Rome becomes an Empire
Rome Expands <ul><li>Due to population growth in Rome, the Romans pushed out the Etruscans and Greeks by 265 B.C.E. and do...
Punic Wars <ul><li>Expansion came at a cost as Rome began to war with the rival Carthage empire in North Africa </li></ul>...
Punic Wars Cont. <ul><ul><li>Second Punic war  – Hannibal, Carthage’s brilliant military general is seeking vengeance from...
The Roman Empire <ul><li>Republic collapses because of popular discontent and a breakdown of the military </li></ul><ul><l...
Julius Caesar <ul><li>Caesar was a member of a  triumvirate  – group of three rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar appointed hi...
Caesar as Dictator <ul><li>Caesar was very popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Granted ci...
Fearing his popularity, Caesar was assassinated by several Senators!
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Unit 3 lesson 2 (2)

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Transcript of "Unit 3 lesson 2 (2)"

  1. 1. Rome becomes an Empire
  2. 2. Rome Expands <ul><li>Due to population growth in Rome, the Romans pushed out the Etruscans and Greeks by 265 B.C.E. and dominated most of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Trade also helped Rome flourish as Rome was situated on a River close to the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul>
  3. 3. Punic Wars <ul><li>Expansion came at a cost as Rome began to war with the rival Carthage empire in North Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Punic War – fought over control of Sicily and trading rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carthage is defeated </li></ul></ul></ul>Sicily
  4. 4. Punic Wars Cont. <ul><ul><li>Second Punic war – Hannibal, Carthage’s brilliant military general is seeking vengeance from the First Punic War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hannibal led a land attack with elephants against Italy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After 10 years, Rome came out on top </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Punic War – Carthage is defeated and Rome dominates the Mediterranean </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Roman Empire <ul><li>Republic collapses because of popular discontent and a breakdown of the military </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth gap existed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus come up with land reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited estate sizes and gave land to the poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Largely unpopular in the Senate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Julius Caesar <ul><li>Caesar was a member of a triumvirate – group of three rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar appointed himself governor of Gaul (France) </li></ul><ul><li>Fearing his power, Pompey, (another member of the triumvirate) urges the Senate to call him back to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar retaliates by crushing Pompey’s Army </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar names himself “dictator for life” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Caesar as Dictator <ul><li>Caesar was very popular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Granted citizenship to many </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased size of Senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created new jobs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased soldier pay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opened up new lands </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fearing his popularity, Caesar was assassinated by several Senators!

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