Elin Enfors & Line Gordon Tshwane, South Africa, 17 November 2011 RESILIENCE TWG MEETING IFWF3
Agenda 14.00-14.15 Welcome + introductions 14.15-14.35 Resilience insights from Arizona meeting + IFWF3 14.35-15.15 Explore resilience interests in TWG 15.15-15.35 Explore potential TWG activities 15.35-15.45 BREAK 15.45-16.25 Thematic group discussions + reporting back 16.25-16.55 Visioning exercise 16.55-17.00 Closing
Deals with the tension between persistence and change Change and variability is normal, stability is not Incorporates uncertainty, surprise and shocks in analysis Truly interlinked social-ecological systems (role of learning, adaptation, diversity in social-ecological systems) Emphasizes interactions small to large scales, and between fast and slow processes What we like about resilience
Insights from TWG meeting in Arizona • The challenge is often not to build resilience of existing system states but rather to enable transformation towards better pathways. In any case, it is not about going back.. • There are different kinds of social traps that are important to understand, in order to understand why certain systems end up on undesirable paths • Resilience is difficult to measure, but resilience thinking can still be used to improve understanding of system dynamics and thereby to guide interventions
Questions emerging in Arizona • How to deal with the diversity within the basins, and what to put our focus on (what is supposed to be resilient and at what scale?) • How to deal with overwhelming drivers, such as population growth, and future game changers such as new emerging drivers and changing disturbance regimes • What is really a “stable” state? It seems as sustained inputs often are needed to stay on a certain trajectory.. • What are the minimum requirements to assess resilience? / How to identify key system variables in a “quick and dirty” way? • How to simplify these ideas enough to be able to communicate to people who like silver bullets?
Resilience approaches help us understand agro-ecosystem dynamics, including alternative stable states, tipping points, and pathways for transformation
We need to shift mindset from optimizing yields to building resilient landscapes that provide multiple ecosystem services
Agricultural water management interventions may provide leverage for transformation, but the change process may entail risks (marginalization of certain groups, loss of ES)
To navigate the transformation towards a desirable outcome we need to consider key system variables, mindsets and emotions of people which influence their willingness and ability to change, and institutional factors across scale
INSIGHTS FROM IFWF 3 – RESILIENCE SESSION PRESENTATIONS
What is the value of resilience thinking for Agricultural research for development?
- Concept paper
2) What are resilience indicators?
-Social (IK, local adaptive capacity etc)
3) Theory (figure out what concepts such as scales, thresholds, desirable vs non-desirable traj. Adaptation vs transformation mean)
4) Turning crises to opportunities (reorganization etc)
5) Taking stock on resilience work in CPWF (homogenize, while keeping diversity)
Group discussions What questions do you want to answer? What activities can help you do that? What outputs can those activities generate? How do you want this group to support that?
Visioning exercise It is 2014, the 2 nd phase of the CPWF is coming to and end. You are feeling very proud over the resilience topic working group, in which you have actively participated. What have we accomplished together to make you feel this way?