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Lessons learnt about hydropower decision making processes in cambodia

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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Session 17: Governance, institutions and decision-making about dams.

3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Session 17: Governance, institutions and decision-making about dams.

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  • 1. Lessons Learnt about Hydropower Decision Making Processes in Cambodia 3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy 19-21 November 2013, Hanoi, Viet Nam MK8 Project on “Improving Hydropower Decision Making Processes in Mekong Basin” By: Royal University of Phnom Penh Team
  • 2. The study is intended …  To identify ‘power in relation’ in HP decision-making  To identify key drivers that influence hydropower (HP);  To understand EIAs and SIAs influence HP decision-making; and Kamchay Dam
  • 3. Study’s areas
  • 4. Drivers/Factors influencing HP decision making • Energy for economic growth (measures for electricity shortage, dependency on outside sources and high price oil) • To meet domestic need (only short-term) • Hydropower and green/renewable energy (regional renewable target) • “Larger scale means more efficient”; “larger scale means more availability of finance/investor”; ”Dam on tributaries is ok to go” • Macro vs Micro perspectives
  • 5. Situation of winners & losers • Benefit sharing is still a challenge • Limitation of EMP implementation (Kamchay is the lesson learnt for LS2 dam) • Multipurpose of dam is still an issue (water are used mainly for electricity) • No clear standard of compensation, but case-by-case basis • Regulation gives way to project to move forward • Problem of impact scoping (upstream/downstream; direct impact/indirect impact) and the important of EIA • Intangible asset
  • 6. Politics of LS2 Dam • The concern is mounting, even though the LS2 has yet to exist; people awareness of impact was raised by Community Network, NGOs, independent media, … • People has less confident on governmental mechanism, but turn to other NGOs and other stakeholders even though not much is done • Limited access to information and limited space for civil society • Resources are used to gain popularity (political parties); “Negative focus vs positive focus”; ”No Dam” vs “Yes Dam” • However, democratic process and non-violent are used to influence the decision makers (shift of political support)
  • 7. Positive signs • • • • Government is changing even though “no word is spoken out”; Compensation and resettlement policy improvement Representatives of people & CSOs are allowed to participate Trend of “No Dam” to “Yes Dam+” New promise of administrative change of new government (e.g. Reservoir clearance hauled)
  • 8. From lessons learnt, …. Better cooperation and participation among stakeholders in Cambodia’s hydropower issues will improve decision-making and benefit sharing processes.
  • 9. Thanks for your attention