Day 1 session 5.1 benefit sharing on nam lik 1 2

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Day 1 session 5.1 benefit sharing on nam lik 1 2

  1. 1. Local Participation on Benefit Sharing of Nam Lik 1-2 Hydropower Project in Lao PDR Phoukeo Saokhamkeo (Presenter) Phoukeo Saokhamkeo2, Linkham Douangavanh1, Somsameu Douangdavong1, Lamchai Sisamack2, Jean-Roland Marguin4, Florence Milan3, and Chu Thai Hoanh3 1National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institution 2National University of Laos 3 International Water Management Institute 4University of Hohenheim
  2. 2. Outline • • • • • Introduction Main Focus Methodology Findings Policy Recommendation
  3. 3. 1. Introduction • Laos is located in the lower Mekong River Basin with great potential for hydropower development • In its country development plan, the government of Laos aimed to create revenue through energy from hydropower development • Hydropower projects have rapidly developed since the 1990s. To date, there are 14 power-generating dams, 12 more dams under construction, 25 dams are in the planning stage, and 35 dam are under feasibility study • Each hydropower project tried to provide benefits to impacted people in their living condition
  4. 4. 2. Main focus • Local participation of benefits sharing for poverty reduction and sustainable resources management • The changes of livelihood and adaptive strategies of affected people under the restriction of natural resources • Local participation and requirement for sustainable resources management
  5. 5. 3. Methodology • Research site • FGD & survey
  6. 6. 4. Main findings 4.1 Local participation on project development • Local people have participated in project activities since the initiation of the project – Physical survey – EIA, SIA surveys – Construction work • Local voice considered – Some important demands from villagers were not met – Compensation for loss of small area of land were not taken into consideration – No power to negotiate for a better land price – Oral agreements between villagers and company were not implemented – Infrastructure provided were substandard
  7. 7. 4.1 Local participation on project (Cont…) • Direct compensation to impacted villagers – – – – Lost land Damage landscape from rock explosion for marble Soil erosion The damage of agricultural products • Infrastructure development as community compensation – – – – Provision of road and bridge Replacement of water supply and wells Replacement of secondary school Provision of broadcasting speakers
  8. 8. 4.1 Local participation on project (cont…) • Fishing Group Association • Access to reservoir for collecting NTFPs
  9. 9. 4.2 Livelihood adaptation Categories of activities Before After dam (%) dam (%) Upland agriculture 37 23 Paddy rice 86 83 Gardens 39 23 Animal production 53 41 Fishery 32 39 Handicraft 9 17 Laborer 3 15 NTFPs 15 23 Trades 6 17
  10. 10. 4.4 Sustainable natural resources management • • • • • Committee for NRM Provision of US$1.8 million for NRM in 25 years Forest classification and land use allocation Monitor forest encroachment for agricultural activities in upstream Implement reservoir management plans – Forests and land use planning program – Village forest management program – Agriculture promotion program – Education and tourism program – Vocational promotion program • Fishing management – Classify fishing zones – Limited fishing equipment – Fingerling release
  11. 11. 5. Policy Recommendation • The dimension of impacts – Compensations should take into consideration the loss of livelihood – Compensations should be provided before the construction of the project starts • Local participation on project development – More local participatory on NRM – Allocate more budget for impacted communities – Concerned state organization should negotiate on behalf for the local people
  12. 12. 5. Policy Recommendation (cont…) • Livelihood adaptation for poverty reduction – – – – – Sustainable funds for agriculture productions and handicrafts Training for improved and new production techniques Animal production groups Access to market for agricultural products Good transportation • Sustainable natural resources management – – – – Grassroots groups should participate in the committee of NRM Villagers should be trained on NRM Administrative of NRM should be transferred to communities Financial support for community NRM • Government policy and legal framework in place for compensation and benefit sharing
  13. 13. Thank You

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