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Unit 6 lesson 2
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Unit 6 lesson 2

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  • 1. Ming Dynasty 1368 to 1644
  • 2. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • The Ming dynasty began with the overthrow of the Mongols in China in 1368.
    • A peasant’s son, Hongwu , commanded the rebel army that drove the Mongols out of China.
    • Emperor Zhuyuanzhang (Hongwu)
  • 3. China extended its rule into Mongolia and central Asia, and briefly re-conquered Vietnam under the Ming emperors.
  • 4. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • Ming rulers ran an effective government, using a centralized bureaucracy staffed by officials who had taken the civil service examination.
    • Ming emperors set up a nationwide school system.
    • They completed the Grand Canal, on which grain was shipped south to north in China. The economy flourished.
  • 5. Map of Grand Canal Grand Canal Today
  • 6. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • The Ming dynasty began a time of greatness in China.
    • Emperor Yong Le began construction of the Imperial City–known today as the Forbidden City–in Beijing in 1406.
    • The Imperial City was the home of China’s emperors for nearly 500 years.
  • 7. Forbidden City
  • 8. Forbidden City
  • 9. Floor plan of Forbidden City
  • 10. Painting of the Forbidden city What does this painting tell you about what the people thought of the Emperor and where he lived?
  • 11. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • Led by the court official Zheng He, China made seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433.
    • On the first, almost 28,000 men sailed on 62 ships.
  • 12.  
  • 13. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • The fleet visited the western coast of India and city-states of East Africa.
    • The voyages produced great profits, which alarmed Confucian traditionalists who thought trading was an unworthy activity.
    • After the emperor Yong Le’s death in 1424, the voyages halted.
  • 14. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • In 1514, a Portuguese fleet arrived off the coast of China.
    • The emperor was unimpressed with the Europeans, whom he considered barbarians.
  • 15. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • He viewed foreign rulers as “younger brothers” of the Chinese emperor, who was seen as the Son of Heaven.
    • After outraging the Chinese with their behavior, the Portuguese were expelled from Guangzhou (Canton) but were allowed to occupy Macao.
  • 16. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • Highly educated Jesuit missionaries made the trip to China and impressed Chinese officials with such devices as clocks and eyeglasses
    • . More importantly, both sides benefited from the exchange of ideas.
    • The Jesuits were impressed with the teachings of Confucius, and they taught Christianity to the Chinese.
  • 17. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • The Ming dynasty declined due to the following
    • series of weak rulers
    • government corruption
    • high taxes
    • low crop yields
    • peasant unrest
    • major epidemic in the 1630s
    • The suffering from the epidemic in part caused the peasant revolt led by Li Zicheng in 1644.
    • He occupied Beijing, the capital, and the last Ming emperor committed suicide.
  • 18. Ming Dynasty Notes
    • Emperor Xi Zong
    • Zhu Youxiao
    • 1620 - 1627
    • The Last Ming Emperor
  • 19. The End!

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