Theun-Hinboun Power Company Social and Environment Division


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Mekong Forum on Water, Energy and Food. 2012. Presentation from Session 9: Mekong Experiences with Sustainable Hydropower Development

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Theun-Hinboun Power Company Social and Environment Division

  1. 1. Theun-Hinboun Power Company Social and Environment Division (SED)Surapha ViravongSocial and Environment Division
  2. 2. Shareholders• EDL-Gen 60%• Statkraft 20%• GMS 20%Existing Dam (THPP)• Installed Capacity 220 MW• Construction: 1994• Operation: 1998Expansion Project (THXP)• Installed Capacity: 280 MW• Construction: 2008• Operation: Late 2012Total capacity: 500 MW
  3. 3. THPC- Social and Environment Program• THXP-Social & Environment Mitigation Program- The impact assessment, action and management plans were prepared in accordance with Lao national laws and international standards defined by the ADB and other banks• In upstream areas- The Construction of dam and reservoir on Nam Gnouang river- moved 12 villages along NG valley to 4 resettlement sites• In downstream of powerhouse- the water discharge from powerhouse add to Nam Hai & Hinboun river in downstream- relocate 23 villages to 8 relocation sites• THPC obligations- to ensure that project affected people will have better living standards and increase long-term income. Also people living near the project benefit from its development.• SED programs 1. Resettlement and Relocation Infrastructure Development (*public involvement in moving process) 2. Livelihood Improvement Program 3. Community Development Program 4. Compensation 5. Health and Education Program 6. Environment Management and Monitoring Program SED with 200 staff (5 departments) are working to help villagers meet income targets and is also dedicated to protecting the environment and improving forest areas.
  4. 4. Project Infrastructure Map NG reservoir Headpond Resettlement Around reservoir Relocation in Downstream
  5. 5. Resettlement and Livelihood Development Moved12 villages along NG river valley to 4 resettlement sites in Bolikhamxay CA-Entitlement policy: 1. Compensation of loss (land, fix asset, trees and crops) 2. Provide infrastructure development in new villages • New house with garden plot (depending on family size and split family) • Access road to market and agriculture land, electricity, water supply, community building (school, health center, temple, village hall) 3. Livelihood development- provide agriculture land, supplementary irrigation, livelihood support until achieve income 4. Special support for vulnerable families 5. Community Development- 6. Improved health and education services Resettlement Village
  6. 6. Relocation and Livelihood Improvement Relocate 23 villages in downstream to 8 relocation sites in flood safe areasCA-Entitlement policy:1. Compensation of fix asset and trees (villager build and project support building and materials cost)2. Provide infrastructure development: Access road to market and agriculture land, electricity, water supply, community building (school, health center, temple, village hall)3. Livelihood improvement- improve production system (dry season irrigation and expanding irrigated rice filed areas), livelihood support until achieve income.4. Special support for vulnerable families5. Community Development6. Improved health and education services
  7. 7. Infrastructure development Resettlement Village Relocation Village
  8. 8. Livelihood Development in Resettlement villagesSupport during transition- provided 1 yr free rice, 6months food support, and 3 yrs free medical care forresettled villagersLivelihood support program Livelihood program and support policy orientation Support set up household garden, rice barn, animal pen (provide materials & labor cost and villager build) Agriculture land allocation (rice field and garden land) Provide supplementary irrigation Provide agriculture materials (tools, seeding, fertilizer) and Food/cash for work for livelihood participation during transition then will be gradually arrange under revolving fund and village credit schemes) Support on livestock and animal health improvement Support fishery management in reservoir areas Monitoring food production and other alternative income generation to assess income target
  9. 9. Livelihood Improvement in Relocation• Promote and support wet and dry rice and crop cultivation in downstream (rice seed, fertilizer, fuel and electricity cost in few year then will reduce gradually and put under revolving fund and village credit scheme) technical assistance• Develop and expanding wet and dry season rice field using community land• Support irrigation system improvement and management (replacement of diesel headwork pumps, provide training and monitor the irrigation user group management and maintenance)• Support set up household garden, households and community fishpond• Support alternative income generation (weaving, cash crops production)• Support on livestock and animal health improvement• Monitoring food production and alternative income generation to assess income target
  10. 10. Existing Irrigation System in Downstream Irrigation Access to agriculture landdownstream of powerhouse Improvement Irrigation Headwork  Built irrigation system for 250 ha for PMN  Expanding dry season rice field and land allocation for villagers  Improve soil fertility to increase yield  Cash crop land allocation
  11. 11. * Income generation Activities• Promote and support cash crop and livestockproduction through revolving fund and modelhousehold• Promote and support women weaving and handicraft group and provide training in resettlement and relocation villages to generate income Support revolving fund and village credit scheme toincome generation activities
  12. 12. 3. Community Development and Strengthening• Village Development Committee (VDC) set up and provide training on community planning and management• Consultation and encourage villagers to participate in livelihood and community development activities• Set up water supply and irrigation water user group (WUG). Villagers received a series of training on WUG operation and management• Villagers participate in land use planning• In process establish Village Saving-Credit and Revolving fund to support income generation and livelihood income target
  13. 13. *Public Involvement process Consultation with affected villagers on movingplan in coordination with government and localauthorities Affected villagers aware and understand projectentitlement policy Consultation with villagers on new villagedevelopment- house and community buildings’design, house plot selection Consultation on village ritual ceremony, cemeteryceremony, selection of good day in building house,building new cemetery and temple ceremony Support transportation of villagers andcommunities’ belonging - old house materials andanimal, old temple materials
  14. 14. Moving from old to new village
  15. 15. 4. Health Improvement Program Constructed health centre and provide clinicalservices at resettlement and relocation villages Provide 3 years medical care and health check forvillagers to improve health Support integrated health outreach in project areasand establish village health committee andmonitoring Provide capacity building for health district staff Health monitoring- Health data survey, analysisand response
  16. 16. 4. Community Education Program Constructed schools and promote library (room to read) in resettlement and relocation villages Enrichment Informal Education activities to children Formal Education services improvement in project areas-(1) teacher training, (2) curriculum improvement, (3) support school equipment and materials, (4) adult education Increase accountability of GoL staff- facilitate involvement of staff in planning and monitoring Community Risk Education (1) Improve Village level committee functions (2) Life skills classes (3) Campaign to educate villagers about Human Trafficking
  17. 17. Environment Monitoring and Management Program • To comply with CA-Environment Action Plan and environmental regulations • To protect the environment and improving forest areas Programs • Construction Environment Impact Monitoring • Watershed management (Reforestation, Debris collection, Protection Forest) • Water quality monitoring • Waste management and awareness • Erosion and land use planning • Fishery Management
  18. 18. Reforestation and Watershed Management Nam Pone Block -II Block -III Block -VI Block -VII Nam Kamang Nam Gnouang South PFA Block -X Block -I Block -IV Block -V Block -VIII KeosenkhamBan Nadi Reservoir New Thasala THXP DAM Block -IX Total PF Area =50 364haLegend Non-Forest Area =24 874ha Current Forest Forest Cover (2010)=9,900 ha Non-Forest Reforestation Area =12,900 ha Reforestation Potential Reservoir Area =10 500ha NG Reservoir Check Point Land Use Classification of Nam Gnouang South Protection Forest
  19. 19. Environment Monitoring Activities Photos shv’mqf]v’ s;jp’ko75h,7v’lyj’c;f]hv, 20
  20. 20. Environment Awareness World Environment Day, 5 June 2010
  21. 21. Sustainable Hydropower Development link to livelihood1. Social-Environment implementation during moving and restoration- improvement – Focus on building infrastructure for community and to meet COD timeline. – community establishment and development to ensure the sustainable use and management of infrastructure that company built for (access road, community buildings, irrigation). Company provide training on the community management e.g irrigation water user group management – Livelihood restoration and improvement of villagers: endure food security and long-term income generation. (Monitoring and food production (rice, crops, livestock, alternative income) . Continue support on vulnerable family in cooperation with local government – Health and education improvement monitoring (e.g Implement nutrition and WASH program)2. Involve key local government counterparts in planning process (Gol and villages consultations) e.g site development plan, compensation policy, livelihood and social development and support policy3. Ensure affected people understand entitlement (e.g livelihood policy and activities)4. Villager and government role and responsibilities• Villager participation is the key of income target achievement:• Government’s responsibilities in long-term on on social development and environment protection. E.g land use planning, envt regulation enforcement
  22. 22. Thank you