The highlands of Ethiopia are estimated to be 60% of the African highlands and 46% of the country’s land area.
It is also known as the water tower of north and eastern African countries with 7 or more drainage systems crossing the country to the nearby regions. Of these the Blue Nile River Basin has an international significance.
The country's major natural renewable resources consist of land, water and enormous biodiversity. (Flora and fauna)
The highlands of the Amhara Region, on the other hand, are areas endowed with rich water sources with national and trans-national significance.
The Blue Nile River originates from the Lake Tana Basin in the Amhara Region and 50% of the BNB is in the ANRS.
The region is composed of,
10 major agro-ecologies,
Dominated (38%) by the tepid to cool moist zone, which has high agricultural potential
Hydrological characteristics of the ANRS The Amhara Region is composed of four river basins (Abay, Tekeze, Awash and Danakil) and, according to the major geomorphic classification of the region, it comprises seven geomorphic units. These are:
The eastern scarpments and lowlands (Wello and part of Shewa)
The Gonder and Wello degraded highlands areas
The Gojam and North Shewa plateaus
The Tana flood Plains
The Abay and Tekeze gorges
The north-western and western lowlands
The extreme highlands and afro-alpine zones - consisting of Ras Dejen, Choke, Guna, Abune Yosef, Amba Farit and Adama mountains.
The Amhara Region Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI)
Has 8 research centers and 5 sub-centers
More than 250 researchers from 1 st degree to PhD levels
3 soil laboratories, one grain quality laboratory and TC