Unit 10 lesson 2


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  • Unit 10 lesson 2

    1. 1. THE MODERN WORLD 1400s-1600s In this unit, you will learn about exploration and colonization
    2. 2. What’s going on in the 1400s-1600s around the world?
    3. 3. CHINA <ul><li>commissioned several overseas journeys led by Zheng He (Chinese explorer) </li></ul>http://www.s9.com/images/portraits/33308_Zheng-He.gif
    4. 4. JAPAN <ul><li>Practiced feudalism until Portuguese traders helped unify Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually practiced isolationism (isolated the nation from the rest of the world) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>expelled Christian missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>burned Western books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allowed only Chinese and Dutch trade </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. EUROPE <ul><li>Flourishing with Renaissance art, literature, ideas, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Looked for new ways to make money and many powerful Kings decided to….go exploring! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Why did the Europeans explore? <ul><li>Looking for new sources of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Traded spices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutmeg, ginger, pepper, cinnamon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looked for trade routes directly to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>“ Glory, Gold, God”—explorers journeyed for money, fame, and Christianity </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Eventually explorers found a new sea route to Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal dominated exploration initially </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch formed the Dutch East India Trading Company (see image below). </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/81/Flag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg/800px-Flag_of_the_Dutch_East_India_Company.svg.png
    8. 8. Technology <ul><li>New technology </li></ul><ul><li>helped exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Triangular Sails—helped sail against the wind </li></ul><ul><li>Compass—directional tool </li></ul><ul><li>Sextant (upper right picture)—helped with navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Large cargo area in the </li></ul><ul><li>caravel </li></ul>Triangular sails
    9. 9. MAJOR EXPLORERS <ul><li>Bartolomeu Dias ; sailed for Portugal; explored and reached southern tip of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Vasco Da Gama ; sailed for Portugal; rounded tip of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Zheng He; sailed for China China; explored Asia and Eastern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Columbus; sailed for Spain; explored Caribbean (Bahamas) </li></ul><ul><li>Hernando Cortes; sailed for Spain; colonized regions in Mexico, US, South America </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Prince Henry of Portugal; founded school of navigation to train explorers </li></ul><ul><li>Amerigo Vespucci ; sailed for Portugal; South America </li></ul><ul><li>Ferdinand Magellan ; sailed for Spain; rounded the tip of South America, Guam, Philippines </li></ul>
    11. 11. This is a map of major European explorations http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH_12_271.gif
    12. 12. AS A RESULT OF EXPLORATION, THE AMERICANS WERE COLONIZED <ul><li>Colonize means to create colonies (settlers who live in one territory and are ruled by a “parent” country) </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish conquerors (conquistadors) destroyed the Aztecs and Incans of S. America </li></ul><ul><li>Native-Americans had no weapons to challenge Spanish conquerors </li></ul><ul><li>80%-95% of Native Americans died </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish and Portuguese Kings became RICH!—Spanish created an Empire </li></ul>
    13. 13. EFFECTS OF EXPLORTION AND COLONIZTION <ul><li>Continents became interdependent on one another </li></ul><ul><li>Imports (goods brought into a country) and exports (good sent out of a country) began </li></ul><ul><li>Joint stock corporations developed—similar to stock market today </li></ul><ul><li>Slave trade developed (Triangular Trade) </li></ul>
    14. 14. TRIANGULAR TRADE <ul><li>Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas—formed a TRIANGLE! </li></ul><ul><li>Check out the next slide to see the goods and materials traded between these three regions </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Triangular_trade_wordless.jpg
    15. 16. Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>From Africa to the Americas emerged the slave trade. Slaves were used for free labor </li></ul><ul><li>The passage by sea from Africa to the Americas was called the Middle Passage (2-3 months long) </li></ul>A typical slave ship https://eee.uci.edu/programs/humcore/images/Africa/SlaveShipBrookes.jpg
    16. 17. Over 54,000 voyages made along the Middle Passage 42% to the Caribbean 38% to Brazil 5-10% to North America