Pre-History To Rise Of Civilizations


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Pre-History To Rise Of Civilizations

  1. 1. Prehistory to the Rise of Civilizations
  2. 2. Objectives After this lesson students will be able to: <ul><li>Describe the methods scientists use to uncover early human existence </li></ul><ul><li>Define and identify the characteristics of a Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the important developments during the Paleolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the impact of the Neolithic Revolution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Prehistory </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>Artifact </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Hominid </li></ul><ul><li>Homo Sapiens </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Paleolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Nomad </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lucy” </li></ul><ul><li>Louis B. Leakey </li></ul><ul><li>Mary N. Leakey </li></ul><ul><li>Donald Johanson </li></ul>
  4. 4. Click the Speaker button to listen to the audio again.
  5. 5. What is Prehistory <ul><li>This refers to a period of time before people invented a system of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Prehistoric people had no cities, organized central governments, or complex inventions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Early Human Life
  7. 7. Early Human Life <ul><li>Anthropology is the study of the origins and development of human society </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology- a branch of anthropology, archaeologists study artifacts to draw conclusion about the values, activities and beliefs about our past. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1959 Anthropologist Mary N. Leakey and Louis B. Leakey found evidence of the first hominids (humanlike primate) at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Human Life <ul><li>This hominid is a predecessor of the first humans- Homo Sapiens </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mary and Louis Leakey
  10. 10. Early Human Life Continued <ul><li>In 1974 Anthropologist Donald Johanson found part of a hominid skeleton in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>He named his find “Lucy” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Donald Johanson and “Lucy”
  12. 12. Spread of Homo Sapiens <ul><li>Look at the map on the following slide </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the Leakey’s discovery and also Donald Johanson’s discovery- How does this map support their findings? </li></ul>
  13. 14. Spread of Homo Sapiens Map <ul><li>It shows the movement of Homo Sapiens from their origins in Africa to the rest of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It shows how the discoveries of the Leakey’s and Johanson helped to prove how Homo Sapiens spread throughout the world </li></ul>
  14. 15. Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age)
  15. 16. Paleolithic Age <ul><li>2 million B.C. to 10,000 B. C. </li></ul><ul><li>People lived in small hunting and gathering groups of about 20 to 30 people </li></ul><ul><li>They were nomads- moving from place to place following game animals and the ripening of different fruits, nuts, grains, and vegetables </li></ul>
  16. 17. Tools The word technology refers to the ability of human beings to make things that sustain them and give them some control over their environment. The technology available at the beginning of human history was quite simple. It consisted primarily of the ability to make stone tools.
  17. 18. Paleolithic Stone and Bone Tools
  18. 19. Paleolithic Age Continued <ul><li>They developed simple tools and spoken language. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Ice Age huge glaciers covered parts of Asia, Europe, and North America. To be able to cope with the cold they began to seek shelter in caves, build fires and use animal skins for clothing </li></ul>
  19. 20. Paleolithic Tribe
  20. 21. Neolithic Revolution (New Stone Age)
  21. 22. Neolithic Age <ul><li>Neolithic Revolution- Nomadic Paleolithic people began to learn to farm and domesticate animals </li></ul><ul><li>This produced a surplus of food, growth in populations, and the settlement of people in one area </li></ul><ul><li>This led to the growth of the first Villages </li></ul>
  22. 23. Neolithic early villages
  23. 24. Neolithic Age <ul><li>With a surplus of food and increased population people began to specialize in jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Some of these jobs included farmer, artesian, priest, rulers, and warriors </li></ul><ul><li>These small villages grew into the first civilizations </li></ul>
  24. 25. Growth of Civilizations
  25. 26. Features of a Civilization <ul><li>Organized Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Job Specializations </li></ul><ul><li>Social Classes </li></ul><ul><li>Arts and Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Public Works </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>
  26. 27. First Civilizations <ul><li>Catal Huyuk- is an example of an early civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Catal Huyuk all of the features of a civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Catal Huyul is located in present-day Turkey </li></ul>
  27. 28. Catal Huyuk
  28. 29. Representation of a Catal Huyuk Shrine room
  29. 30. Representations of the inside of a house in Catal Huyuk