The Renaissance When: 1300-1600 Where: Western Europe
What’s going on at the time?!?
The Renaissance is a time period of change. It occurred right after the Bubonic Plague and Crusades of the Middle Ages.
The word Renaissance means REBIRTH.
People began to become more creative while simultaneously questioning the church.
The Renaissance began in Italy and centered around City-States such as Florence
These big cities were the centers of new ideas!
The arts flourished
Merchants (business people) funded the arts. WHY?
Many deaths during the Plague and the lack of people made business slow and merchants needed something to invest in…
Merchants + Money + Ideas = Renaissance
These merchants are called patrons.
“ Patron of the arts”
The Medici Family in Florence supported and ruled the arts. They basically funded the beginnings of the Renaissance
The Renaissance was a time of change. HOW?
Rediscovered old Ancient Greece and Rome.
These were called the Classics.
Humanism is the study of classical times- history, philosophy, and literature
Many upper-class women were educated!
People were angry with the Church after the Plague and the Crusades and as a result…
Secular life began to develop This separates God from everyday life.
Even Art and Writing is Changing
New techniques like Perspective which is when 3-D representation begins.
Prior to the Renaissance all texts were written in LATIN
Now people began to write in in their native language (i.e. French, English, German, and Italian) this is called VERNACULAR
MAJOR RENAISSANCE ITALIAN ARTISTS Artist: Michelangelo ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Artist: Leonardo Da Vinci The Mona Lisa
Artist: Raphael The School of Athens
The number of literate people increased. Why?
1455—Johann Guttenberg invented the Printing Press
First book printed—the Bible
More people had access to cheaper books led to increased literacy rate
Literature, Art, Ideas SPREAD… The advent of the Printing Press in 1455 allowed for the spread of ideas and literature in the form of PRINTED BOOKS! The ideas of the Renaissance spread to other parts of Europe.
Artist: Pieter Bruegel Peasant Wedding Art from Northern Europe http://oscarandre.files.wordpress.com/2007/02/pieter-bruegel_peasantwedding.jpg
Artist: Hans Holbein http://www.linesandcolors.com/images/2006-05/ambassadors_450.jpg
William Shakespeare http://rohrbachlibrary.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/william-shakespeare2.jpg