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Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1
 

Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1

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    Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1 Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Ancient China
      • Today, during this visual
      • journey through Ancient
      • China, you will see all of the
      • distinct achievements of the
      • Chinese culture, from its
      • early beginnings to around
      • 1300 C.E.. Take notes as
      • your explore the many sides
      • of Ancient China……
      • Enjoy!
    • Early Philosophies and Ethical Systems
      • Confucianism
      • - founded by Confucius (551-479
      • B.C.E.) - influential scholar who wrote
      • the Analects - studied and taught
      • history, music, and moral thinking
      • - believed in five important relationships
      • (with codes of conduct for each): ruler
      • and subject, father and son, husband
      • and wife, older brother and younger
      • brother, and friend and friend
    • Confucianism (continued)
      • - believed in filial piety, or
      • respect for parents, elders,
      • and ancestors during life and
      • after death
      • - hired as Minister of Justice -
      • set up bureaucracy, or civil service
      • system, to educate and train
      • government workers to help the
      • Chinese government be more ethical
      • and efficiently solve crises
    • Other Ethical Systems: Daoism versus Legalism
      • Daoism
      • - started by Laozi during the
      • 6 th Century B.C.E.
      • - believed the Dao, or “the way,”
      • guided all things in nature
      • except for humans, who refused
      • to follow
      • - thought humans should live
      • in harmony with nature as
      • natural order is more important
      • than social order, which
      • inspired believers to pursue
      • scientific studies
      • Legalism
      • - founded by Hanfiezi and Li Si
      • - thought a well run and
      • powerful government allows
      • for social order while laws and
      • punishments help maintain
      • social order along with rewards
      • for the obedient
      • - believed ideas should be
      • controlled and books that
      • criticize the government should
      • be destroyed
    • Chinese Dynasties
      • Dynasties covered in this PowerPoint:
      • Qin
      • Han
      • Sui
      • Tang
      • Song
    • Qin Dynasty (221-202 B.C.E.) Shi Huangdi, the first emperor - used Legalist tactics to unify and strengthen China and its government
      • stopped invaders and expanded China
      • put down civil unrest at home by crushing political rivals and burning books by his opponents
      - created an autocracy, or government with limitless power
    • Qin Dynasty Achievements and Downfall
      • - created a national highway system
      • - set a standard for laws, writing,
      • weights, and measurements
      • - created advanced irrigation systems
      • - pushed for trade
      • - made poor workers build the Great
      • Wall of China
      • - taxed people to create these
      • programs
      • - dynasty fell because of oppressive
      • father and son rulers
    • Han Dynasty (200 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.)
      • - split into two periods
      • - Liu Bang, the first emperor, created a
      • centralized government, or government in
      • which a central authority controls the country -
      • the emperor was well liked because he
      • lowered taxes and relaxed punishments
      • - Wudi - “Martial Emperor” - dealt with
      • invaders militarily and expanded China almost
      • to its present day boundaries
    • Han Government and Social Classes
      • Han government
      • alliances made to gain the crown and rivals were assassinated
      • bureaucracy collected taxes, recruited soldiers, and gathered workers to maintain the empire
      • workers took a civil service exam on Confucian beliefs to acquire jobs
      • pushed for agriculture and trade to support its growing population
      • Han social structure
      • - emperors -> kings/governors -> nobles/state officials/scholars -> peasant farmers -> artisans/merchants -> soldiers -> slaves
      • - conquered people were lowest and encouraged to assimilate, or adopt Chinese culture to unify the country
    • Han Dynasty Achievements and Downfall
      • addition of more roads, canals, and irrigation ditches
      • papermaking
      • horse harness
      • plow
      • wheelbarrow
      • trading of goods and ideas via the Silk Road
      • - first dynasty fell because emperor after emperor was ineffective and overthrown, over-taxation and inflation, and natural disasters
      • - second dynasty was successful early but fell due to prior issues
    • Sui Dynasty (581-618 C.E.) - major accomplishments included building the Grand Canal connecting north and south China and rebuilding the Great Wall - dynasty fell after government projects caused overworked and overtaxed citizens to revolt Click here to hear the sound of the Grand Canal
    • Tang Dynasty (618-907 C.E.) Song Dynasty (960-1279 C.E.)
      • Tang Dynasty
      • - expanded China and
      • created a bureaucracy of
      • scholar-officials, an elite
      • group of educated upper
      • and middle class officials
      • - dynasty fell due to
      • overtaxing citizens for
      • building programs, losing
      • territory to Muslim
      • invaders, and internal
      • rebellion
      • Song Dynasty
      • - ruled a smaller area due to
      • invaders and tried to keep
      • enemies at bay by paying
      • tributes, or fees, which did not
      • work
      • - eventually the Song Dynasty
      • ruled only southern China, which
      • prospered from trade
      • - dynasty fell after Mongols
      • claimed China in 1279 C.E.
      Click here to listen to a Chinese song
    • Tang and Song Achievements
      • - movable type (wooden block letters put into a frame to
      • print a page of information)
      • - gunpowder
      • - porcelain for pottery
      • - mechanical clock
      • - paper money
      • - magnetic compass for sailing
      • - use of negative numbers in math
      • - acupuncture for treatment of illnesses
      • - improvements in rice cultivation to feed more people
      • - new poetry and art reflecting Confucian and Daoist views
      • - development of the gentry, or upper class citizens with
      • scholar and government backgrounds - gentry -> urban middle
      • class -> merchants/artisans ->laborers/soldiers/servants ->
      • peasants - women were subservient except for peasant women
      • who helped their families gain income
    • The End
      • Works Cited
      • All pictures, music, and sounds came from Microsoft Office Clip Art except:
      • http ://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Modern_Course_of_Grand_Canal_of_China.png/400px-Modern_Course_of_Grand_Canal_of_China.png
      • http://www.economiabr.defesabr.com/Fotos/China_GrandCanal.jpg