Unit 4 lesson 3 (2) power point 1

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Unit 4 lesson 3 (2) power point 1

  1. 1. The Mongol Empire
  2. 2. Who were the Mongols? <ul><li>- nomads, or herders of domesticated animals, from the Eastern Asian steppe, or dry grassy area north of China </li></ul><ul><li>- nomadic because of harsh climate and lack of consistent fertile farmland </li></ul><ul><li>clans, or kin groups with a common ancestor, travel constantly on horseback tending the herd </li></ul><ul><li>two relationships between nomads and permanent settlements: trading or invading (by the Mongols to gain supplies, money, land, or power) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Genghis Khan (1162?-1227 C.E.) <ul><li>- united different clans militarily and </li></ul><ul><li>politically to gain new territory, starting </li></ul><ul><li>with Central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>- succeeded militarily for three reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>they organized their army logically with </li></ul><ul><li>experienced fighters; they were able to </li></ul><ul><li>outthink and outwit their enemies; they </li></ul><ul><li>used cruelty to convince others to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>- through Ghenghis’s sons and grandsons, </li></ul><ul><li>they created the largest unified land empire </li></ul><ul><li>ever, including territories in northern China </li></ul><ul><li>and Korea, Russia, and Persia (the territory </li></ul><ul><li>was split into four districts, or khanates) </li></ul>
  4. 4. - Mongol conquerors were determined; however, they lived in peace with the conquered, never imposing their beliefs and ways and often adopting and/or assimilating into other cultures   - Pax Mongolia (mid-1200s-mid-1300s C.E.) - time of peace in the empire - stable laws ensured safe trade routes from east to west and the spread of new goods, inventions, and ideas 1206 C.E. - 1370 C.E.
  5. 5. Kublai Khan (1215-1294 C.E) <ul><li>conquered all of China in 1279 C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>established the Yuan Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>this dynasty was important for three reason: it unified China for the first time in 300 years, it opened China to foreign trade, and the conquerors tolerated and allowed Chinese culture to flourish </li></ul><ul><li>settled in China, unlike his predecessors, and wanted to become emperor of China </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kublai’s Later Years and Collapse of the Empire <ul><li>- towards the end of this reign, he suffered </li></ul><ul><li>military losses in Southeast Asia, which he was </li></ul><ul><li>trying to conquer </li></ul><ul><li>- spent a lot of money on luxuries and </li></ul><ul><li>government projects, which created resentment </li></ul><ul><li>amongst the Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>- after Kublai died, remaining family members </li></ul><ul><li>fought for power and were ineffective leaders </li></ul><ul><li>- in 1368, the Chinese overthrew the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>- by the 1370s, the majority of the Mongol </li></ul><ul><li>Empire crumbled, leaving only the Mongol hold </li></ul><ul><li>over Russia </li></ul>
  7. 7. The End <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>All pictures, music, and sounds came from Microsoft Office Clip Art except: </li></ul><ul><li>http ://warandgame.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/mongolwww.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cksinfo.com/clipart/people/famouspeople/soldiers/Genghis-Khan.png </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.artsmia.org/art-of-asia/history/images/maps/mongol-empire-large.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http ://www.willgoto.com/images/Size2/China_Kublai_Khan_49e3d47f9d9d4abb8bb6de3c54eb9979.jpg </li></ul>For a look at a Mongolian-Chinese man playing a traditional Mongolian instrument, click here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vB0s4MTNCr8

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