DCE Analysis<br />Used statistical model to investigate:<br />Rural uptake for different policy combinations<br />Cost-effectiveness of different interventions<br />
  5. 5. DCE design<br />Labelled design<br />Two choices<br />Annual Salary<br />6 different rural policy interventions<br />16 choice sets<br />
  6. 6. Different country preferences<br />
  7. 7. Impact of single interventions<br />
  8. 8. Impact of packages of interventions<br />
  9. 9. Cost-effectiveness of interventions (ZA)<br />
  10. 10. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios<br />Early study leave + 20% rural allowance<br />ICER: R 590,988<br />Early study leave + car + 10% rural allowance<br />ICER: R 517,831<br />MORE COST-EFFECTIVE<br />Early study leave + car<br />ICER: R 313,096<br />Early study leave<br />ICER: R 250,065<br />Base cost<br />ICER: R 238,324<br />
  11. 11. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios<br />ICER: R 590,988<br />ICER: R 558,983<br />ICER: R 318,519<br />ICER: R 252,608<br />Base cost: R 213,170<br />Base cost<br />ICER: R 238,324<br />
  12. 12. Implications for policy and practice<br />Policymakers in LMICs should make more use of modelling data to inform the design of HR policies. <br />There are no generic HR solutions. HR policies need to be tailored to individual country contexts. <br />A combination of financial and non-financial HR strategies is required. <br />Non-financial interventions can be as effective as salary increases and are more cost-effective. <br />Changing student selection is a very cost-effective strategy to increase health professionals in under-served areas. <br />
  13. 13. Partners<br />Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi<br />KethiMullei, Sandra Mudhune, Jackie Wafula, Catherine Goodman, Mike English<br />Centre for Health Policy, Johannesburg<br />Duane Blaauw, Ermin Erasmus<br />International Health Policy Program, Bangkok<br />NonglakPagaiya, ThinakornNoree, VirojTangcharoensathien<br />London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine<br />MyleneLagarde<br />

×