Lessons learnt about hydropower decision making processes in cambodia


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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Session 17: Governance, institutions and decision-making about dams.

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Lessons learnt about hydropower decision making processes in cambodia

  1. 1. Lessons Learnt about Hydropower Decision Making Processes in Cambodia 3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy 19-21 November 2013, Hanoi, Viet Nam MK8 Project on “Improving Hydropower Decision Making Processes in Mekong Basin” By: Royal University of Phnom Penh Team
  2. 2. The study is intended …  To identify ‘power in relation’ in HP decision-making  To identify key drivers that influence hydropower (HP);  To understand EIAs and SIAs influence HP decision-making; and Kamchay Dam
  3. 3. Study’s areas
  4. 4. Drivers/Factors influencing HP decision making • Energy for economic growth (measures for electricity shortage, dependency on outside sources and high price oil) • To meet domestic need (only short-term) • Hydropower and green/renewable energy (regional renewable target) • “Larger scale means more efficient”; “larger scale means more availability of finance/investor”; ”Dam on tributaries is ok to go” • Macro vs Micro perspectives
  5. 5. Situation of winners & losers • Benefit sharing is still a challenge • Limitation of EMP implementation (Kamchay is the lesson learnt for LS2 dam) • Multipurpose of dam is still an issue (water are used mainly for electricity) • No clear standard of compensation, but case-by-case basis • Regulation gives way to project to move forward • Problem of impact scoping (upstream/downstream; direct impact/indirect impact) and the important of EIA • Intangible asset
  6. 6. Politics of LS2 Dam • The concern is mounting, even though the LS2 has yet to exist; people awareness of impact was raised by Community Network, NGOs, independent media, … • People has less confident on governmental mechanism, but turn to other NGOs and other stakeholders even though not much is done • Limited access to information and limited space for civil society • Resources are used to gain popularity (political parties); “Negative focus vs positive focus”; ”No Dam” vs “Yes Dam” • However, democratic process and non-violent are used to influence the decision makers (shift of political support)
  7. 7. Positive signs • • • • Government is changing even though “no word is spoken out”; Compensation and resettlement policy improvement Representatives of people & CSOs are allowed to participate Trend of “No Dam” to “Yes Dam+” New promise of administrative change of new government (e.g. Reservoir clearance hauled)
  8. 8. From lessons learnt, …. Better cooperation and participation among stakeholders in Cambodia’s hydropower issues will improve decision-making and benefit sharing processes.
  9. 9. Thanks for your attention