Manchu (Qing ) Dynasty
 
 
Qing Dynasty notes   <ul><li>The  Manchus,  a farming and hunting people who lived in the area now known as  Manchuria,  c...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Chinese resisted the new Manchu rulers .  </li></ul><ul><li>Rebels seized the island of  Ta...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Manchus dealt in two ways with the fact that they were ethnically and culturally different ...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>First they preserved their own identities by having a different legal status  ,  maintaining la...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Second they brought Chinese into the top ranks of the imperial administration, so they showed a...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Kangxi  was perhaps China’s greatest emperor.  </li></ul><ul><li>He ruled from 1661 to 1722.  <...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Kangxi was quite tolerant of Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian missionaries were quite ac...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Qing dynasty began to decline during the rule of Qianlong </li></ul>Emperor Qianlong
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Corrupt Officials </li></ul><ul><li>High taxes that led to peasant unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Gro...
White Lotus Rebellion 1796-1804 Memorial for the rebellion- over 16 million Chinese died during this rebellion
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Qing government sold trade privileges to the Europeans but, to limit contact between foreig...
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>In 1793, a British mission led by Lord George Macartney tried to win more liberal trade policie...
. The meeting of Emperor Qianlong  And Lord George Macartney Emperor  Qianlong
Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>China would pay for not interacting with the western nations </li></ul><ul><li>The military adv...
The End!
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Unit 6 lesson 3 manchu dynasty power point

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Unit 6 lesson 3 manchu dynasty power point

  1. 1. Manchu (Qing ) Dynasty
  2. 4. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Manchus, a farming and hunting people who lived in the area now known as Manchuria, conquered Beijing. </li></ul><ul><li>A peasant revolt led by Li Zicheng, Manchu, in 1644. </li></ul><ul><li>He occupied Beijing, the capital, and the last Ming emperor committed suicide </li></ul><ul><li>They created the Qing (“pure”) dynasty, which remained in power until 1911. </li></ul>
  3. 5. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Chinese resisted the new Manchu rulers . </li></ul><ul><li>Rebels seized the island of Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>To more easily identify rebels, the government ordered all Chinese men to adopt Manchu dress and hairstyles. </li></ul><ul><li>Under penalty of death, they were to shave their foreheads and braid their hair into a pigtail called a queue. </li></ul>The Queue Hairstyle
  4. 6. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Manchus dealt in two ways with the fact that they were ethnically and culturally different from their subjects. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>First they preserved their own identities by having a different legal status , maintaining large landholdings, and forming separate Manchu military units called banners. </li></ul>Banner Military Elite Guard Uniform
  6. 8. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Second they brought Chinese into the top ranks of the imperial administration, so they showed a welcome willingness to share power . </li></ul>
  7. 9. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Kangxi was perhaps China’s greatest emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>He ruled from 1661 to 1722. </li></ul><ul><li>He was highly disciplined and diligent. </li></ul><ul><li>He calmed the unrest along the frontiers and won the support of scholars by supporting the arts and letters. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Kangxi was quite tolerant of Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian missionaries were quite active, and hundreds of Chinese officials became Catholics. </li></ul><ul><li>His successor suppressed Christianity in China. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Qing dynasty began to decline during the rule of Qianlong </li></ul>Emperor Qianlong
  10. 12. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>Corrupt Officials </li></ul><ul><li>High taxes that led to peasant unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Growing populations that caused hardships on the peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Stopping the White Lotus Rebellion- a revolt led by the peasants- was a great financial expense to the imperial government </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial treasury was severely strained </li></ul>Reasons for decline
  11. 13. White Lotus Rebellion 1796-1804 Memorial for the rebellion- over 16 million Chinese died during this rebellion
  12. 14. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>The Qing government sold trade privileges to the Europeans but, to limit contact between foreigners and the Chinese, they confined the traders to a small island . </li></ul>
  13. 15. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>In 1793, a British mission led by Lord George Macartney tried to win more liberal trade policies. </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor wrote King George III that China had no need of “your country’s manufactures.” </li></ul><ul><li>Later, China would pay for this rejection </li></ul>
  14. 16. . The meeting of Emperor Qianlong And Lord George Macartney Emperor Qianlong
  15. 17. Qing Dynasty notes <ul><li>China would pay for not interacting with the western nations </li></ul><ul><li>The military advances of the western nations would cause many problems in China later </li></ul>
  16. 18. The End!

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