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Unit 10 lesson 2

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  • 1. THE MODERN WORLD 1400s-1600s In this unit, you will learn about exploration and colonization
  • 2. What’s going on in the 1400s-1600s around the world?
  • 3. CHINA
    • commissioned several overseas journeys led by Zheng He (Chinese explorer)
    http://www.s9.com/images/portraits/33308_Zheng-He.gif
  • 4. JAPAN
    • Practiced feudalism until Portuguese traders helped unify Japan
    • Eventually practiced isolationism (isolated the nation from the rest of the world)
      • expelled Christian missionaries
      • burned Western books
      • allowed only Chinese and Dutch trade
  • 5. EUROPE
    • Flourishing with Renaissance art, literature, ideas, etc.
    • Looked for new ways to make money and many powerful Kings decided to….go exploring!
  • 6. Why did the Europeans explore?
    • Looking for new sources of wealth
    • Traded spices
      • Nutmeg, ginger, pepper, cinnamon
    • Looked for trade routes directly to Asia
    • “ Glory, Gold, God”—explorers journeyed for money, fame, and Christianity
  • 7.
    • Eventually explorers found a new sea route to Asia.
    • Portugal dominated exploration initially
    • Dutch formed the Dutch East India Trading Company (see image below).
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/81/Flag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg/800px-Flag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg.png
  • 8. Technology
    • New technology
    • helped exploration
    • Triangular Sails—helped sail against the wind
    • Compass—directional tool
    • Sextant (upper right picture)—helped with navigation
    • Large cargo area in the
    • caravel
    Triangular sails
  • 9. MAJOR EXPLORERS
    • Bartolomeu Dias ; sailed for Portugal; explored and reached southern tip of Africa
    • Vasco Da Gama ; sailed for Portugal; rounded tip of Africa
    • Zheng He; sailed for China China; explored Asia and Eastern Africa
    • Christopher Columbus; sailed for Spain; explored Caribbean (Bahamas)
    • Hernando Cortes; sailed for Spain; colonized regions in Mexico, US, South America
  • 10.
    • Prince Henry of Portugal; founded school of navigation to train explorers
    • Amerigo Vespucci ; sailed for Portugal; South America
    • Ferdinand Magellan ; sailed for Spain; rounded the tip of South America, Guam, Philippines
  • 11. This is a map of major European explorations http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH_12_271.gif
  • 12. AS A RESULT OF EXPLORATION, THE AMERICANS WERE COLONIZED
    • Colonize means to create colonies (settlers who live in one territory and are ruled by a “parent” country)
    • Spanish conquerors (conquistadors) destroyed the Aztecs and Incans of S. America
    • Native-Americans had no weapons to challenge Spanish conquerors
    • 80%-95% of Native Americans died
    • Spanish and Portuguese Kings became RICH!—Spanish created an Empire
  • 13. EFFECTS OF EXPLORTION AND COLONIZTION
    • Continents became interdependent on one another
    • Imports (goods brought into a country) and exports (good sent out of a country) began
    • Joint stock corporations developed—similar to stock market today
    • Slave trade developed (Triangular Trade)
  • 14. TRIANGULAR TRADE
    • Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas—formed a TRIANGLE!
    • Check out the next slide to see the goods and materials traded between these three regions
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Triangular_trade_wordless.jpg
  • 15.  
  • 16. Atlantic Slave Trade
    • From Africa to the Americas emerged the slave trade. Slaves were used for free labor
    • The passage by sea from Africa to the Americas was called the Middle Passage (2-3 months long)
    A typical slave ship https://eee.uci.edu/programs/humcore/images/Africa/SlaveShipBrookes.jpg
  • 17. Over 54,000 voyages made along the Middle Passage 42% to the Caribbean 38% to Brazil 5-10% to North America