Who Controls the Flow? Sharing Flow Fairly at the Confluence of Regional Water and Energy Governance

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Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy. 2012. Presentation from Session 7: Dams, Livelihoods and Flows

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Who Controls the Flow? Sharing Flow Fairly at the Confluence of Regional Water and Energy Governance

  1. 1. Who Controls the Flow?Sharing Flow Fairly at the Confluence ofRegional Water and Energy GovernanceCarl MiddletonMA in International Development Studies Program,Chulalongkorn University
  2. 2. Basin Development Plan andits Planning Scenarios Foreseeable Future Scenario (2030): Includes irrigation expansion (1.6 million hectares), water supply demands, and an additional 30 tributary dams (beyond definite future scenario (DFS) until 2015) * Additional Net Present Value of US$ 8 billion compared to the DFS * Additional 650,000 jobs (hydropower, irrigation, and fisheries) * 10% reduction in capture fisheries * Impact on 5 environmental hotspots * Negatively affect 1.4 million people
  3. 3. Who Controls the Flow?: TheGovernmentRegional Powertrade Masterplan (ADB) MRC Biomonitoring stations
  4. 4. Who Controls the Flow?: The Market “Ch Karnchang, Thailands second- biggest building contractor, has a 57 percent share in the project, …. Shares in Ch Karnchang rose 5.7 percent on Monday to 9.3 baht, their highest since January 2011, and climbed another 2.7 percent on Tuesday at one point before ending down 0.5 percent.” (Reuters,http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/11/07/us-laos-dam- 7.11.12)idUSBRE8A610K20121107
  5. 5. Who Controls the Flow?: The Market Mekong Electricity Consumption by Country 140.00 120.00Billion Kilowatt-hours 100.00 80.00 Thailand’s current fuel mix 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 Year Cambodia Laos Thailand Vietnam Myanmar Source: EIA. 2007. World’s Net Electricity Consumption. Table 62. http://www.eia.doe.gov/iea/elec.html
  6. 6. Who Controls the Flow?:The People
  7. 7. Sharing Fairly At the Confluence ofRegional Water and Energy Governance “Floods and droughts … both impose large economic and social costs on the people of the basin but the economic benefits of floods far out-weigh their costs. The average annual cost of flooding in the Lower Mekong Basin [LMB] is US$60–70 million a year, while the average annual value of flood benefits is US$8–10 billion a year – i.e. some 100 times greater” EGAT prepared Thai civil society MRC State of the Basin Power prepared Power Development Plan Report, 2010Development Plan
  8. 8. Thank you for listening© Suthep Kritsanavarin Carl.Chulalongkorn@gmail.com

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