SUSTAINABLEHYDROPOWER?
CHALLENGES FOR ACHIEVING                             SUSTAINABLE HYDROPOWER                National legal requirements vs....
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITYEnvironmental monitoringthroughout operation = neutralReforestation Program in catchment= bio ...
SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITYExtension teams at all sites (soc/tech/liv) =interactiveWater User Groups and Village Funds =long-ter...
THEUN-HINBOUN EXPANSION PROJECT                      220-500 MW expansion                      with 105km2 reservoir      ...
INCOME TARGETS – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT   SED Outcome Indicators          2008 Baseline    2009 Results     2010 Results    ...
THXP CORE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS:Percentage of school goers in                                  24.4%       17%     ...
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Sustainable Hydropower?

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By Stephen Sparkes, Statkraft, Norway

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
December 7-9, 2011
Session 5: Improving hydropower planning and assessment

Published in: Technology, Business
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Sustainable Hydropower?

  1. 1. SUSTAINABLEHYDROPOWER?
  2. 2. CHALLENGES FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE HYDROPOWER National legal requirements vs. International standards (IFC, WB, ADB, Equator principles, IHA, etc.) Acquiring funding for pro-active, preventative and development activities prior to investment decisions Qualified personnel on the ground and capacity of local government agencies Internalizing all costs – higher standards translates into more resources and higher costs How to measure sustainability? How can a project be environmentally and socially sustainable?2 Statkraft presentation
  3. 3. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITYEnvironmental monitoringthroughout operation = neutralReforestation Program in catchment= bio offsetLegal status of catchment forconservation = Gov’t approvalLong term relationship conservationNGOs = management of catchmentCommitment in terms of funds andoutcomes in Concession Agreement
  4. 4. SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITYExtension teams at all sites (soc/tech/liv) =interactiveWater User Groups and Village Funds =long-term institutional developmentOn-the-Job Training and model farmers =good understandingPrivate and Gov’t involvement = Externalsupport for developmentIncome and Human Development Targets= ensure positive and sustainableoutcomesContinuous supervision by Project
  5. 5. THEUN-HINBOUN EXPANSION PROJECT 220-500 MW expansion with 105km2 reservoir 4300 resettlers and relocation of 8000 people ADB, Lao regulations and Equator principles Extensive social and environmental programs Restoration commitment for all PAPs5
  6. 6. INCOME TARGETS – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SED Outcome Indicators 2008 Baseline 2009 Results 2010 Results Project TargetsTHXP INCOME TARGETS:Income for Zone 1- Reservoir 10,921,884 Kip 11,660,210 Kip 24,327,503 Kip N/AIncome for Zone 2: Headpond 9,133,532 Kip 8,364,094 Kip 13,498,853 Kip 14,690,823 KipIncome for Zone 3A: Nam Hai & 10,093,269 Kip 8,695,864 Kip 22,185,004 Kip 14,690,823 Kipconfluence with Nam HinbounIncome for Zone 3B: Upper Nam 8,049,783 Kip 9,934,008 Kip 29,687,332 Kip 14,690,823 KipHinbounIncome for Zone 3C: Middle 8,568,030 Kip 6,035,600 Kip 12,481,338 Kip 14,690,823 KipNam HinbounIncome for Zone 3D: Lower Nam 14,944,350 Kip 9,579,030 Kip 18,303,768 Kip 18,102,560 KipHinbounIncome for Zone 6: Host Villages 16,535,922 Kip 9,138480 Kip 23,605,857 Kip 18,102,560 Kipand Resettlers (as of 2009)
  7. 7. THXP CORE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS:Percentage of school goers in 24.4% 17% 31% More than 40%appropriate grade levelWasting in children 4.8% 6.9% 6.6% Less than 4%(aged 6-60 months)Anemia amongst women of 52.6% 45.4% 34.8% Less than 30%reproductive ageDiarrheal disease prevalence in 9.2% 12.% 8% Less than 5%young childrenPrimary Health Care 31% 35% 43% More than 80%Accessibility Rate% of HHs with food security 58.6% 65.4% 68% More than 80%Average number of months HHs Less than 1 2-3 months 2-3 months 3-4 monthsexperienced rice shortage monthPercentage of HHs using high 39% 16% 17% Less than 10%risk coping mechanismsPercentage of HHs that planted 45.3% 52% 41% 80%at least 1 ha of rice in 2010Percentage of HHs that own 87.7% 87.6% 91.4% More than 90%agricultural landVillages with year-round road 26% 42% 60% More than 50%accessPercentage of HHs with counter 45% 52.5% 67% More than 75%installedPercentage of HHs with year-round access to improved water 15.6% 16.5% 27.7% More than 50%sourcePercentage of HHs reporting 54.62% 56.55% 62.9% More than 80%regular latrine usePercentage of HHs reportingwomen or girls responsible for 82.58% 85.04% 71% Less than 50%fetching domestic water
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