Impacts of hydropower on farmers’ livelihoods  in the Sre Pok River in Vietnam:  A case study of the Buon Tua Srah hydropo...
Rationale & background   <ul><li>Serepok, a largest river lying in the south of the Central Highlands of Vietnam has a gre...
Research questions   <ul><li>What is the status of socio-economic and environment of the research site? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Research objectives   <ul><li>Overall Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the impacts of the Buon Tua Srah hydropow...
Scope  of the study <ul><li>Two communes named Duc Xuyen and NamN’Dir representative for analyzing the impacts of hydropow...
<ul><li>Criteria for Selection: </li></ul><ul><li>Duc Xuyen and NamD’Nir communes are located in the downstream of Krongno...
Location of  Dak Nong Province,  Vietnam Daknong province
 
Sampling   method Krong No District  Duc Xuyen Commune  Nam D ‘Nir Commune Households  1. Purposive 2. Purposive 4. Sample...
Sample size <ul><li>N.z2.p.(1-p) </li></ul><ul><li>n = -----------------  (Mial, 1993) </li></ul><ul><li>N.d2+z2.p.(1-p) <...
Data sources and collection <ul><li>Secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Dak Nong Agriculture and Rural Development Department...
Work plan                         Writing report                         Data processing & data analysis                  ...
Achievements
Completing secondary data collection <ul><li>Reports related to hydropower and river damming from  related offices </li></...
Reconnaissance survey <ul><li>Coming to the project areas;  </li></ul><ul><li>- Meeting with local government of Duc Xuyen...
Field Observation <ul><li>Getting directly information in the project areas in dry and rainy seasons. </li></ul>
Field observation
Field observation
Field observation
Interviewing Key Informants <ul><li>Local government of Duc xuyen and Nam N’dir; </li></ul><ul><li>Village headmen in the ...
Constructing Household Questionnaire <ul><li>Social – demographic data;  </li></ul><ul><li>Land use;  </li></ul><ul><li>+ ...
Household survey <ul><li>Completing households survey: </li></ul><ul><li>- 57 effected households in Duc Xuyen commune </l...
Initial findings <ul><li>Lost of fish  due to decrease fish quantity and fish species </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties of fi...
Impacts <ul><li>Environment: </li></ul><ul><li>Bank erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li...
Plans for next period <ul><li>Jan – Mar 2007: Data processing and data analysis  </li></ul><ul><li>April – July 2007: Fina...
Thank You for Your Attention!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Impacts of hydropower on farmers' livelihoods in the Sre Pok River in Vietnam: Case study of the Buon Tua Srah hydropower Project

3,255 views

Published on

By Chau Thi Minh Long, The Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry Science and Technology Institute, M-POWER Fellow

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
December 7-9, 2011
Session 8a: Presenting the Work of the M-POWER Fellows

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,255
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,962
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Impacts of hydropower on farmers' livelihoods in the Sre Pok River in Vietnam: Case study of the Buon Tua Srah hydropower Project

  1. 1. Impacts of hydropower on farmers’ livelihoods in the Sre Pok River in Vietnam: A case study of the Buon Tua Srah hydropower Project By Chau Thi Minh Long, MSc The Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry Science and Technology Institute (WASI) [email_address]
  2. 2. Rationale & background <ul><li>Serepok, a largest river lying in the south of the Central Highlands of Vietnam has a great potential for hydropower. There are 6 hydroelectric plants constructed in the river. </li></ul><ul><li>The Buon Tua Srah hydropower project was constructed on the Srepok River in Vietnam and has significantly impacted farmers in Krong No district, especially in Đ uc Xuy e n and Nam N’D ir communes. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there is little information available on the livelihood impacts. </li></ul><ul><li>The study is very necessary. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research questions <ul><li>What is the status of socio-economic and environment of the research site? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the impacts of farmers’ livelihoods around hydroelectric plants, especially the poor? </li></ul><ul><li>What are solutions for improving farmers’ livelihoods around hydroelectric plants? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research objectives <ul><li>Overall Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the impacts of the Buon Tua Srah hydropower project on farmers’ livelihoods. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To review socio-economic and environment status in the research site; </li></ul><ul><li>To analyze the impacts of river damming on farmers’ livelihoods around hydropower, especially the poor; </li></ul><ul><li>To recommend solutions for socio – economic development of the location; </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen research capacity for young researchers especially for female researchers . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Scope of the study <ul><li>Two communes named Duc Xuyen and NamN’Dir representative for analyzing the impacts of hydropower on farmers’ livelihood in Krong No District, Daknong Province, Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>The impacts will be focused on social, economic and environmental aspects but not on the scientific ecological analysis. For example, bank erosion status is measured based on locals’ subjective assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>The accuracy of the study will depend upon primary data collected. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Criteria for Selection: </li></ul><ul><li>Duc Xuyen and NamD’Nir communes are located in the downstream of Krongno river, one of main tributary of the Sre Pok River. </li></ul><ul><li>People migrant from other provinces of Vietnam and most of them are ethnic minority moving from the north of Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>These communes often get impacts from flooding and bank erosion of the river due to letting out water of the Buon Tua Srah hydropower. </li></ul>Study area
  7. 7. Location of Dak Nong Province, Vietnam Daknong province
  8. 9. Sampling method Krong No District Duc Xuyen Commune Nam D ‘Nir Commune Households 1. Purposive 2. Purposive 4. Sample Random Sampling 3.Purposive Influenced Households in two communes
  9. 10. Sample size <ul><li>N.z2.p.(1-p) </li></ul><ul><li>n = ----------------- (Mial, 1993) </li></ul><ul><li>N.d2+z2.p.(1-p) </li></ul><ul><li>where; </li></ul><ul><li>n: sample size </li></ul><ul><li>N: Total Population </li></ul><ul><li>z: Statistic value corresponding to confident level </li></ul><ul><li>d: Precision </li></ul><ul><li>p: Proportion of sample population </li></ul><ul><li>(Total 90 households) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Data sources and collection <ul><li>Secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Dak Nong Agriculture and Rural Development Department; </li></ul><ul><li>Dak Nong Environment and Resources Department; </li></ul><ul><li>Dak Nong Flooding and Disaster Preventing Department; </li></ul><ul><li>District People’s Committee; </li></ul><ul><li>Commune People’s Committee, Statistical Year Book, Article, Books, Journals, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary data </li></ul><ul><li>- House hold survey using questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>- Key informants interview </li></ul><ul><li> - Field observation </li></ul><ul><li> - Group discussion </li></ul><ul><li>- PRA </li></ul><ul><li>- SWOT analysis. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Work plan                         Writing report                         Data processing & data analysis                         Househod survey                         Interviewing key informants & constructing questionare                         Field observation & PRA                         Reconnaissance survey                         Collect secondary data Jun May Apr Mar Feb Jan Dec Nov Oct Sep Aug Jul Activities
  12. 13. Achievements
  13. 14. Completing secondary data collection <ul><li>Reports related to hydropower and river damming from related offices </li></ul><ul><li>Journals, papers, etc. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Reconnaissance survey <ul><li>Coming to the project areas; </li></ul><ul><li>- Meeting with local government of Duc Xuyen and NamN’Dir communes. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Field Observation <ul><li>Getting directly information in the project areas in dry and rainy seasons. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Field observation
  17. 18. Field observation
  18. 19. Field observation
  19. 20. Interviewing Key Informants <ul><li>Local government of Duc xuyen and Nam N’dir; </li></ul><ul><li>Village headmen in the two communes; </li></ul><ul><li>Directors of DakNong Agriculture and Rural Development Department, Krong No People’s Committee, DakNong environment and resources Department, Flooding and Disaster Preventing Division, ect. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Constructing Household Questionnaire <ul><li>Social – demographic data; </li></ul><ul><li>Land use; </li></ul><ul><li>+ Land information </li></ul><ul><li>+ Agricultural land affected by the Buon Tua Srah hydropower project </li></ul><ul><li>Bank erosion; </li></ul><ul><li>Household strategies to cope with these problems; </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison of living condition between before and after construction of the Buon Tuh Sarh hydropower project; </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing information among the Buon Tur Sarh managers, local governments and residents in the project areas; </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions of interviewees. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Household survey <ul><li>Completing households survey: </li></ul><ul><li>- 57 effected households in Duc Xuyen commune </li></ul><ul><li>- 43 effected households in Nam’NDir commune . </li></ul>
  22. 23. Initial findings <ul><li>Lost of fish due to decrease fish quantity and fish species </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties of fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of Agricultural land </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of crop yield due to flood </li></ul><ul><li>Resettlement </li></ul><ul><li>Famers are vulnerable especially the poor. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Impacts <ul><li>Environment: </li></ul><ul><li>Bank erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Sediment </li></ul><ul><li>Socio: </li></ul><ul><li>Resettlement </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Balance diet </li></ul><ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><li>Economy: </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease crop yield </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of agriculture land </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of crop yield </li></ul><ul><li>Lost of fish </li></ul>
  24. 25. Plans for next period <ul><li>Jan – Mar 2007: Data processing and data analysis </li></ul><ul><li>April – July 2007: Finalize the results and write the report. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Thank You for Your Attention!

×