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Urban Water Governance:
Institutional Factors Affecting
Water Supply Management
in Yangon, Myanmar

Soe Thethan
November 1...
Research Questions
1. What is the current state of public water management?
What are the major risks that pose threats to ...
Government and Planning

• Branded as an authoritarian regime (155th/167)
• 25% of seats in parliament occupied by the mil...
Management and Administration
• YCDC – the only
institution with
legal authority
• Constrained by
Stringent
Bureaucracy
• ...
Social Norms and Organizations
• Declining social capital
• Bad public image of YCDC
• Use of tangible service-delivery ap...
What can we do to enhance
water governance in Myanmar?
Institutional Arrangements
Political Institutions
• Amend the 2008 Constitution to remove unfair
clauses
• Grant high degr...
Thank you.
Urban Water Governance:
Institutional Factors Affecting
Water Supply Management
in Yangon, Myanmar

Soe Thethan
November 1...
Urban Water Governance:
Institutional Factors Affecting
Water Supply Management
in Yangon, Myanmar

Soe Thethan
November 1...
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9. institutional factors affecting water supply management in yangon, myanmar. soe thethan

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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Sessions 4 & 6: M-POWER Solutions for Mekong Region Governance

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Transcript of "9. institutional factors affecting water supply management in yangon, myanmar. soe thethan"

  1. 1. Urban Water Governance: Institutional Factors Affecting Water Supply Management in Yangon, Myanmar Soe Thethan November 19, 2013
  2. 2. Research Questions 1. What is the current state of public water management? What are the major risks that pose threats to the technical and financial aspects of the supply system? 2. How do political, legal and social institutions shape the water supply management? 3. What role does the private sector play in water supply management? How do independent providers operate and deal with institutional constraints? 4. What are the key institutional arrangements that should take place to improve water governance?
  3. 3. Government and Planning • Branded as an authoritarian regime (155th/167) • 25% of seats in parliament occupied by the military • Minimal political participation induced by the weak rule of law
  4. 4. Management and Administration • YCDC – the only institution with legal authority • Constrained by Stringent Bureaucracy • Out-of-date regulations and acts The Rangoon Water Works Act 1885 The Burma Municipal Act 1898 The City of Rangoon Municipal Act 1922 The Underground Water Act 1930 The Burma Water Power Rules 1932 Environmental Law 2012
  5. 5. Social Norms and Organizations • Declining social capital • Bad public image of YCDC • Use of tangible service-delivery approach among the NGOs • Insignificant role of educational organizations
  6. 6. What can we do to enhance water governance in Myanmar?
  7. 7. Institutional Arrangements Political Institutions • Amend the 2008 Constitution to remove unfair clauses • Grant high degree of authority to local government Legal Institutions • Strengthen the rule of law • Establish a national-level water authority Social Institutions • Build social capital at the grass-roots level • Scale up educational programs
  8. 8. Thank you.
  9. 9. Urban Water Governance: Institutional Factors Affecting Water Supply Management in Yangon, Myanmar Soe Thethan November 19, 2013
  10. 10. Urban Water Governance: Institutional Factors Affecting Water Supply Management in Yangon, Myanmar Soe Thethan November 19, 2013
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