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Retention of swidden and non timber forest products in relocated villages in attapeu
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Retention of swidden and non timber forest products in relocated villages in attapeu

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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy 2013. Presentation from Session 7: Restoring livelihoods: opportunities for sharing the benefits of water for resettled communities.

3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy 2013. Presentation from Session 7: Restoring livelihoods: opportunities for sharing the benefits of water for resettled communities.

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  • 1. Retention of Swidden and NTFP in Relocated Villages in Attapeu MK10 Attapeu project research showed retention of swidden and NFTP as principal sources of income, food production and sources, and rice deficiencies in villages impacted by hydropower systems in Attapeu Province
  • 2. Swidden and NTFP in Traditional Relocation • Traditional relocation was done to maintain access to new or regenerated forest for swidden farming and forest products • The MK10 and other research has shown the integration of ethnic minority group social organisation and culture with swidden production systems • Retaining swidden as the main user of labour, source of food also maintains the cultural basis of household and community organisation and authority
  • 3. • Three sources were found to be predominant among the still mainly upland ethnic communities studied: - swidden farming; - NTFP and - Fishing. • Rice supply both before and after the impact of forest and land losses is predominantly from swidden • Rice deficits in all households are from 3 to 6 months of the year. • Food supply to feed children was inadequate in approximately 80% of households • Bamboo shoots and green vegetables, mushrooms and wild fruits are the main food during the rainy season, and may be sold at market. • Rice may be purchased from earnings from logging, NTFP, gold panning and hunting or, more rarely, from wage labour. .
  • 4. Rice production from swidden farming is from less than 200 kg up to 3,000 kg, depending on the household labour force with an average of about 500 kg for a family of 5 with 2 adult workers.
  • 5. Most Labour Use in NRM by Household Family Unit Villages No Paddy Swidden tree hh. Hardxanh 292 310 Garden NTFP Fishing Hunting Live stock 161 47 39 163 36 7 10 4 0 37 0 8 0 Namxuan 57 0 79 Phouyang 28 0 4 22 20 21 2 7 6 Phoukeua 49 2 50 6 11 29 11 16 0 Somboun 219 39 264 23 3 156 16 23 19