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Unit 3 lesson 2
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Unit 3 lesson 2

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Unit 3 lesson 2 Unit 3 lesson 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Classical Rome and the Early Republic
  • The land of Rome
    • The city of Rome was built on 7 hills beside the Tiber River
      • The hills created a natural barrier of protection
      • The river nourished the soil and made it good for farming
  • The first People of Rome
    • 1000-500 B.C.E. – Italy was settled by Greeks, Latins and Etruscans
      • The Latins built Rome
      • Greeks lived South of Rome
      • Etruscans lived North of Rome
        • Etruscans influenced Roman writing, architecture and their alphabet
    • Until 509 B.C.E., Rome was ruled by kings
    • Then, a republic was formed
      • Republic - a form of government in which people can vote for their leaders
    • Two social classes existed in Rome
      • Patricians – wealthy landowners who had most of the political power
      • Plebeians – commoners, farmers who were eventually given some political power
    • The first written laws of Rome are called the Twelve Tables
    Roman Society
  • Roman Republic
    • Rome’s republic was a mix of many forms of government
      • Dictator – elected by Senate – were given absolute power for 6 mos. In times of crisis
      • Consuls – two elected officials in charge of the military
      • Praetors – eight judges
      • Senate – 300 member group who made laws
      • Tribal Assembly – group of plebeians who made laws for commoners