I have conducted my field work in Fujian province, China. This is the biggest culm I have measured in the plots. Its diameter is 15.2 cm.
The potential of Ethiopian bamboo development and future cooperation with other development partners
The Potential of Ethiopian Bamboo Development and Future Cooperation With Other Development Partners Nile BDC Workshop, Addis Ababa, April 8, 2011 By Melaku Tadesse Senior Forestry Expert and Coordinator, Bamboo and Climate Change Ministry of Agriculture Email: [email_address] Tel +251 11 646 14 37/Fax +251 11646 23 64 Mobile 0911 65 59 76
Bamboo <ul><li>67% found in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of species: </li></ul><ul><li>Yushania alpina </li></ul><ul><li>Oxytenanthera abyssinica </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated coverage: </li></ul><ul><li>800,000 hectares of Lowland </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 hectares of Highland </li></ul>Introduction
Specific Market Niche & Relevant Market Value <ul><li>Large & growing global market for industrial bamboo products (2006 – USD 10 billion; 10 yr forecast – up to USD 20 billion) </li></ul><ul><li>In Ethiopia: </li></ul><ul><li>Bamboo sector mainly farmers and urban cottage industries (500 urban micro entrepreneurs producing furniture and handicrafts for domestic market) </li></ul><ul><li>2 bamboo manufacturing plant in Addis Ababa (producing value-added products such as bamboo-based boards for flooring and furniture; USD 38 per sq. meter) </li></ul><ul><li>Wood processing factories are starting to diversify into bamboo production </li></ul><ul><li>WSB and ABC – 3 rd generation of laminate bamboo conquering the world market – zero processing waste with 12-15% saw dust production – variable uses from indoor furnishing to outdoor applications – market offers huge potential to Ethiopia </li></ul>
Problems Identified in the Supply Chain <ul><li>No concrete system established to strongly link bamboo raw materials and finished products to markets </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of up-to-date database on the nature, volume and location of products that would serve the marketing of products </li></ul><ul><li>No information on the nature and pattern of demand, location of markets and their character tics to guide products </li></ul><ul><li>Practice of grading raw materials is very weak with no standards available </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of standards leads t difficulty in comparing raw material and finished products for quality and pricing purposes – hindrance to penetrate international market </li></ul><ul><li>Little experience in mass propagation by farmers (except at EABP sites) </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional marketing: market system is not broad based and integrated over geographic location, sales points and customers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Varying prices and quality of products – no proper correlation between quality of raw materials and revenue generated </li></ul><ul><li>Near-source pre-processing centres are non-existent – expensive & inefficient transportation of culms to cities – low resource utility </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of associations facilitates the supply and grading of raw materials , pre-processing and manufacturing, common practice in EABP target sites which needs to be replicated in other areas. </li></ul>
Intervention Points <ul><ul><li>Economic potential of Ethiopia’s bamboo sector remains largely untapped due to undeveloped value chains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value chain development approach leads to greater production efficiency, value addition at each link of the value chain, and price/quality competitiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value chain approach entails adaptation of appropriate technologies, production techniques, and organizational strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of facilities at strategic regional locations to build up the industrial capacity and improve the supply chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthening existing centre to serve as a hub and showcase bamboo industrial applications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These steps will significantly contribute to uplifting the economic conditions of disadvantaged groups and result in an overall development of the industrial sector. </li></ul>
Bamboo– the fastest growing plant in the world The highest growth 1.21m/24hours The highest bamboo Up to 40 m in height and 30 cm in diameter in 2-3 months There more than 1500 uses
Bamboo fire-proof ceiling (M1) Over 230,000 m 2 bamboo fire-proof ceiling is been using in Madrid International airport, Spain. The bamboo ceiling fits the highest European fire protection standard-M1 and consists of 5 layers of bamboo veneer. The invention on bamboo fire-proof products will promote bamboo utilization in many areas.
<ul><li>UK RIBA Stirling Prize 2006 announced Barajas Airport in Madrid has won the 11th RIBA Stirling Prize in association with The Architects Journal. Barajas Airport, Madrid, beat off competition from five other shortlisted buildings, selected from this year's RIBA award winning buildings </li></ul>
Bamboo veneer for food container, furniture surface
Bamboo curtain production needs only one women to feed the machine with stick
Deodorant for refrigerator Water purification mattress for car Dehumidify air in room
Vinegar for bathtub Bamboo charcoal soap Bamboo vinegar soap
Bamboo vinegar & charcoal for hygiene/cosmetics in Japanese/Chinese market
<ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>>70% city residents using wood charcoal for cooking </li></ul><ul><li>Forest cover shrinks </li></ul><ul><li>fast </li></ul><ul><li>As fuel wood, </li></ul><ul><li>Bamboo (charcoal) may be substitute for wood (charcoal) </li></ul>
Bamboo scaffolding in Hong Kong up to 40 stories in height
Anji is a mountainous county. It was poor. After 25 years rapid bamboo development, the annual bamboo output is 450 mil US$, 60% farmers income comes from bamboo sector, and benefit from bamboo plantation and bamboo industry, they get richer and richer
High water use efficiency High economic return Annual harvesting
Sustainability <ul><ul><li>National Bamboo Development Unit created through 'The Bamboo Sector Strategy Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partners aligned and harmonized –FeMSEDA, UNIDO, MoARD, MoTI, INBAR, NGO’s, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector involvement increasing, </li></ul><ul><li>Low absorption capacity easily implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Lean project administration and use of existing staff is possible </li></ul>
What Partners can do <ul><li>Training and workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of bamboo center with China </li></ul>
What you and your organization can do <ul><li>Joining our efforts to promote Ethiopian bamboo development </li></ul><ul><li>Funding and co-funding for bamboo training, workshop, project and other activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing bamboo products </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting investment in bamboo sector </li></ul>
Bamboo in China 4.8 mil ha bamboo forest 60 billion birr output 700 million US$ export value <ul><li>Bamboo in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>1 million ha area, 67% of total Africa bamboo area </li></ul><ul><li>Big potential of bamboo development, increasing 130 birr/person/year </li></ul><ul><li>Future products:charcoal, curtain, concrete form,pulp,panels,housing,eco-tourism… </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperate with INBAR,CFC, China,UNIDO,Bamboo enterprises… </li></ul>
The suggested Ethiopian bamboo development areas for your consideration : Cultivation and ecological environment: New economic important bamboo species introduction (Bamboo and rattan botanic garden in Addis Ababa); Bamboo for garden and landscape; Bamboo planting to prevent and mitigate land degradation; Bamboo’s contribution to CO 2 sequestration and Carbon trade; To substitute bamboo for wood to reduce Ethiopian wood consumption and protect the fast shrinking forest cover. New technology and environment-friendly products: Bamboo charcoal production to supply fuel/export/active charcoal; Bamboo biogas generator (bioenergy, clean and sanitary environment, compost). Industrial products: Bamboo curtain production (export and domestic market); Bamboo concrete form (>15 times use, 2.44*1.22m 2 ); Bamboo medium/high-density board; Bamboo pulp and paper making.
Rural development and livelihood: Bamboo shoot for food (fresh, canned and dry shoot); Bamboo scaffolding for construction; Bamboo furniture; Bamboo handicrafts; Bamboo housing for rural area. Policy and investment: Ethiopian national bamboo development plan 2005-2015; Bamboo micro and small enterprise development; Transfer Chinese bamboo industrial technology to Ethiopia; How to attract investor to develop bamboo industry; Ethiopia delegation to China; Chinese bamboo enterpriser delegation to Ethiopia; Giving farmers land use right.