Women in the process of hydropower development, attapeu and sekong provinces


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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy 2013. Presentation from Session 8: What we have learned over the last year about balancing the gender scales in hydropower development.

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Women in the process of hydropower development, attapeu and sekong provinces

  1. 1. The National University of Laos Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Lao PDR Electricité du Laos PDR Dept. of Environmental Management Vietnam National University of Science, Faculty of Environmental Sciences Knowledge and Institutional Systems in the Management and Coordination of Hydropower Social Safeguards: Hydropower Development in Attapeu Province, Laos PDR. A research and workshop program conducted to The CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food
  2. 2. Women in the process of Hydropower Development project in Attapeu and Sekong provinces
  3. 3. “My wife does nothing” • I: what does your wife do in her daily routine? • R: My wife-? Noting, she just looks after my parents, look after children, preparing food, fetching water, collecting vegetable, fishing small fish from river, and preparing food, and just do something here and there, like cleaning house, feeding chicken and duck. That’s all nothing important. • I: How about you, what do you do ? • R: Many things, cutting woods , repairing and constructing house when needed, fishing, hunting …”
  4. 4. Background of the Project The aim of the project are: 1. 2. 3. Strengthening the knowledge of stakeholder agencies including affected people Understanding the existing livelihoods system, of affected ethnic minorities, including culture Understanding knowledge of stakeholder The project method ology is the combination of workshop and research Research : 11 villages impacted by three hydropower project form a power system to supply of electricity to Vietnam: - the Transmission Line from Attapeu to Pleiku in Vietam - two of six dams contruct to supply power to the line the Xekhaman 1 in attapeu and Sekong 3 in Sekong district .
  5. 5. Research Methodology • • Combination of method / Mix and variety of method Improved Methodology as a Project Outcome • • • • • • • Socio-economic Household that and KARE surveysurvey (38 households Group discussion / different type of groups Individual in-depth interview key persons ( local people and safeguard agencies) Participatory Mapping Agro-ecology Profile Making the cultural agricultural calendar Forum for sharing the idea with local people Case studies of selected communities Purpose : to test and identify the relevant methodology which could be used by stakeholder agencies to determine the basis of livelihoods restoration in hydropower development affecting indigenous peoples and to
  6. 6. Livelihoods Tritely attached to the culture and believe Understanding livelihoods system
  7. 7. The inappropriate approach of communication and consultation SIA
  8. 8. Factors influencing the participation of women in hydropower development process • • • • • • • • The level of education Lack of ability in speaking and understanding Lao language Inappropriate approach and mechanism in consultation Culture and tradition, and division of labor in household and in society Limited chance to interact with outsider, make women lack of confidence The inadequate “SIA as AHIA” which could not ground the complex reality of communities The traditional culture related to women role and the change of their environmental natural resources make women m Perception on the role of women in society (domestic economic and socio-politic
  9. 9. The perception on the status of Women status in the community Name of Villages Hardxanh Namxuan Phouyang Phoukeua Somboun Hindam ( R) Donkaen ( R) Navasaene North Navasaene Jatsane ( R) Navakang (R) Navasaene South Higher Level Same Lower Total 7.89% 42.11% 50.00% 100.00% 9.09% 31.82% 59.09% 100.00% 25.00% 25.00% 50.00% 100.00% 16.67% 44.44% 38.89% 100.00% 20.24% 28.57% 51.19% 100.00% 9.38% 25.00% 65.63% 100.00% 0.00% 22.22% 77.78% 100.00% 0.00% 70.59% 29.41% 100.00% 13.79% 55.17% 31.03% 100.00% 8.70% 56.52% 34.78% 100.00% 5.00% 55.00% 40.00% 100.00%
  10. 10. Issues to be answered ??? How to get women in development and consultation process?
  11. 11. Thank You For your attention