Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia

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Poster prepared by Hagos, F., Jayasinghe, G., Awulachew, S.B., Loulseged, M. and Yilma, A.D. for the International Congress on Water 2011 Integrated Water Resources Management in Tropical and Subtropical Drylands, Mekelle, Ethiopia, 19-26 September 2011.

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Poverty impacts of agricultural water management technologies in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Poverty I p t of Ag i lt P ty Impacts f Agricultural Water Management lW t M g t Technologies i Ethi i T h l i in Ethiopia Hagos, F., Jayasinghe, G., Awulachew, S. B.  Hagos F Jayasinghe G Awulachew S B Loulseged, M., and Yilma, A. D. Loulseged M and Yilma A D Introduction d i Massive investment in low cost AWM technologies but their poverty  Massive investment in low cost AWM technologies but their poverty g p y impact remain hardly understood. impact remain hardly understood understood. The objectives of this study are: whether access to selected AWMT  The objectives of this study are: whether access to selected AWMT j y leads to significant reduction in poverty and identify which  leads to significant reduction in poverty and identify which technologies have higher impacts on poverty. technologies have hi h i t h l i h higher impacts on poverty. t t In it In‐situ I situ Ex‐situ Ex situ Trash lines T h li Well+motorised Stone bunds Stone bunds Diversion Di i Micro dam Mi d pumpStudy methodology Study methodology dy h d l gy Propensity score matching Propensity score matching P it t hi Conclusions C l iRWH pond  treadle pump  storage dRWH pond +treadle pump + storage drum d dl drum+ drip kit: Awash valley+ drip ki Awash valley d i kit: h ll • ATT is significant and led to an increase in ATT is significant and led to an increase in  household income ‐ ca.ETB 670/ household. household income ca ETB 670/ household • 22% l 22% less poverty among users compared to  less poverty among users compared t t d to non users of AWM technologies. non‐users of AWM technologies. f h l • Poverty reduction is technology specific Poverty reduction is technology specific.   y gy p • U of modern water withdrawal technologies Use of modern water withdrawal technologies  Use f d i hd l h l i have significant effect on poverty reduction. have significant effect on poverty reduction • Poverty orderings between users and non Poverty orderings between users and non‐ y g users are statistically robust.  users are statistically robust. t ti ti ll b tRiver diversion + canal + River diversion + canal +furrow/flood: Ribb river, Blue Nilefurrow/flood: Ribb river Blue Nile www.iwmi.org i i

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