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The UN classes the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) as a ‘less developed
country’, something its government is...
- Electricity Law in 1997, amended 2008 and 2012;
- Environmental Protection Law 1999 and amended 2013;
- Environmental Im...
-District governors can make decisions on dams of 100 KW and below;
-Provincial governors can authorize the construction o...
•
•
•
•
•

Nam Ngum 1 dam built in 1968, former Lao government, no participation of Local
people, and resettled 3200 peopl...
•

•

The compensation and resettlement
correlates highly with the livelihood
of affected people from hydropower
developme...
• The dam that linking with
irrigation system is prefer by
downstream people,
• Hydropower often involves
significant soci...
• Hydropower also offers
significant potential benefits.
For local people, dams can
help facilitate infrastructure
develop...
• GoL is working hard to implement the laws and regulations of Lao
PDR and international agreements.
• The GoL is also att...
- Legislations be amended to be more decentralization.
-Resettlement planning and implementation be enhanced.
-Hydropower ...
Thank you very much for your attention!
Decision making on hydropower development in lao pdr
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Decision making on hydropower development in lao pdr

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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Session 17: Governance, institutions and decision-making about dams.

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  • You may know...
  • Hydropower development in Laos is based on laws and regulation as follows:
  • Based Article 34 of Electricity Law last amended in 2012,
    Great
  • In case of Xayaburi dam………
    By significantly redesigning the Xayaburi dam, the GoL is trying to mitigate the impacts of hydropower development in Lao PDR and across the Basin.
  • From the result of this study, it’s recommend that:…………………because most of them plays significant role of hydropower development.
  • Transcript of "Decision making on hydropower development in lao pdr"

    1. 1. • • The UN classes the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) as a ‘less developed country’, something its government is keen to change. It has set its sights on transitioning into a middle-income country by 2020. A key component of this strategy is a concerted policy of ‘industrialization and modernization’, including the development of its significant hydropower potential. In its 2011-2015 Five-year Socio-economic Development Plan, GoL plans to develop 10 large-scale dams with a combined capacity of 5,015 MW, at a cost of US$11.25 billion. These plans perceive hydropower to be a solution to poverty and development.
    2. 2. - Electricity Law in 1997, amended 2008 and 2012; - Environmental Protection Law 1999 and amended 2013; - Environmental Impact Assessment Decree 2000 and amended 2010; - Resettlement and Compensation People Affected by Development project 2005. - Agreement on the Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin 1995 (1995 agreement)
    3. 3. -District governors can make decisions on dams of 100 KW and below; -Provincial governors can authorize the construction of dams of between 101 KW and 15 MW; -Government can authorize the construction of dams of between 15 MW and 100 MW; -Standing Committee of the National Assembly will, on the government’s recommendation, authorize the construction of dams with an installed capacity of higher than 100 MW and/or a reservoir area of 10,000 ha or larger, and/or that will cause large-scale social and environmental impacts
    4. 4. • • • • • Nam Ngum 1 dam built in 1968, former Lao government, no participation of Local people, and resettled 3200 people in the war time. Nam Mang 3 dam built in 2005, local people participated, resettled 168 households, small area of reservoir, linking with irrigation system. Nam Nhone dam built in 2010, small scale dam, no resettled people, no reservoir area. Nam Ngum 2 dam built in 2009, resettled 6100 people to one location, not enough and poor agriculture land, one purpose dam. Xayaburi dam, on going construction, 1260 MW, resettled 2 villages.
    5. 5. • • The compensation and resettlement correlates highly with the livelihood of affected people from hydropower development project, especially good agriculture land compensation. Effective resettlement is complex, it involves considerations of culture, livelihood, food security, and economic and social development.
    6. 6. • The dam that linking with irrigation system is prefer by downstream people, • Hydropower often involves significant social and cultural impacts – managing these in terms of resettlement is difficult. Smaller dams do not have as many impacts.
    7. 7. • Hydropower also offers significant potential benefits. For local people, dams can help facilitate infrastructure development, basic education opportunities for children, health care services, electricity and transportation facilities.
    8. 8. • GoL is working hard to implement the laws and regulations of Lao PDR and international agreements. • The GoL is also attentive to constructive comments from NGOs and experts.
    9. 9. - Legislations be amended to be more decentralization. -Resettlement planning and implementation be enhanced. -Hydropower dams should be linked with irrigation systems or promoted to be multi-purpose. -More consideration should be paid to stakeholder’s comments. -Developers should be encouraged to use environmental friendly technologies in dam design and construction.
    10. 10. Thank you very much for your attention!
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