Unit 3 lesson 2

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Unit 3 lesson 2

  1. 1. Classical Rome and the Early Republic
  2. 2. The land of Rome <ul><li>The city of Rome was built on 7 hills beside the Tiber River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The hills created a natural barrier of protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The river nourished the soil and made it good for farming </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The first People of Rome <ul><li>1000-500 B.C.E. – Italy was settled by Greeks, Latins and Etruscans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Latins built Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greeks lived South of Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etruscans lived North of Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Etruscans influenced Roman writing, architecture and their alphabet </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Until 509 B.C.E., Rome was ruled by kings </li></ul><ul><li>Then, a republic was formed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic - a form of government in which people can vote for their leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two social classes existed in Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patricians – wealthy landowners who had most of the political power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plebeians – commoners, farmers who were eventually given some political power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The first written laws of Rome are called the Twelve Tables </li></ul>Roman Society
  5. 5. Roman Republic <ul><li>Rome’s republic was a mix of many forms of government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictator – elected by Senate – were given absolute power for 6 mos. In times of crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consuls – two elected officials in charge of the military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Praetors – eight judges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate – 300 member group who made laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribal Assembly – group of plebeians who made laws for commoners </li></ul></ul>

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