Unit 5 lesson 2 muslim dynasties

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Unit 5 lesson 2 muslim dynasties

  1. 1. Early Muslim Dynasties Expansion & Conflict
  2. 2. Picking a Caliph <ul><li>After Abu Bakr died, it was unclear as to who should be his successor </li></ul><ul><li>In 656, Muhammad’s son-in-law, Ali was chosen to be caliph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was assassinated in 5 short years </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Umayyad Dynasty <ul><li>In 661, general Mu’awiyah became caliph </li></ul><ul><li>He made the office of caliph hereditary to solve the problems of succession </li></ul><ul><li>This created the Umayyad Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Umayyad continued conquering and spreading Islam until all of North Africa and Spain had become Muslim </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion into Europe ended in 732 at the Battle of Tours </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Expansion of Umayyad
  5. 5. Umayyads and the split of Islam <ul><li>Discrimination in the Umayyad dynasty led to revolts </li></ul><ul><li>Hussein , the second son of Ali, led one revolt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This revolt split Islam into two groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shiite Muslims only accept Ali’ descendants as true caliphs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Sunni Muslims only accept descendants of the Umayyads as caliphs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Abbasid Dynasty <ul><li>In 750, Abu al-abbas overthrew the Umayyad dynasty and set up the Abbasid dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Harun al-Rashid is the best known caliph of the Abbasids and the time during his rule is called the Golden Age </li></ul><ul><li>He moved the capital to Baghdad for its prosperous location near trade routes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Abbasid Expansion <ul><li>When Harun al-Rashid died, his two sons fought over the caliphate </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, ruler of the Abbasid Empire in North Africa and Spain began to form their own dynasties </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish even established its own caliphate </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conflicts <ul><li>The Egyptian Fatamid dynasty were overthrown by the Seljuk Turks, soldiers hired to fight for them. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1055, a Turkish leader captured Baghdad and held the title sultan, or “holder of power” </li></ul><ul><li>The Byzantine emperor, Alexius I asked Christians for help against the Turks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This began a series of crusades, or conflicts and battles of Christians against Muslims </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Pictures like this of the crusades are common, as many lives were lost over the more than 12 eras of conflict between Christians and Muslims </li></ul>

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