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Sustainable Hydropower?

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By Stephen Sparkes, Statkraft, Norway …

By Stephen Sparkes, Statkraft, Norway

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
December 7-9, 2011
Session 5: Improving hydropower planning and assessment

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. SUSTAINABLEHYDROPOWER?
  • 2. CHALLENGES FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE HYDROPOWER National legal requirements vs. International standards (IFC, WB, ADB, Equator principles, IHA, etc.) Acquiring funding for pro-active, preventative and development activities prior to investment decisions Qualified personnel on the ground and capacity of local government agencies Internalizing all costs – higher standards translates into more resources and higher costs How to measure sustainability? How can a project be environmentally and socially sustainable?2 Statkraft presentation
  • 3. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITYEnvironmental monitoringthroughout operation = neutralReforestation Program in catchment= bio offsetLegal status of catchment forconservation = Gov’t approvalLong term relationship conservationNGOs = management of catchmentCommitment in terms of funds andoutcomes in Concession Agreement
  • 4. SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITYExtension teams at all sites (soc/tech/liv) =interactiveWater User Groups and Village Funds =long-term institutional developmentOn-the-Job Training and model farmers =good understandingPrivate and Gov’t involvement = Externalsupport for developmentIncome and Human Development Targets= ensure positive and sustainableoutcomesContinuous supervision by Project
  • 5. THEUN-HINBOUN EXPANSION PROJECT 220-500 MW expansion with 105km2 reservoir 4300 resettlers and relocation of 8000 people ADB, Lao regulations and Equator principles Extensive social and environmental programs Restoration commitment for all PAPs5
  • 6. INCOME TARGETS – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SED Outcome Indicators 2008 Baseline 2009 Results 2010 Results Project TargetsTHXP INCOME TARGETS:Income for Zone 1- Reservoir 10,921,884 Kip 11,660,210 Kip 24,327,503 Kip N/AIncome for Zone 2: Headpond 9,133,532 Kip 8,364,094 Kip 13,498,853 Kip 14,690,823 KipIncome for Zone 3A: Nam Hai & 10,093,269 Kip 8,695,864 Kip 22,185,004 Kip 14,690,823 Kipconfluence with Nam HinbounIncome for Zone 3B: Upper Nam 8,049,783 Kip 9,934,008 Kip 29,687,332 Kip 14,690,823 KipHinbounIncome for Zone 3C: Middle 8,568,030 Kip 6,035,600 Kip 12,481,338 Kip 14,690,823 KipNam HinbounIncome for Zone 3D: Lower Nam 14,944,350 Kip 9,579,030 Kip 18,303,768 Kip 18,102,560 KipHinbounIncome for Zone 6: Host Villages 16,535,922 Kip 9,138480 Kip 23,605,857 Kip 18,102,560 Kipand Resettlers (as of 2009)
  • 7. THXP CORE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS:Percentage of school goers in 24.4% 17% 31% More than 40%appropriate grade levelWasting in children 4.8% 6.9% 6.6% Less than 4%(aged 6-60 months)Anemia amongst women of 52.6% 45.4% 34.8% Less than 30%reproductive ageDiarrheal disease prevalence in 9.2% 12.% 8% Less than 5%young childrenPrimary Health Care 31% 35% 43% More than 80%Accessibility Rate% of HHs with food security 58.6% 65.4% 68% More than 80%Average number of months HHs Less than 1 2-3 months 2-3 months 3-4 monthsexperienced rice shortage monthPercentage of HHs using high 39% 16% 17% Less than 10%risk coping mechanismsPercentage of HHs that planted 45.3% 52% 41% 80%at least 1 ha of rice in 2010Percentage of HHs that own 87.7% 87.6% 91.4% More than 90%agricultural landVillages with year-round road 26% 42% 60% More than 50%accessPercentage of HHs with counter 45% 52.5% 67% More than 75%installedPercentage of HHs with year-round access to improved water 15.6% 16.5% 27.7% More than 50%sourcePercentage of HHs reporting 54.62% 56.55% 62.9% More than 80%regular latrine usePercentage of HHs reportingwomen or girls responsible for 82.58% 85.04% 71% Less than 50%fetching domestic water